X-RAY TERMS II

33 terms by melrow78 

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ANODE

THE POSITIVELY CHARGED ELECTRODE OF THE X-RAY TUBE; SERVER TO DECELERATE THE ELECTRONS AS WELL AS STORE AND DISSIPATE HEAT

ATOM

THE SMALLEST DIVIDED PART OF MATTER THAT CAN ENTER INTO COMBINATION OR CHEMICAL REACTIONS WITH OTHER ATOMS

ATOMIC NUMBER

THE NUMBER OF PROTONS OR POSITIVE CHARGES IN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM

ATOMIC WEIGHT

THE WEIGHT OF AN ATOM AS COMPARED TO THE WEIGHT OF A CARBON ATOM

CATHODE

THE NEGATIVELY CHARGED ELECTRODE IN THE X-RAY TUBE THAT SERVES AS THE SOURCE OF ELECTRONS

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION

THE MOVEMENT OF ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS THROUGH SPACE AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT

ELECTRON

A NEGATIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE THAT REVOLVES AROUND THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM IN WELL-DEFINED ORBITS

ENERGY

THE CAPACITY FOR PERFORMING WORK

FOCUSING CUP

A METAL CUP THAT SURROUNDS AND HOUSES THE FILAMENT AND IS NEGATIVELY CHARGED; ITS PURPOSE IS TO CONDENSE OR FOCUS THE ELECTRONS PRODUCED BY THERMIONIC EMISSION

GLASS ENVELOPE

THE GLASS ENCLOSURE OF AN X-RAY TUBE THAT PROVIDES STRUCTURAL SUPPORT FOR THE COMPONENTS AND MAINTAINS THE VACUUM NECESSARY FOR OPERATION

HEAT UNIT

THE UNIT OF MEASURE OF THE HEAT PRODUCED IN AN X-RAY TUBE DURING THE PRODUCTION OF X-RAYS

HEEL EFFECT

THE UNEVEN DISTRIBUTION OF X-RAYS PRODUCED FROM THE ANODE TO CATHODE END OF THE TUBE; A DECREASE IN X-RAY INTENSITY AT THE ANODE END OF THE X-RAY TUBE

INERTIA

THE RESISTANCE A BODY OFFERS TO ANY CHANGE IN POSITION

IONIZATION

THE ADDITION OR SUBTRACTION OF AN ELECTRON FROM AN ATOM CAUSED BY BOMBARDING MATTER WITH X-RADIATION OR ELECTRONS

ISOTOPE

AN ATOM OF AN ELEMENT THAT HAS THE SAME ATOMIC NUMBER BUT MORE OR FEWER NEUTRONS

KILOVOLTAGE

A TECHNICAL FACTOR CONTROLLING THE QUALITY OF RADIATION PRODUCED BY A RADIOGRAPHIC OR FLUOROSCOPIC UNIT

KINECTIC ENERGY

ENERGY WHICH IS THE RESULT OF A BODY BEING IN MOTION

LINE VOLTAGE COMPENSATOR

A DEVICE THAT SENSES CHANGES IN INCOMING VOLTAGE AND ALLOWS FOR EITHER AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL ADJUSTMENT FOR THE CHANGES

MAGNET

A SUBSTANCE WITH THE POWER TO ATTRACT FERROMAGNETIC SUBSTANCES

MATTER

ANYTHING THAT AS MASS AND OCCUPIES SPACE; POSSESSES THE PROPERTY OF INERTIA

MILLIAMPERE(MA)

1/1,000 OF A AMPERE

MILLIAMPERE-SECOND(MAS)

THE PRODUCT OF MILLIAMPERAGE AND TIME; A TECHNICAL UNIT TO DETERMINE THE QUANTITY OF RADIATION PRODUCED DURING A RADIOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE

MOLECULE

THE SMALLEST PART OF A SUBSTANCE THAT RETAINS ALL THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ORIGINAL SUBSTANCE

NEUTRON

A PARTICLE CONTAINED WITHIN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM HAVING NO CHARGE

NUCLEUS

THE CENTRAL BODY OF AN ATOM, CONTAINING PROTONS AND NEUTRONS

POTENTIAL ENERGY

THE ENERGY INHERENT IN A BODY AT REST

PROTON

A PARTICLE CONTAINED WITHIN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM, HAVING A POSITIVE ELECTRIC CHARGE

RAD

THE UNIT OF RADIATION ABSORBED DOSE RECEIVED BY HUMAN BEINGS OR ANIMALS

RECTIFICATION

A PROCESS THAT PREVENTS THE FLOW OF ELECTRONS FROM THE ANODE TO THE CATHODE

REM

THE RADIATION EQUIVALENT MAN; QUANTIFIES RADIATION DOSE FOR HUMANS

ROENTGEN(R)

THE UNIT OF RADIATION EXPOSURE OR INTENSITY; QUANTIFIES RADIATION OUTPUT OR EXPOSURE

TRANSFORMER

TWO COILS OF WIRE, INSULATED FROM ONE ANOTHER AND WRAPPED AROUND A SINGLE IRON CORE WHOSE PURPOSE IS TO CHANGE VOLTAGE FROM ONE LEVEL TO ANOTHER

WORK

THE FORCE APPLIED MULTIPLIED BY THE DISTANCE THROUGH WHICH THE FORCE ACTS

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