french word for rebirth, re-bible of culture, happened in middle of 1300 and into 1500
a city that acts like its own country, it has its own government and rules. Its a city where surrounding territory forms independent state
a person or business that is involved in exchanging of goods
control everything and eliminate the competition
wealthy class that has roots in ancient Rome
person who is financially support the arts
intellectual movement that focused on secular world
no religious basis
making distant objects smaller than those closer to the viewer, 3 dimensional
Where did Renaissance start?
It started in Florence, Italy not Rome although the influence of Rome is important.
Where are most city-states located?
Why did the Italians charge high prices over
Because they are merchants and they had control over trade routes
royal court, people accompanying king and queen everywhere
Who was the Medici Family?
They were bankers who were considered the, "King of Florence," although they did not want to be.
banker who made money and accumulated the wealth. He was looked upon as the King of Florence, but he didn't want to be. Believed as a patrician he thought he should help those less fortunate than him. He was also a supporter of the arts.
"The Magnificent." He was called this b/c during his rule of Florence culture flourishes. He was a true supporter of the arts, a patron.
Humansism (about Ancient Greek and Rome)
study of subjects from Ancient Greek and Rome. Focused on subjects outside of religion. Humanities are rhetoric, grammar, history, and poetry.
3 Types of Architecture
1) columns; design on top separates origin in Rome and Greece 2) arches; makes the room feel fancier and more open 3) more domes on buildings; most cathedrals are domes
This object is more realistic during this time. They used perspective and live models and scenes.
sculpture, famous for life size statue of soldier on horseback.
Renaissance started to experiment with new sounds and pitches, drama to create a persons mood. This will lead to opera.
Leanardo da Vinci
Not unusual for him to start something and not finish it because he got bored with it. He took notes on everything he did, had numerous notebooks. He is remembered for art; Mona Lisa, The Last Supper; forced to finish this because he lost interest. He was also an inventor, invented things that could not be built during his days. (helicopter, submarine, conveyor belt, and glider) First medical examiner.
remembered for painting and sculpture, painting: Ceiling of Sistine Chapel, Sculpture: statue of David and Pieta. Architectual design for Saint Peters Cathedral
remembered for art and mostly painting of Madonna: Mother of Jesus
famous writer, remembered for book "The Book of Courtier." Wrote about ideal man and ideal woman.
involved in government; ambassador, government Rome and existence now. wrote book, "The Prince." described how a person might gain and maintain power no matter how they did it.