Falconry Aprentice Study Guide

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Section 2.2 Equipment

The minimum legal requirement for maintaining a captive raptor are....

A. A perch, bath, Aylmeri jesses, scales.
B. perch, scales, bath, leash. swivel, and mews.

Before you get your license, much less a hawk you are required by law to have the following: 1) A bath-pan, 2) Aylmeri jesses with grommets, 3) a swivel, 4) a mew 5)a leash, 6) an out door perch, and 7) scales.

Before taking the falconry test, beginners should know about...

a. what kind of hawk (kestrel or red-tail) to begin with.
b. how and where to house the hawk.
c. what and where to hunt
d. how to transport the hawk

To become a falconer, you must....

Convince your state and, at least one general or master falconer, you have the book knowledge, equipment and facilities to properly keep, maintain and train a kestrel or red-tail hawk.

Before putting your hawk out to weather on its perch, you should. . .

check the equipment's condition.

Of the following, probably the most effective method of trapping red-tailed hawks is the . . A. who gazza
B. bal-chatri
C. bow net
D. harness pigeon

The bal-chatri allow the falconer to approach hunting hawks wherever they may be perched alongside a road. Most hawks do not seem to fear the approach of a vehicle so long as it does not stop.

The Mist net is also known as . . .
a. bal-chatri
b. dho-gazza
c. phai-trap
d. None of the above

The mist net does not have a nickname and is used only by bankers (people who band birds) and not falconers. The mist net system was originally manufactured from human hair and used to trap small birds in Japan and China. It is similar in appearance to the who-gazza used in the Middle East and India where the name originated. However, the concept of the who-gazza, which uses a smaller, heavier net like a gill net to collapse around the hawk, is very different from the mist net which uses a smaller, heavier and bulky pockets to entangle the raptor.

The most effective trap for kestrels ouside of the migration is the . . .

The bal-chatri is a small wire cage covered with monofilament nooses.

When trapping their first hawk, apprentices should . . .

A. be supervised by their sponsors.
B. have scouted out possible locations prior to the start of trapping season.
C. have a trap, bait, Aylmeri jesses and grommet tools, a large hood, a roll of masking tape, and a pair of modified panty hose.

True or false. When making their own hoods, most north American falconers prefer the Anglo-Indian to the Dutch pattern.

True. The Dutch hood is molded over a form (hood block). Completing a Dutch hood is a slow and difficult process for beginners. When making their own the Anglo-Indian hood is more popular with American falconers because it is lighter and easier to make and fit especially around the sensitive mouth and nares.

H.J. Slijper's "canon" is a. . .

geometrical formula for hoods.

A giant hood is . . .

a box for carrying the hawk.

True or false. The falconer should always change to slitless field jesses before flying the hawk.

True. Always use slitless field jesses when flying the hawk loose. Make them long enough for ease of handling in the field and bunch a tiny hole in the end to attach a leash with a small snap.

Aylmeri bracelets that are too narrow are dangerous because they. . .

may cause leg sores.

True or false. The Aylmeri jess is safer for the hawk than the traditional jess.

True. Aylmeri jesses are a legal requirement [50 CFR 21.299g)(2)(i)] and consists of two sets (one for each leg) of three pieces: 1) a bracelet or cuff (including grommets), 2)a removable slitless field jess, and 3) a removable swivel-slitted jess for the mews and the perch.

True or false. The goshawk needs longer field jesses than does the longing.

True. The goshawk is a "bird of the fist", that is to say that typically, goshawks are carried on the fist when hunting, while the longwing is released the moment it is unhooded.

True or false. The common dog-leash snap-swivel is both a reliable and convenient swivel for attaching the jesses of a hawk to its leash.

False. This type of swivel is unreliable since jesses work out of the clip easily. The snap swivel is dangerous since it is so heavy. The best swivels are custom-made figure eight's or heavy duty, stainless steel, salt-water fishing swivels of the manufactured by Sampo.

True or false. The use of a piece of well-maintained bungee cord, shock cord, or strip of inner tube as part of a leash will help prevent injured or broken legs.

True.

True or false. The best leash material is leather.

False. Leather is the traditional material for leashes. However, recent advances in materials have made nylon "parachute cord" or "kernmantle" type ropes viable and attractive alternatives since they are less subject to weathering and deteriorating from exposure to rain, bating, mutes, and food decay products.

A good perch for preventing feather damage in accipiters and buteos is . . .

a bow perch.

The block is used for longwings; the bow perch for accipiters and buteos. The rationale is based upon . . .

Health, comfort, and tradition. These perches were designed to accommodate the foot shape, conformation and the natural perches generally preferred by the hawks. Longwings tend to stand flat-footed, while accipiters and buteos tend to perch on tree limbs.

The diameter of a longing block perch across the top is . . .

determined by the size of the leg and the length of the jesses.

Of the following, which is the best description of an outdoor bow perch for an apprentice's tethered red-tail?

a half-inch diameter manila rope covering a quarter-inch steel bow.

A creance is a . . .

light, strong line used to control a raptor during early training.

True or false. One end of the creance should be anchored, the other end to the hawk's swivel.

True. Until recently, swivels were the "weak link" in the chain, and earlier texts advise against including the swivel with the creance. The advent of the ball bearing, stainless steel, salt water models, like the Sampo changed that.

Which of the following objects would function best as an anchor for a new apprentice's red-tail on a creance?
a. a pair of old running shoes
b. a goal post
c. a tree
d. the falconer's hand

The falconer's hand. The trainer should use a strong but light line and attached the free end to something that will gradually slow the hawk and bring it to the ground.

True or false. A well-padded horseshoe is an acceptable lure for a longwing.

False. Although classic works recommended this and similar items, modern falconers take a dim view of this device. In training it is necessary for longwings to strike the lure in the air and a heavy lure is not only difficult to swing properly but it likely to discourage the hawk. The weight of the lure should not be more than the weight of a pidgin - about eight ounces.

In the field, it is important to have the following equipment. . .

The lure is the one truly indispensable piece of field equipment. An escaped or reticent hawk can be taken when a lure is available.

True or false. A lure with weight attached is almost always preferred to a one-piece lure.

True. The falconer should always hold onto the lure line. Should the hawk rip the lure and lure line away from the falconer it is true that a swinging weight will always bring a hawk to the ground faster than a heavy lure with a weightless handle.

True or false. Tough, stringy meat should not be used to garnish a lure.

False. Tough stringy meat is best for tying to lures as it stays there and is not so quickly eaten.

True or false. A good recovery lure for a red-tail closely resembles the hawk's normal prey.

False. Or more like "not-necessarily." As long as the red-tail, or any hawk for that matter, learns that she is going to get a full crop when she sees her normal lure, the lure can be any shape.

Bells are most needed. . .

when the hawk is down with quarry.

True or false. Ideally, when a pair of bells is selected, both should produce identical tones.

False. Bells with two different metals and two different frequencies (commonly, a half-tone apart).

True or false. The life of hawk bells can be lengthened by cooking the bells on a hot plate.

True.

True or false. A passage red-tail should be flown with the largest size bells possible.

False. Some falconers, including the editor, use the smallest bells possible. The point of the bells is to be heard.

True or false. When a plastic cable-tie is used as a bewit, it should be fastened around the tarsus.

False. A bewit is a small leather strip used to secure a bell or telemetry transmitter to a hawk's leg.

True or false, When flying a red-tail, telemetry is more important than bells.

False. Telemetry is hardly ever used with these hawks as their hunting style keeps them, generally, close to the falconer who can track the hawk by the sound of the bells.

A "yagi" is . . .

a hand held telemetry antenna. Reception range is usually a quarter to seven miles if both hawk and falconer are on the ground and fifteen miles or more when used from an aircraft or if the hawk is high up in the air.

A telemetry signal is likely to be strongest when the antenna is held. . .

Vertically when the transmitter whip is hanging vertically.

A traditional instrument used to stop a hawk from bating was the . . .

Brail. Bating is the raptor's attempt to escape from the falconer's fist, or from a perch, being attached as it is by jesses or tethered with a leash. The Brail is a soft leather thong formerly used to bind one wing of a hawk to prevent bating, but is rarely used by modern falconers.

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