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of 22 available terms

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. hereditary
  2. cleft lip/cleft palate
  3. environmental
  4. genes
  5. chromosomes
  1. a A threadlike structure that carries genes in living cells
  2. b An upper lip congenitally divided into two parts
  3. c All traits passed down from one generation to the next (e.g., eye, skin, and hair color)
  4. d The basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child
  5. e Things and people in a person's surroundings (ex. mother's health, family, friends, home, community, life experiences)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A condition that babies may be born with when the mother drinks during pregnancy; symptoms include shaking, crying...
  2. Caused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans
  3. A genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21
  4. A genetic disease that principally affects those of Jewish ancestry, marked by an accumulation of certain fats in the brain and nerves resulting in brain damage, loss of sight and brain functions
  5. A condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein that is present in nearly all foods

5 True/False Questions

  1. spina bifida and hydrocephalusA congenital condition in which part of the spinal cord or meninges protrudes through a cleft in the spinal column, resulting in loss of voluntary movement in the lower body. An increase of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain, resulting in an enlargement of the head in infants, because the bones of the skull are still unfused and the fluid can be drained into the abdominal cavity.

          

  2. rubellaThe basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child

          

  3. dominant traitsTraits that always show in a person even if only one gene of the pair is inherited for the trait

          

  4. birth defectAn abnormality, present at birth, that affects the structure or function of the body and may threaten a baby's health

          

  5. hyperovulationAll traits passed down from one generation to the next (e.g., eye, skin, and hair color)

          

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