Chapter 16- Absolutism

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Absolutism

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The nobility of Brandenburg and Prussia, they were reluctant allies of Frederick William in his consolidation of the Prussian state.

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The ruler of the Ottoman Empire; he owned all the agricultural land of the empire and was served by an army and bureaucracy composed of highly trained slaves.

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A series of violent uprisings during the early reign of Louis XIV triggered by growing royal control and oppressive taxation.

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A system used by the Ottomans whereby subjects were divided into religious communities with each millet (nation) enjoying autonomous self-government under its religious leaders.

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The highest-ranking members of the Russian nobility.

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The name of a series of treaties that concluded the Thirty Years' War in 1648 and marked the end of large-scale religious violence in Europe.

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A system of economic regulations aimed at increasing the power of the state based on the belief that a nation's international power was based on its wealth, specifically its supply of gold and silver.

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Members of a sixteenth- and seventeenth-century reform movement within the Church of England that advocated purifying it of Roman Catholic elements, such as bishops, elaborate ceremonials, and wedding rings.

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A form of government in which there is no monarch and power rests in the hands of the people as exercised through elected representatives.

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The core of the sultan's army, composed of slave conscripts from non-Muslim parts of the empire; after 1683 it became a volunteer force.

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A series of treaties, from 1713 to 1715, that ended the War of the Spanish Succession, ended French expansion in Europe, and marked the rise of the British Empire.

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Legislation, passed by the English parliament in 1673 to secure the position of the Anglican Church by stripping Puritans, Catholics, and other dissenters of the right to vote, preach, assemble, hold public office, and attend or teach at the universities.

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The English military dictatorship established by Oliver Cromwell following the execution of Charles I (1653-1658).

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A form of government in which power is limited by law and balanced between the authority and power of the government on the one hand, and the rights and liberties of the subject or citizen on the other hand; could include constitutional monarchies or republics.

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Free groups and outlaw armies originally comprising runaway peasants living on the borders of Russian territory from the fourteenth century onward. By the end of the sixteenth century they had formed an alliance with the Russian state.

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The executive officer in each of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, a position often held by the princes of Orange.

How did famines affect the European population in the seventeenth century?

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In eastern Europe between 1500 and 1650, the growth of commercial agriculture was accompanied by the

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Political power in the Dutch republic was

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How did the Peace of Westphalia mark a turning point in European history?

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How did the nature of armed forces change in the latter half of the seventeenth century?

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Louis XIV selected councilors from the

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The Baroque style flourished in the context of the

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The guiding force behind Cardinal Richelieu's domestic policies was

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How did the Treaty of Utrecht resolve the problem of succession to the Spanish throne?

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The Edict of Nantes was intended to

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The English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes held that

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What was the consequence of Rákóczy's rebellion for Habsburg rule?

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Mercantilist theory postulated that

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The primary cause of the English Glorious Revolution was

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How did Frederick William the Great Elector of Prussia persuade the Junker nobility to accept taxation without consent in order to fund the army?

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How did Frederick William I, King of Prussia, sustain agricultural production while dramatically expanding the size of his army?

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How did the princes of Moscow seek to legitimize their authority as rulers of an independent state?

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What was the effect of Ivan IV's laws regarding trade and manufacturing in Russia?

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What was one of the social consequences of Peter the Great's bureaucratic system?

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How did Peter the Great's westernizing reforms affect the process of marriage?

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Why did the English government arrive at a crisis situation by 1640?

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The final collapse of Spain as a great military power was symbolized by the defeat at the Battle of Rocroi and the resulting Treaty of

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How did Archbishop of Canterbury William Laud create conflict in Britain in the 1630s?

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French foreign policy under Richelieu focused primarily on the

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Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate is best described as a

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Which of the following best characterizes the English Revolution of 1688?

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