CP Biology Wayne Hills HS

30 terms by simone56 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Chapter 2 Vocabulary

acid

Compounds that forms hydrogen ions in solutions

base

compound that produces hydroxide ions in solution

buffer

weak acid or base that can react with strong acids or gases to help prevent sharp sudden change in ph

monomer

small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers

polymer

large compound formed from combinations of many monomer

carbohydrate

compound made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms

monosaccharide

single sugar molecule

polysacchride

large macromolecule formed from monosaccharides

lipid

macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms

nucleic acid

macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus

cohesion

attraction between molecules of the same substances

adhesion

attraction between molecules of different substances

mixture

materials composed of two or more elements or compounds that are physically mixed together but not chemically combined

solution

mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of the substances are evenly distributed

solute

substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution

solvent

substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution

suspension

mixture of water and non-dissolved materials

pit scale

measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution

nuleotide

monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base

ribonucleic acid

(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose

deoxyribonucleic acid

(DNA) nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose

protein

macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen

amino acid

compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxly group on the other end

chemical reaction

process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals

reaction

element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction

product

element o compound produced by a chemical reaction

activation energy

energy needed to get a reaction started

catalyst

substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction

enzyme

Protein that acts as a biological catalyst

substance

reaction of an enzyme catalyst reaction

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set