United States diplomat and judge who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the Supreme Court.
Judiciary Act 1789
Created the federal court system, allowed president to create federal courts and to appoint judges
First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
funding & assumption
An economic policy of Hamilton where the government would pay the national debt at face value. It would help relieve the government out of its huge debt.
French diplomat who tried to get american support against the British in the 1790s.
A defeat in the Ohio region that crushed the Native Americans' hopes of keeping their land.
Treaty of San Lorenzo
Signed with Spain in 1795, gave the U.S. unrestricted access to the Mississippi River and established the border between the U.S. and Spanish Florida.
One of nations first political parties, stemming from the anti-federalists, emerged around 1792, gradually became today's Democratic party. Pro-French, liberal, and mostly made up of the middle class. They favored a weak central govt., and strong states's rights.
Shawnee chief who tried to united Native American tribes in Ohio and Indiana against encroaching white rule. Failed.
Lewis & Clark
Jefferson's private secretary and partner who led the expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Vice-President under Thomas Jefferson. Traitor to U.S. Shot Alexander Hamilton to death in a duel.
George Washington's Secretary of War
Report on Public Credit
Hamiliton's suggestion that the U.S. pay off all public debts to open up economy and ask for money later.
Hamilton's big idea; fiercely opposed by Jefferson and Democratic-Rep. It would regulate money and draw investors; showed that the Constitution could be interpreted loosly.
It said that Britain was to pay for Americans ships that were seized in 1793 and that Americans had to pay British merchants debts owed from before the revolution and Britain agreed to remove their troops from the Ohio Valley.
Incident in the late 1790s in which French secret agents demanded a bribe and a loan to France in lieu of negotiating a dispute over the Jay Treaty and other issues.
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey. The army, sent by Washington, put down the rebellion.
Alien and Sedition Acts
A series of laws that sought to restrict the activities of people who opposed Federalist policies.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
These documents drafted by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson claimed that the Alien and Sedition Acts violated the U.S. Constitution. They affirmed the principle of states' rights.
Territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
Federalist Supreme Court justice impeached by the House in 1804 but acquitted by the Senate
He created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early Supreme Court decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court .
Jefferson's euphemism for his embargo against both Britain and France when they refused to recognize American neutrality.