Chapter 3 - Application Software

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Vocabulary from Discovering Computers Fundamentals 2011 Edition

application software

programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks

packaged software

mass-produced, copyrighted retail software that meets the needs of a wide variety of users, not just a single user or company

custom software

performs functions specific to a business or industry

Web application

a Web site that allows users to access and interact with software from any computer or device that is connected to the Internet

open source software

software provided for use, modification, and redistribution

shareware

copyrighted software that is distributed at no cost for a trial period

freeware

copyrighted software provided at no cost by an individual or a company that retains all rights to the software

public-domain software

software donated for public use and has no copyright restrictions

desktop

an on-screen work area that has a graphical user interface

icon

a small image displayed on the screen that represents a program, a document, or some other object

button

a graphical element that you activate to cause a specific action to occur

click

moving the pointer to the button and then pressing and releasing a button on the mouse

pointer

a small symbol displayed on the screen that moves as you interact with the mouse or other pointing device

menu

a list of commands from which you make selections

command

an instruction that causes a program to perform a specific action

window

a rectangular area of the screen that displays data and information

title bar

a horizontal space that contains the window's name

business software

application software that assists people in becoming more effective and efficient while performing their daily business activities

word processing software

allows users to create and manipulate documents containing mostly text and sometimes graphics

clip art

a collection of electronic drawings, photos, and other images

create

to enter text or numbers, insert images, and perform other tasks using an input device

edit

to make changes to a document's existing content

format

to change a document's appearance

font

a name assigned to a specific design of characters

font size

the size of the characters in a particular font

save

to transfer a document from memory to a storage medium

print

to place the contents of the document on paper or some other medium

spreadsheet software

allows users to organize data in rows and columns and perform calculations on the data

database

a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data

presentation software

application software that allows users to create visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group

note taking software

application software that enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, or sketches anywhere on a page and then save the page as part of a notebook

software suite

a collection of individual programs available together as a unit

personal information manager (PIM)

application software that includes an appointment calendar, address book, notepad, and other features to help users organize personal information

project management software

allows a user to plan, schedule, track, and analyze the events, resources, and costs of a project

accounting software

helps companies record and report their financial transactions

document management software

provides a means for sharing, distributing, and searching through documents by converting them into a format that can be viewed by any user

computer-aided design (CAD) software

a sophisticated type of application software that assists a professional user in creating engineering, architectural, and scientific designs

desktop publishing (DTP) software

enables professional designers to create sophisticated documents that contain text, graphics, and many colors

paint software

allows users to draw pictures shapes, and other graphical images with various on-screen tools

image editing software

provides the capabilities of paint software and also includes the capability to enhance and modify existing images and pictures

professional photo editing software

a type of image editing software that allows photographers, videographers, engineers, scientists, and other high-volume digital photo users to edit and customize digital photos

video editing software

allows professionals to modify a segment of a video, called a clip

audio editing software

lets users modify audio clips, produce studio-quality soundtracks, and add audio to video clips

multimedia authoring software

allows users to combine text, graphics, audio, video, and animation in an interactive application

Web page authoring software

helps users of all skill levels create Web pages that include graphical images, video, audio, animation, and other special effects with interactive content

personal finance software

a simplified accounting program that helps home users and small office/home office users balance their checkbooks, pay bills, track personal income and expenses, set up budgets, manage home inventory, track investments, and evaluate financial plans

online banking

offers access to account balances, provides bill payment services, and allows you to download monthly transactions and statements from the Web directly to your computer

legal software

assists in the preparation of legal documents and provides legal information to individuals, families, and small businesses

tax preparation software

can guide individuals, families, or small businesses through the process of filing federal taxes

personal DTP software

helps home and small business users create newsletters brochures, flyers, advertisements, postcards, greeting cards, letterhead, business cards, banners, calendars, logos, and Web pages

personal paint/image editing software

provides an easy-to-use interface, usually with more simplified capabilities than its professional counterpart

personal photo editing software

allows users to edit digital photos by removing red-eye, erasing blemishes, restoring aged photos, adding special effects, enhancing image quality, or creating electronic photo albums

clip art/image gallery

a collection of clip art and photos

home design/landscaping software

assists homeowners with the design, remodeling, or improvement of a home, deck, or landscape

travel and mapping software

enables users to view maps, determine route directions, and locate points of interest

reference software

provides valuable and thorough information for all individuals

educational software

software that teaches a particular skill

computer-based training (CBT)

a type of education in which students learn by using and completing exercises with instructional software

entertainment software

for personal computers, game consoles, and mobile devices includes interactive games, videos, and other programs designed to support a hobby or provide amusement and enjoyment

online help

the electronic equivalent of a user manual

Web-based training (WBT)

a type of CBT (computer-based training) that uses Internet technology and consists of application software on the Web

distance learning (DL)

the delivery of education at one location while the learning takes place at other locations

system software

the interface between the user, the application software, and the computer's hardware

file

a named collection of stored data, instructions, or information

cutting

the process of removing a portion of a document and storing it in a temporary storage location called a clipboard

charts

used in spreadsheet software to depict data in graphical form

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