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44 of the 70 Basic Phonograms (minus the single letter sounds). Pronuciation guide on back of flashcards.

ai

/A/ -- 2-letter /A/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words
laid

au

/aw/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words
sau-cer

au

/aw/ that we may not at the end of English words
saw

ay

/A/ -- 2-letter /A/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words
play

ch

/ch/ - /k/ - /sh/
child Christ-mas chef

ci

/sh/ -- short /sh/
fa-cial

ck

/k/ -- 2-letter /k/
back

dge

/j/ -- 3-letter /j/
edge

ea

/E/-/e/-/A/
eat bread steak

ear

/er/
ear-ly

ed

/ed/ - /d/ - /t/ -- past tense ending
trad-ed pulled picked

ee

/E/ -- double /E/ always says /E/
tree

ei

/a/ - /E/ - /i/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words
heir cei-ling for-eign

eigh

/A/ -- 4-letter /A/
eight

er

/er/
her

ew

/OO/ - /U/ that we may use at the end of English words
flew few

ey

/A/ - /E/ - /i/ that we may use at the end of English words
they key val-ley

gn

/n/ -- 2-letter /n/ used both at the beginning and end of a base word
gnat sign

ie

/E/ - /I/ - /i/
piece pie col-lie

igh

/I/ -- 3-letter /I/
night

ir

/er/
first

kn

/n/ -- 2-letter /n/ used only at the beginning of a base word
know

ng

/ng/
sing

oa

/O/ -- 2-letter /O/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words
coat

oe

/O/ -- 2-letter /O/ that we may use at the end of English words
toe

oi

/oy/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words
boil

oo

/OO/ - /oo/ - /O/
food good floor

or

/or/
Lord

ou

/ow/ - /O/ - /OO/ - /u/
house soul group coun-try

ough

/O/ - /OO/ - /uff/ - /off/ - /aw/ - /ow/
though through rough trough thought bough

ow

/ow/ - /O/
plow snow

oy

/oy/ that we may use at the end of English words
boy

ph

/f/ -- 2-letter /f/
phone

sh

/sh/
she dish

si

/sh/ - /zh/
ses-sion di-vi-sion

tch

/ch/ -- 3-letter /ch/
butch-er

th

/th/ - /TH/ (motor off/ motor on)
thin this

ti

/sh/ -- tall /sh/
na-tion

ui

/OO/
fruit

ur

/er/
church

wh

/hw/
whis-per

wor

/er/
wor-ships

wr

/r/ -- 2-letter /r/
wreck

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