before the common era
holy city of India
tree in which the phophet Buddha prayed under
the removal of the foreskin of the penis
the question of "why is there something when there could have been nothing?"
help discover the answer to the questions "why are we here?" and "What are we here for?"
cross cultural phenomenology
certain stories mirror other stories from different religions; cross-fertilization of ideas. Hopefully leads to cross-cultural sensitivity. Ex: story of Sargon, compared to the story of Moses
the P writer's name for God. is powerful. can speak things into existence, is orderly, remote, impersonal, doesn't have a form, kind of a majestic pulsating energy that is the explanation for the Earth. suggests the idea of transcendence.
the name of the Babylonian creation epic. ancient Mesopotamian creation story, warrior god Marduk slays the chaos dragon, Tiamut.
epic of gilgamesh
flood story for ancient mesoportamian religion.
means to set aside or to bracket one's belief and/or disbeliefs as part of one's commitment to the academic study of religion
study of causation, origination.
a service of thanksgiving, centering ont he sharing of bread and wine, based of the final meal jesus shared with his followers before his trial and crucifixion; also called communion or the lord's supper
hebrew for lifegiver
not taking the bible literally
a form of literature with particular characteristics. The detective story is a genre, for instance. Once a genre is established, the audience for it knows what to expect and can respond more easily to any given work.
Muslim pilgramage to Mecca. Ritual.
to immerse yourself in something, to be apart of it, to be fully connected to something.
being able to understand people with different beliefs only because you know about their religion. not just blind sympathy.
a characteristic of literature in which the reader or listener knows more than the characters about the situation in the story. a character in an ironic situation is missing a vital piece of information that is known to the audience.
favors a "hands on experience for the deity". Name for God is Yahweh. Probably dates from about 850 B.C.E. This is the story of Adam and Eve. The story starts with earth as a wasteland, instead of the waters of the first version. There is no reference to the time it took to create things, and this is its order of creation: 1: Man (2:7); 2: the garden in Eden (2:8); 3: trees of every kind (2:9); 4: animals and birds (2:19); 5: Woman (2:21-22).
son of Isaac and Rebecca, has a twin, Esau; wrestled with God.
holy city for muslims, jews, and christians, place of pilgramage and passion.
shrine, in the middle of Mecca, according to Islam tradition, this is something Abraham created.
means Holy, or to set yourself apart from anything that is unclean (woman on her period).
taking the bible in its own terms, no symbolism, imagery, etc.
is a Babylonian warrior-figure; he dismembers the chaos dragon
the place where Muslims take the Hajj. The ending place of their pilgramage. The Holy City for the religion of Islam
Belief in the existence of one God, belief in the oneness of God
place where Abraham's faith was tested (killing his only son, Isaac)
historically uncertain, religiously true. part of their soul.
Probably dates from about 500 B.C.E. It is set out in seven neat sections, corresponding to the seven days of the week, beginning with the appearance of light on the first day, and finishing with the arrival of men and women on the sixth. We are told that God rested from God's creative work on the seventh day, just as Jews keep this day of each week as the Sabbath, the holy day of rest. Name for God is Elohim.
a greek word meaning "five books" that refers to the first five books of the Bible, Genesis through Deuteronomy; the Torah
journey, not so much physical as it is spiritual
means to bind back (Latin). Religion bind people together. Binds common ethics.
something that is done that supports the spiritual side of your religion. Ex: taking communion, making a trip to Mecca (Muslim)
Sunday, holy day.
is a hero of the ancient Akkadian peoples, a kind of Moses figure.
Sargon was king of Akkadians. the Mesopotamian story that mirrors the story of Moses.
archaelogists found wonderful villas, extravagent artwork, an amphitheater here. A greek speaking city, makes us question Jesus' cultural background.
a person who resides temporarily in a place
Tel Dan Inscription
says "Royal House of David", before this, we didn't have any extrinisic information that David even existed.
a scene that portrays a manifestation of a divine being in the natural order, such as the revelation of God to Moses at Mount Sinai; an appearance or manifestation of sacred power
chaos dragon in the story of Enuma Elish
beyond or above our material world
immortal flood hero in the myth Epic of Gilgamesh (Mesopotamia)
means Lord God. Is accesible. Is said to "walk through the cool of the night", has legs, can walk, makes him more relatable to us. Suggests the idea of immanence: to immerse yourself in something, to be apart of it, to be fully and completely connected to something.
refers to a great earthen pyramid or artificial mountain used in rituals to symbolically connect heaven and earth.