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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hyperovulation
  2. recessive traits
  3. sickle cell anemia
  4. birth defect
  5. muscular dystrophy
  1. a Caused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans
  2. b An abnormality, present at birth, that affects the structure or function of the body and may threaten a baby's health
  3. c An inherited trait that may produce fraternal twins
  4. d Traits that typically do not show in a person unless both genes for the trait are inherited
  5. e A progressive weakness and shrinking of the muscles most commonly inherited

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. An upper lip congenitally divided into two parts
  2. A genetic disease that principally affects those of Jewish ancestry, marked by an accumulation of certain fats in the brain and nerves resulting in brain damage, loss of sight and brain functions
  3. Traits that always show in a person even if only one gene of the pair is inherited for the trait
  4. The basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child
  5. A medication that can be purchased by anyone off the shelf at the pharmacy without a prescription

5 True/False questions

  1. PKU (phenylkentonuria)A condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein that is present in nearly all foods


  2. environmentalThings and people in a person's surroundings (ex. mother's health, family, friends, home, community, life experiences)


  3. rubellaA virus that can complicate pregnancy, causing miscarriage, stillbirth or congenital disorders; also called German Measles


  4. multiple birthsGiving birth to more than one child at a time


  5. fetal alcohol syndromeA genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21


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