A war between France and England. All because Edward III of England wanted to French crown that he assumed belonged to him. And the French denied him of it. French won because of Joan of Arc
War between the two major dynasties of Spain and France, began with Charles V and Francis I. Ended in 1559 with Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis
Habsburgs won in Italy. All over land
An indifference to religion and a belief that religion should be excluded from civic affairs and public education. A seperation of churchly ideas from state afairs
a council of 6-8 members that governed Florence. Very rich and powerful
Supreme power to the people
Balance of Power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong. Example- Florence, Naples and Rome balanced each other out
Council of Constance
the council in 1414-1418 that succeeded in ending the Great Schism in the Roman Catholic Church
Term applied to Louis XI of France, Henry VII of England, and Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, who strengthened their monarchical authority often by Machiavellian means. A new set of monarchs enter power
the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe.
Cause of Black Death
People came to believe that it was the wrath of God or brought by Jews. Actually brought by rats from ships from forgien lands
The group of women that advocated for education for women
a period of division in the Roman Catholic Church, 1378-1417, over papal succession, during which there were two claims to the papal office
When was the Peace of Lodi?
When was the end of the Hundred Years War?
When was Thomas More's Utopia written?
Death of Savonarola?
When did Charles VIII invade Italy?
When was the start of the Great Schism?
When was the death of Jan Hus?
When was the start of the Council of Constance?
Who made the "Last Supper"?
Who created the "Statue of David"?
Who painted "Primavera"?
Who painted "Mona Lisa"?
Who painted the "Sistine Chapel"?
Who painted the "Journey of Magi"?
Who painted "The Peasants Wedding"?
Who was John Knox greatly influenced by?
Why was the Hasburg-Burgundy marriage of 1477 so important?
Because they were both rich and powerful families with much land. Combining them made Austria a international power. The offspring of this marriage included- Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) and Phillip II
What were Ferdinand and Isabella thinking with the Reconquisto?
That they were taking back the land from people who had no right to own it. The battle lasted for several decades with the Christians removing Muslims and other religious groups out of the Iberian Peninsula. Thought the land was rightfully theirs
Thomas More's Utopia? What were the main ideas?
It was a revolutionary view on society. Suggests that the main issue in society is greed. Creates a perfect society that includes education for all.
Florentine economic vitality relied on bankers and..?
Who was Charles VII put into power by?
Joan of Arc
What were Hermindades?
Popular groups in towns that were given power to act as police. They were started to curb rebellion and warring aristocracy. Disbanded when they performed too much violence
Humanism refers to what?
Recovery of old manuscripts, writings and artwork. Study of latin classics. New learning
Who were Calvin's elect?
The people he thought were chosen by God to go to heaven. Relate with his idea of pre-destination.
What were King Henry VIII of England's motives in creating a new religion?
Divorce of his wife. Catherine of Aragon
Who wrote the "Babylonian Captivity of the Church"?
Who wrote "Institute of the Christian Religion"?
Who wrote the "95 Theses"?
Who wrote "Spiritual Excersises"?
Ignatius of Loyola
Who wrote "Against the Murdering, Thieving Horde"?