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Treponema

Gram Negative, spirochete, Treponema pallidum- Syphilis

Borrelia

Gram Negative, spirochete, Lyme disease, anthropod ( biologica vector) borne

Leptosprira

Gram Negative, sprirochete, leptospirosis

Pseudomonas

Gram Negative, rods, aerobes, pyocyanin: burn patients, nosocomial infections, lung infections in cystic fibrosis pts

Legionellla

Gram Negative, rods, aerobes, pneumonia, intracellular pathogens

Neisseria

Gram Negative, aerobes, diplococcus, Nessieria gonorrheae, Nessieria meningitides

Clostridium perfringens

Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, food poisoning, gas gangrene

Acetobacter

Gram negative, acetic acid from ethanol

Actinomyces

Gram positive, filamentous, Respiratory diseases, cavities

Azospirillum

Gram negative, rod, nitrogen fixation (convert N2 to NH4+)

Bacillus

Gram positive, rod, endospore former, anthracis: anthrax, food poisoning

Bordetella

Gram negative, coccobacillus, pertussis (whooping cough)

Burkholderia

Gram negative, rod, Burkholderia cepacia: infection in cystic fibrosis patients

Campylobacter

Gram negative, curved rod, GI infections

Chlamydia

Gram negative, pleomorphic rod, Trachoma (blindness), STD

Chlamydophila

Gram negative, rod, obligate intracellular parasite, pneumonia

Clostridium botulinum

Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, botulism

Clostridium difficile

Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, severe diarrhea

Clostridium perfringens

Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, food poisoning, gas gangrene

Clostridium tetani

Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, tetatnus

Corynebacterium

Gram positive, rod, contain inclusions called metachromatic granules, diptheria

Enterobacter

Gram negative, rod, UTI

Enterococcus (type of streptococcus)

Gram positive, coccus, VRE

Escherichia

Gram negative, rod, normal GI tract, O157:H7àhemolytic uremic syndrome

Fusobacterium

Gram negative, rod, gingivitis

Gardnerella

Gram positive, rod, Vaginitis

Helicobacter

Gram negative, curved rod, peptic ulcer

Hemophilus

Gram negative, coccobacillus (pleomorphic rod), meningitis, epiglottitis, otitis, URI

Klebsiella

Gram negative, rod, hemorrhagic pneumonia

Lactobacillus

Gram positive, rod, vaginal normal flora, used in making yogurt, buttermilk, and sauerkraut

Listeria

Gram positive, rod, newborn meningitis, can live in refrigerator and cause food poisoning

Mycobacterium

Acid fast, rod, mycolic acids in cell wall. tuberculosis, leprosy

Mycoplasma

No cell wall, pleomorphic, Walking pneumonia, fried egg appearance of colonies

Neisseria

Gram negative, coccus, gonorrhea and meningitis

Nitrobacter

Gram negative, rod, nitrifying (convert NH4 to NO3-)

Nocardia

Gram positive, rod, acid fast, respiratory diseases, used to clean pollutants

Propionibacterium

Gram positive, rod, Acne

Proteus

Gram negative, rod, UTI

Pseudomonas

Gram negative, rod, infection if burn patients, pyocyanin: green pigment

Rickettsia

Gram negative, bacillus, obligate intracellular parasite, Rocky mountain spotted fever

Salmonella

Gram negative, rod, typhoid fever, salmonellosis, food poisoning

Serratia

Gram negative, rod, UTI, respiratory infections, red pigment at room temp.

Shigella

Gram negative, rod, dysentery

Staphlyococcus

Gram positive, coccus, MRSA, VRSA

Streptococcus

Gram positive, coccus
pneumonia: alpha-hemolysis (partial lysis of RBCs)
pyogenes: beta-hemolysis (complete lysis of RBCs)
mutans: cavities

Streptomyces

Gram positive, filamentous, Antibiotics

Vibrio

Gram negative, curved rod, cholera, GI disease

Yersina

Gram negative, rod, plague (black death)

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