Organelles of Plant and Animal Cells

20 terms by rachel_clark 

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What organelles are only found in animal cells?

Centriole, Lysosome (rare in plants), Cilia, Flagella, and a Small Vacuole

What organelles are only found in plant cells?

Cell Wall, Large Vacuole, and Chloroplasts

Shape of an animal cell

circle

Shape of a plant cell

square or rectangular

Organelles in both cells

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Golgi Complex, Mitochondria, Nucleus, Ribosomes, Rough and Smooth ER, and cytoskeleton

Centriole

Helpful in cell division and is part of the nucleus

Lysosome

Rare in plant cells and more common in animal cells. It digests molecules, old organelles, and foreign substances within the cell

Cilia

Hairlike organelles that line the surface

Flagella

Long, thread like extension of cells used mainly for movements that propels the cell through

Vacuole

stores food, water, and waste for the cell

Cell Wall and Membrane

protective barrier to the uncontrolled flow of water

Chloroplasts

Contains chlorophyll responsible for the plant's green color

Cytoplasm

Holds all the organelles.

Golgi Complex

Process and package substances produced in a cell

Mitochondria

Power centers of cell

Nucleus

holds DNA and controls the functions of the cell

Ribosome

makes protein for the cell. Protein used to make other parts of the cell.

Rough ER

A path for substances to follow along. Has ribosomes on it which makes it rough.

Smooth ER

Appears smooth and has no ribosomes

Cytoskeleton

maintains cell shape and are long strands

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