Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Vocabulary to study for the upcoming Religion test.

monotheism

The belief in a single and all powerful god.

Polytheism

The belief in many gods that hold power over different aspects of nature.

Christianity

A monotheistic faith that believes Jesus was the son of God.

Judaism

A monotheistic faith that believes God delivered a series of commandments to the Prophet Moses.

Islam

the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran

Hinduism

A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms

Buddhism

a religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama who is also known as Buddha whose purpose was to stop suffering

Eightfold Path

In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering

Moksha

in Hinduism, it is seen as the liberation of the soul from the body

Vishnu

Vishnu is a Hindu god who, in the trinity of gods, is the Preserver

Caste System

A Hindu social class system that controlled every aspect of daily life

Upanishads

commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion

Brahman

in Hinduism he was the universal soul, and in the trinity of gods in Hinduism he was the Creator

Karma

good or bad deeds

Siddartha Guatama

founder of Buddhism

Enlightenment

in Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe

Nirvana

the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires

Reincarnation

a second or new birth

Buddha

one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment

Torah

"the law" of the Jewish faith; first five books of the Hebrew Bible

First Covenant

The promise made between the Prophet Abraham and God.

Second Covenant

The promise made between the Prophet Moses and God.

Abraham

Founder of Judaism who, according to the Bible, led his family from Ur to Canaan in obedience to God's command.

Moses

Prophet and lawgiver who, according to the Torah, led the Israelites out of Eqyptian captivity

10 Commandments

the laws of the jewish people

The Promised Land

land believed to have been given to Abraham by God as part of their covenant

Hebrews

First group to believe in one god only = monotheism

Jesus

Religious leader and founder of Christianity

Bible

the sacred writings of the Christian religions

Gospels

four books in the New Testament that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings

Constantine

Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians

Paul

Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world

Messiah

savior, incarnation of God

Arabia

a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf

Mecca

the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace

Medina

the second holiest city; where Muhammad lived after fleeing Mecca

Muhammad

founder of islam; messenger of Allah

The Five Pillars

Shahada (profession of faith), Salat (ritual prayer), Zakat (almsgiving), Sawm (fasting during Ramadan) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).

Caliph

A Muslim ruler

Shar'ia

Islamic Law

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set