PSYC 110 Exam 1

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Experiment

A research design characterized by random assignment of participants to conditions and manipulation of an independent variable is called a...

Only observable behavior is appropriate for study

The key feature of behaviorism that distinguishes it from other approaches to psychology is that...

Rachel has not earned a PhD

Ross is a psychologist, where as Rachel is a psychiatrist/ Thus, which of the following is MOST likely to be true?

Wilhelm Wundt

In 1879, in Leipzig, Germany, the first psychological laboratory was overseen by...

Standardized test scores

A psychology teacher wants to determine where computer-aided learning will produce higher standardized test scores than usual lecture format. In this example, the dependent variable is the

a placebo

A subject for an experiment that receives no real treatment would be receiving

developmental

The main idea that define this perspective is that people change in predictable ways as the influences of heredity and environment unfold overtime

correlational study

In this type of research, the relationship between variables is studied, but there is no manipulation of an independent variable

evolutionary

Dr. Jones probably agrees with the _ theory of psychology, since he contends that humans are intelligent species due tot he fact that intelligence gives us an advantage in the natural world.

observe whether people have a positive or negative experience after consuming alcohol

A behavioral psychologist studying the causes of alcohol usage would most likely

plasticity

Peter suffers from damage to his left frontal lobe and loses the ability to speak, although he can still understand speech. Despite the permanence of this damage, he is able to recover some of his speech due to the ability of other parts of the brain to take over lost function. This phenomenon is known by neuroscientists as

b. pain controlling chemicals
c. responsible for the fatal reaction that humans have when hit by a black widow spider

Endorphins are

frontal lobes

Damage to the _ is most likely explanation for a brain injury that has devastating effects on human action and personality.

hormones

Endocrine glands secrete this group of chemicals in to the blood stream

distinguish more active tissues from less active ones

A unique feature of the fMRI, as compared to the MRI is the the capacity to

carry messages to other cells

The function of the neuron's axon is to

positron emission tomography

Libby's physician refers her to a medical center in order to have the biochemical activity in her brain analyzed. She is given an injection of radioactive glucose-like substance and this is told to lie down with her head in a scanner. The technique beings used is

right

Spatial orientation appears to be a function of the brain's _ hemisphere

nervous system

The function of the _ is to carry information to and from all parts of the body

thyroid

Tim is overweight. His physician has decided to test him to see if there is a problem with the regulation of his metabolism. Which endocrine gland will be the focus of diagnostic testing?

no learning

The linkage between a UCS and the UCR requires

digestion, Pavlov, classical

While studying _, _ discovered _ conditioning

conditioned stimulus

After acquisition of classical conditioning, the _ now has the ability to elicit a response that resembles the UCR

not entirely learned

The fact that taste aversions are _ poses a problem for classical conditional theory

follows and strengthens

The term "reinforcer" refers to any condition that _ a response

variable ratio

A telemarketer is working according to a _ schedule of reinforcement

something has been taken away or given

The different between negative and positive punishment is whether

increase

Positive reinforcers _ the likelihood of ensuing responses.

are capable of insight learning

Wolfgang Kohler suggested that chimps

the amount of time that has passed

Reinforcement on an interval schedule is always based on

episodic; semantic

The two subdivision of declarative memory are _ memory, which stores personal information, and _ memory, which stores the meanings of words and concepts

frontal cortex

Working memory involves activity in circuits located with the _ of the brain

mood-congruent

The observation that depressed people tend to favor recall of depressing memories is known as _ memory

storage

Our ability to retain encoded material overtime is known as

levels of processing

The _ theory claims that establishing more connections with long-term memories makes information more meaningful and memorable and is thus easier to recall

recall

The _ method of retrieval is used when you are asked to answer an essay question

proactive interference

Writing the previous year on your check instead of the current year is an example of

are naturally adaptive

The failures of memory identifies by Schatcher

elaborative rehearsal

981-LAMP Bob is hoping that _ will aid his customers in remembering the phone number

trying to study while watching television

Absent-mindedness of a college student would typically involve

above 130

Using most tests of intelligence the cut-off score at which a person is labels as "gifted" is

functional fixedness

_ refers to a situation where person cannot consider uses for a familiar object

perform at their expected level

A self-fulfilling prophecy occurs when people

breaking the problem into its component parts

Which problem-solving strategy did the Wright Brothers use to solve the challenge of powered human flight?

cognitive map

When you give someone verbal directions on how to find a classroom in a building, you are using a

functional fixedness

Rob never thought of using his rolling pin to flatten the chicken because of

IQ scores cannot be calculated from the information that is provided

On an IQ test, a child scores a mental age of 7 years. What is the IQ score?

identifying the problem

Brad is home when all of his light suddenly go out. His thought that " this is what happens when fuse is blown" would be said to be

novel

Creativity is a process that produces _ responses that contribute to the solutions of problems

within group differences; between group differences

Heritability refers to_ not _

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