Chapter 3 - The English Colonies in North America

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29 terms · For Chapter 3 Test - The English Colonies in North America

Roger Williams believed in religious freedom and tolerance and founded the colony of ________________ ___________________.

Rhode Island

The Quakers (known for religious freedom and being against war and slavery) are associated with which colony?

Pennsylvania

James Oglethorpe set up which colony as a haven for English debtors?

Georgia

Which colonial region was known for self-government?

New England Colonies

Which colonial region is this? rocky soil, harsh winters, LOTS of coastal lands good for fishing and whaling good for fishing and whaling

New England Colonies

Which colonial region is this? warm summers, mild winters, rivers, swamps, and good soil for farming cash crops

Southern Colonies

Which colonial region is this? mild climate good for farming grains (known as the BREAD BASKET COLONIES) and lots of rivers for transporting goods

Middle Colonies

Which of the three colonies depended on the ocean for its economy and had good harbors, abundant forests, and a short growing season?

New England Colonies

What provided the basis for self-government in the Plymouth Colony?

The Mayflower Compact

What colony was set up by English Catholics?

Maryland

What colony used to be owned by the Dutch and was known as New Netherlands?

New York

TRUE OR FALSE: Colonial farmers settled near the Appalachian Mountains because it made transportation of goods and crops by water easier.

FALSE - They settled near the oceans and coastal waterways.

In which colony were the towns of Harrisburg and Philadelphia?

Pennsylvania

In which colony were the towns of Plymouth, Salem, and Boston?

Massachusetts

What was known as the first representative assembly in the colonies?

Virginia House of Burgesses

Colonial settlers first came to Plymouth Colony, Maryland, and Pennsylvania in order to secure their ___________ freedom.

religious

The plantation system in the Southern Colonies (aided by fertile soil and warm climate) was known for growing...

cash crops

The following settlers came from which CONTINENT: English, Swedish, German, Scottish, French, Scotch-Irish?

Europe

The following describes which of the three colonial regions: large farms, moderate growing season, fertile soil for growing grains, near rivers navigable for transportation.

Middle Colonies

The following describes which of the three colonial regions: Triangular trade, shipbuilding, fishing, lumber, rocky soil, harsh winters.

New England Colonies

The following describes which of the three colonial regions: Large plantations, long growing season, swamps and marshlands, main crops are tobacco, rice, and indigo - CASH CROPS.

Southern Colonies.

What is MERCANTILISM?

Plymouth, Salem and Boston were in which colony?

Massachusetts

What is an indentured servant?

a laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America

export

goods sent to another country

import

goods brought into a country

First written Constitution in the Colonies

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

The differences in the 3 colonial regions were due mainly to ________________________ differences.

geographic

TRUE OR FALSE: The English colonies were founded by people with various goals, from money making to following their faith.

TRUE

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