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Birth Defects Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. dominant traits
  2. birth defect
  3. muscular dystrophy
  4. PKU (phenylkentonuria)
  5. Down syndrome
  1. a A genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21
  2. b An abnormality, present at birth, that affects the structure or function of the body and may threaten a baby's health
  3. c A progressive weakness and shrinking of the muscles most commonly inherited
  4. d Traits that always show in a person even if only one gene of the pair is inherited for the trait
  5. e A condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein that is present in nearly all foods

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. An inherited trait that may produce fraternal twins
  2. The development of a zygote, embryo, and fetus before birth
  3. The basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child
  4. Caused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans
  5. A condition caused by brain damage around the time of birth and marked by lack of muscle control and paralysis especially in the limbs

5 True/False Questions

  1. spina bifida and hydrocephalusA genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21

          

  2. rubellaA virus that can complicate pregnancy, causing miscarriage, stillbirth or congenital disorders; also called German Measles

          

  3. cleft lip/cleft palateAn upper lip congenitally divided into two parts

          

  4. recessive traitsTraits that typically do not show in a person unless both genes for the trait are inherited

          

  5. chromosomesThe basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child

          

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