Chapter 20: Giding for War: The North and South

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Fort Sumter

A federal outpost in Charleston,SC and was attacked by the Confederates in April 1861, sparking the Civil War

The Trent

1861, British mail steamer. forcibly removed Confederate diplomats bound for Europe by a Union warship.

The Alabama

A Confederate ship built in Britain and armed after it left port so it was not considered a warship when it left port. Displayed the main foreign intervention in the war, and because it never landed in a Confederate port it yielded Britain the naval base of the Confederacy.

Laird Rams

2 confederate warships being constructed by Great Britain. Designed to destroy the wooden ships of the Union navy with thei iron rams and large caliber guns. they were more dangerous and swift than the Alabama. At the last minute, the London government relented and bought the 2 ships for the Royal Navy.

Morrell Tariff Act

Passed by the Congress 1857. It increased the exsisting duties 5-10%. They were pushed sharply upward by the necessities of war. They were designed to raise additional revenue and to provide more protection for the properous manufacturers who were being plucked by the new intenal taxes. They became identified with the Republican party.

National Banking System

System authorized by the Congress 1863 that was a financial landmark of the war. Launched party as a stimulant to the sale of government bons and to exstablish a standard bank-note currency. Turned out to be the first step taken toward a unified banking network since 1836.

Homestead Act of 1862

allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 5 years, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30. Instead of public land being sold primarily for revenue, it was now being given away to encourage a rapid filling of empty spaces and to provide a stimulus to the family farm.

Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell

America's first female physcian who helped organize the US Sanitary Commission to assist the Union armies in the field.

Clara Barton

Heroic and energetic woman who along with Dorthea Dix helped transform nursing from a lowly service into a respected profession and opened up another major sphere of employment for women in the postwar era.

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