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bacon

empiricism

bacon

knowledge is power

descartes

cartesian dualism - thinking substance and extended substance

descartes

i think therefore i am

descartes

extended substance is objective

harvey

on the circulation of heart and blood

ptolemy

geocentric universe

copernicus

heliocentric universe

copernicus

on the revolution of heavenly spheres

tycho brahe

data on planetary positions

kepler

heliocentric w/ elliptical orbits

galileo

telescope: moon, sun, jupiter's moons

galileo

motion on earth: falling, inertia

newton

universal laws of motion

newton

co-invented calculus

bayle

prominent skeptic: beliefs had no foundation; ppl gullible

bayle

historical and critical dictionary: truth often opinion

spinoza

denied divine inspiration & miracles

richard simon

textual criticism on bible: moses didn't write 1st 5 books

hobbes

life is nasty, brutish, and short in a state of nature

hobbes

leviathan: strong government maintains order

locke

tabula rasa

locke

essay concerning human understanding

locke

natural rights: life, liberty, property

locke

two treatises of government

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