Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Vocab

HIP (human intention and perception) approach

An approach to the study and exploration of world music that privileges inclusiveness over exclusiveness and emphasizes the idea that music is inseparable from people who make and experience it

ethnocentrism

Imposition of one set of culturally grounded perspectives, biases, and assumptions on peoples and practices of other cultures

ethnomusicology

An interdisciplinary academic field that draws on musicology, anthropology, and other disciplines in order to study the world's music; ethnomusicologists are interested in understanding music as a musicultural phenomenon

musiculture

Conception of music in which music as sound and music as culture are regarded as mutually reinforcing and essentially inseparable

vocables

Nonlinguistic syllables that are used in vocal performances (sing,rapping,etc.) in many musical styles, including Native American/First Nations powwow songs

society

A group of persons regarded as forming a single community of related interdependent individuals; defined largely by social institutions

diaspora

An international network of communities linked together by identification with a common ancestral homeland and culture. People in diaspora exist in a condition of living away from their "homeland," often with no guarantee, or even likeihood, of return

field work

In ethnomusicology, a hallmark of research involving living for an extended period of time among the people whose lives and music one studies; often encompasses learning and performing their music as well

rituals

Special events during which individuals or communities enact, through performance, their core beliefs, values, and ideals

composition

A musical work; the process of creating a musical work ; the process of planning out the design of musical work prior to its performance

interpretation

The process through which music performers-or music listeners- take an existing composition and in a sense make it their own through the experience of performing or listening to it

improvisation

The process of composing in the moment of performance; takes different forms in different music traditions

timbre

Sound quality, or "tone color"; what particular notes, instruments, or voices "sound like."

rhythm

In music, the organization of sounds and silences in time

beat

Underlying pulse; fundamental unit of rhythmic organization

meter

The systematic grouping of individuals beats into a larger groupings; a specific pattern of grouped (duple,meter, triple meter)

syncopation

An accent or other note that falls in between main beats

tempo

The rate at which the beats pass in music

melody

A sequence of pitches that defines the identity of a song or other piece of music as it unfolds; a "tune". Every melody has a distinctive features including range, direction, and contour

mode

A comprehensive, multidimensional musical system-based on but not limited to a specific scale of pitches- that guides composers/performers on how to generate musical works and performances in that mode.

tonic

The first, fundamental pitch of scale

key

Term that indicates the fundamental scale from which a piece of music is built

pentatonic

Five-tone scale. The version discussed in the chapter is closely related to the major scale, though there are many different forms of pentatonic scales in the world music traditions as well

interval

The distance in pitch between one note and another

ornamentation

Decoration, or adornment, of the main notes in a melody by additional notes and ornamental figures

staccato

Italian term for a type of articulation in which the notes are performed in a short, clipped manner; opposite of legato

legato

Italian term for a type of articulation in which the notes are sustained; opposite of staccato.

chord

A group of two or more notes of different pitch that are sounded simultaneously

harmony

A chord that "makes sense" within the context of its musical style

crescendo

Getting louder

decrescendo

Getting softer

Hornbostel-Sachs classification

Music instrument classification system (original published in 1914) that classifies the world's instruments into four main categories: chordophones, aerophones, membranophones, and idiophones.

chordophones

Instruments in which the sound is activated by the vibration of a string or strings over a resonating chamber.

aerophones

Instruments in which the sounds are generated from vibrations created by the action of air passing through a tube or some other kind of resonator.

membranophones

Instruments in which the vibration of membrane (natural or synthetic) stretched tightly across a frame resonator produces the sound

idiophones

Instruments in which the vibration of the body of the instrument itself produces the sound

electronophones

Instruments that rely on electronic sound generation/modification to produce their timbres

texture

Musical element defined by the relationships and interactions between the different parts in a musical work or performance

polyphonic

Music with two or more distinct parts

interlocking parts

Division of a single melodic or rhythmic line between two or more instrument/voices

call-and-response

Back-and-fourth alteration between different instrument or voice points

unison

The same part performed by two or more instruments/voices

gamelan

Generic Indonesian term for "ensemble," "orchestra"; used in reference to a diverse class of mainly percussion-dominated music ensembles found in Bali, Java, and serveral other Indonesian islands

gamelan beleganjur

Balinese processional ensembles consisting of multiple gongs, drums, and cymbals, played in ritualistic contexts and in modern music contests

Unity in Diversity

The national slogan of the Republic of Indonesia; important relative to Indonesian polices of cultural diversity, preservation and development of indigenous cultural traditions, and nationalism

Agama Tirta

Balinese Hindu religion, representing a syncretism of Hindu, Buddhist, and indigenous Balinese elements; literally means "Religion of Holy Water"

Bali Aga

The indigenous people pf Bali, whose culture and religion predate the arrival of Hinduism and Buddhism

gamelan gong kebyar

Best- Known type pf Bainese gamelan

paired tuning "the shimmer"

The tuning of the pitches of the male and female instruments of a Balinese gamelan to slightly different frequencies

gong cycle

A recurring sequence of gong strokes (usually employing two or more gongs) that provides the musical foundation of a gamelan piece

gong ageng

"great gong" the largest gong

reyong

A set of four small, hand held gong s played in interlocking styles; main function is to elaborate the musics's core melody

kilitan telu

Set of three interlocking rhythmic patterns that are an integral component of much Balinese music, basis of the interlocking symbol patterns in gamelan beleganjur music and of the interlocking vocal patterns in kecak

Kecakent

Balinese dance -drama that employs a gamelan suara as its musical accompaniment

atma

human soul

banjar

Balinese village ward hamlet neighborhood organization

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set