Block 7 DWil English Vocab

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227 terms · Block 7's quizlet to study for the vocab test in Mr. Wilson's class

Ominous

1. portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious 2. having the significance of an omen.

Augury

1. the art orpractice of an augur; divination. 2. the rite or ceremony of an augur. 3. an omen, token, or indication.

Sediment

1. the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; lees; dregs. 2. Geology. mineral or organic matter deposited by water, air, or ice.

Havoc

1. great destruction or devastation; ruinous damage. 2. to work havoc upon; devastate.

Funereal

1. of or suitable for a funeral. 2. mournful; gloomy; dismal

Apostolic

1. of or characteristic of an apostle. 2. Pertaining to or characteristic of the 12 apostles. 3. derived from the apostles in regular succession. 4. of or pertaining to the pope; papal.

Prostrated

1. to cast (oneself) face down on the ground in humility, submission, or adoration. 2. to lay flat, as on the ground. 3. To throw down level with the ground. 4. to overthrow, overcome, or reduce to helplessness. 5. to reduce to physical weakness or exhaustion.

Shard

1. a fragment, esp. of broken earthenware. 2. Zoology. a. a scale. b. a shell, as of an egg or snail.

Baptistry

1. a building or a part of a church in which baptism is administered. 2. (esp.in Baptist churches) a tank for administering baptism by immersion.

Pepper cress

any pungent plant belonging to the genus Lepidium, of the mustard family, used as a potherb or salad vegetable.

Valor

boldness or determination in facing great danger, esp. in battle; heroic courage; bravery: a medal for valor.

Prudence

Careful, good judgement that allows someone to avoid danger or risk

Pontifical

1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a pontiff; papal. 2. pompous, dogmatic, or pretentious: to resent someone's pontifical manner. 3. (in the Western Church)a book containing the forms for the sacraments and other rites and ceremonies to be performed by bishops.

Obligatory

1. required as a matter of obligation; mandatory: A reply is desirable but not obligatory. 2. Incumbent or compulsory (usually fol. by on or upon) 3. Imposing moral or legal obligation; binding 4. creating or recording an obligation, as a document.

Stealthily

done, characterized, or acting by stealth; furtive: stealthy footsteps.

Disemboweling

to remove the bowels or entrails from

Seduced

To lead away from duty, accepted principles, or proper conduct

Furtive

Characterized by stealth; surreptitious

Marginal

at the outer or lower limits; minimal for requirements; almost insufficient

Consummated

To complete (a marriage) with the first act of sexual intercourse after the ceremony

Hastened

to move or act with haste; proceed with haste; hurry

Proprietress

a woman who has the exclusive right or title to something

Devastated

To lay waste; destroy

Solicitudes

an attitude expressing excessive attentiveness

Capon

A male chicken castrated when young to improve the quality of its flesh for food

Contraband

anything prohibited by law from being imported or exported

Manioc

A shrubby tropical American plant widely grown for its large, tuberous, starchy roots

Geld

to castrate (an animal, esp. a horse).

Divination

the practice of attempting to foretell future events or discover hidden knowledge by occult or supernatural means

Gestating

to carry in the womb during the period from conception to delivery

Bedecked

furnished with decorations

Scandalous

Causing scandal; shocking, Containing material damaging to reputation; defamatory- Containing defamation; injurious to reputation; calumnious; slanderous

Christened

used for the first time, named and dedicated ceremonially

Novice

A person new to a field or activity; a beginner, A person who has entered a religious order but has not yet taken final vows

Saltpeter

A transparent white crystalline compound, KNO3, used to pickle meat and in the manufacture of pyrotechnics, explosives, matches, rocket propellants, and fertilizers

Conscription

Compulsory enrollment, especially for the armed forces; draft, A monetary payment exacted by a government in wartime.

Mediator

One that mediates, especially one that reconciles differences between disputants

Cardsharp

a professional card player who makes a living by cheating at card games

Accustomed

Frequently practiced, used, or experienced; customary. Being in the habit of. Having been adapted to the existing environment and conditions.

Superfluous

Being beyond what is required or sufficient, Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate

Consecrated

declared or set apart as sacred, dedicated solemnly to a service or goal, made venerable; hallow

Formalized

given formal standing or endorsement to; make official or legitimate by the observance of proper procedure

Languid

Lacking energy or vitality; weak, Showing little or no spirit or animation, Lacking vigor or force; slow

Mother-of-pearl

The pearly internal layer of certain mollusk shells, used to make decorative objects

Organdy

A stiff transparent fabric of cotton or silk, used for trim, curtains, and light apparel

Scant

Adj. Existing or available in inadequate or barely sufficient amount, quantity, or degree; stinted in measure, not abundant.

Rigorous

Adj. severe or unbending; austere, harsh, stern; extremely strict

Enshrouding

Adj. Enveloping completely; to cover completely

Reproach

V. To object or cast up (a thing) to, or bring (up) against, a person as a fault. To upbraid, reprove, or rebuke (a person)

Predisposed

Adj. disposed or inclined beforehand; already liable or susceptible to a particular opinion, course of action, etc.

Destitute

Adj. Abandoned, forsaken, deserted; Forsaken, left friendless or helpless, forlorn.

Penury

N.The condition of being destitute; hardship, poverty, need. Dearth, deficiency, or want of something

Disembark(ed)

V.To go on shore from a ship; to land.

Demented

Adj. Out of one's mind, crazed, mad; infatuated. Affected with dementia.

Salvaged

Adj.Collected or saved from shipwreck, fire, etc.

Galleon

A kind of vessel, shorter but higher than the galley; a ship of war; the large vessels used by the Spaniards in carrying on trade with their American possessions; A great prize or catch

Conjectures

N.The interpretation of signs or omens; interpretation of dreams; divining; a conclusion as to coming events drawn from signs or omens; a forecast, a prognostication.

Mulatto

N. A person having one white and one black parent. Freq. more generally: a person of mixed race resembling a mulatto.

Papiamento

N. A Creole language based principally on Spanish and Portuguese

Cordovan

Adj. or N. Of or pertaining to Cordova; made of the leather there manufactured. A skin of this leather

Scapular

(adj.) of or pertaining to the shoulders or the scapula or scapulae; (n.) a loose, sleeveless monastic garment, hanging from the shoulders; two small pieces of woolen cloth, joined by strings passing over the shoulders, worn under the ordinary clothing as a badge of affiliation with a religious order, a token of devotion, etc; zoology :flat, triangular bone; ornithology :one of the scapular feathers

Spiritualist

(n.) an adherent of spiritualism; a person who is concerned with or insists on the spiritual side of things; (n.) the belief that the death communicate with the living as through a medium, or the practices/doctrines of those holding such a belief; a philosophy, doctrine, or religion emphasizing the spiritual aspect of being

Novice

(n.) a person who is new to the circumstances, work, etc., in which he or she is placed; beginner; a person who has been received into a religious order or congregation for a period of probation before taking vows; a person newly become a church member; a recent convert to Christianity; (n.) a person new to a field or activity, a beginner; a person who has entered a religious order but has not yet taken final vows

Marquetry

(n.) inlaid work of variously colored woods or other materials, especially in furniture

Scimitar

(n.) a curved, single-edged sword of Oriental origin

Rudimentary

(adj.) pertaining to rudiments or first principles; elementary; of the nature of a rudiment; undeveloped or vestigial, primitive; (adj.) being in the earliest stages of development; incipient; biology :imperfectly or incompletely developed

Resolute

(adj.) firmly resolved or determined; set in purpose or opinion; characterized by firmness and determination, as the temper, spirit, actions, etc.

Authoritarian

(adj.) favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom; of or pertaining to a governmental or political system, principle, or practice in which individual freedom is held as completely subordinate to the power or authority of the state, centered either in one person or a small group that is not constitutionally accountable to the people; exercising complete or almost complete control over the will of another or of others; (n.) a person who favors or acts according to authoritarian principles

Aggravated

(adj.) characterized by some feature defined by law that enhances the crime, as the intention of the criminal or the special vulnerability of the victim; (v.) to make worse or more severe, intensify, as anything evil, disorderly, or troublesome; to annoy, irritate, exasperate; to cause to become irritated or inflamed

Blennorrhea

(n.) an excessive secretion and discharge of mucus; a mucous discharge, especially from the urethra or vagina (also called gonorrhea)

Arsenic

(n.) a grayish-white element having a metallic luster, vaporizing when heated, and forming poisonous compounds; arsenic trioxide; a mineral, the native element; (adj.) of or containing arsenic

Permanganate

(n.) a salt of permanganic acid, as potassium permanganate;

Seton

(n.) a thread or the like inserted beneath the skin to provide drainage or to guide subsequent passage of a tube; (n.) "Mother Seton" :first native-born to be canonized (1975), U.S. educator, social-welfare reformer, religious leader;

Fervor

(n.) great warmth and earnestness of feeling; intense heat; ardor, passion, zeal

Misbegotten:

(adj.) unlawfully or irregularly begotten; illegitimate (e.g. child); badly conceived, made, or carried out (e.g. plan)

Unsated

(adj.) Not having been satisfied

Serviceable

(adj.) 1. Capable of or being of service; useful 2. Capable of being used, worn cleaned, repaired 3. Wearing well, durable

Illusory

(adj.)1. Causing illusion; deceptive; misleading 2. Of the nature of an illusion; unreal

Rifle

(v.)To ransack and rob; search and rob; plunder or strip bare; to steal or take away

Indulge

(v.) To yield to an inclination or desire; to yield to, satisfy, gratify

Pretexts

(n.) 1.Something that is put forward to conceal a true purpose or object; an ostensible reason; excuse 2.The misleading appearance or behavior assumed with this intention

Improvised

(adj.) Made or said without previous preparation

Precipice

(n.) 1.A cliff with a vertical, nearly vertical or overhanging face 2. A situation of great peril

Phosphorescent

(adj.) Exhibiting phosphorescence (persistent emission of light following an exposure to and removal of incident radiation)

Intermittent

(adj.) 1.Stopping or ceasing for a time 2. Alternately functioning and not functioning or alternating functioning properly and improperly

Ephemeral

(adj.) Lasting a very short time; short-lived

Seigneur

(n.) A lord esp. a feudal lord (a man of rank)

Veranda

(n.) A large, open porch, usually roofed and partly enclosed, as by a railing, often extending across the front and sides of a house; gallery

Episcopal

(adj.) 1. Of or pertaining to a bishop 2. Based on or recognizing a governing order of bishops

Threshold

(n.) 1. the sill of a doorway 2. the entrance to a house or building 3. any place/ point of entering or beginning; the outset

Vestments

n. A garment or article of clothing, esp. one of the nature of a robe or gown; A garment worn by a priest or ecclesiastic on the occasion of some service or ceremony; a priestly robe; A right or privilege with which a person or body is invested or endowed

Acolyte

n. A person who attends a priest and performs subordinate duties, as assisting at the altar, lighting and bearing candles, etc; an attendant or assistant in some ceremony, operation, or the like; (also) a devoted follower or admirer; An animal or plant, or part of one, which appears subservient to another

Peremptory

adj. leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative; imperious or dictatorial; positive or assertive in speech, tone, manner, etc; that precludes or does not admit of debate, question, etc

Carousing

n. -the act of drinking freely and repeatedly adj. - that drinks off or up, drains, quaffs, swills

Preliminary

n. - An action, measure, statement, etc., that precedes another to which it is introductory or preparatory; A trial or contest used to select the best competitors for a more important event; adj. - Preceding and leading up to the main subject or business; introductory; preparatory; adv. - By way of introduction, in advance

Magistrate

n. - A civil officer charged with the administration of the law, a member of the executive government; A civil officer exercising local judicial power; a justice of the peace; The office or dignity of magistrate; magistracy; To domineer, or behave like a master

Anterior

adj. - Of place: Fore, more to the front; opposed to posterior; Of time and progress: Going before, preceding, former, earlier, prior

Incisions

n. - The action of cutting into something; esp. into some part of the body in surgery; A deep indentation or notch having the appearance of being produced by cutting, as in the margin of a leaf or of an insect's wing, etc; The loosening and removal of obstructive or viscid humours; Incisiveness, keenness of action or apprehension; The cutting down and deepening of its channel by a river; a channel so made

Perforations

n. - A hole made by boring, punching, or piercing; (in later use) esp. each of a row of small holes punched in a sheet of paper, etc., so that a part may be torn off easily; The formation of a hole passing completely through a structure, as the wall of the stomach or intestine; A small opening or orifice in a part of the body

Transverse

v. - To pass or lie athwart or across; to cross, traverse; To turn upside down or backwards; to overturn, turn topsy-turvy; adj. - Lying across; situated or lying crosswise or athwart; esp. situated or extending across the length of something; Of kindred: Collateral, as between brothers, cousins-german, etc; adv. - In a transverse direction or position; transversely, across, athwart

Lumbar

n. - A kind of ship; - An artery, nerve, vein or vertebra situated in the loin

Morass

n. - A wet swampy tract, a bog, a marsh; an area of very wet or muddy ground; a complicated or confused situation which it is difficult to escape from or make progress through; chiefly Caribbean the aquatic plant hornwort

Gastric

adj. - Of or pertaining to the stomach; situated in, performed by or in, the stomach; of the nature of a stomach; thin, clear, almost colourless fluid, of an acid nature, secreted by certain glands in the stomach, where it is the chief agent in the process of digestion.

Thoracic

adj. - Of, pertaining to, or contained in the thorax; pectoral; - Pertaining to, attached to, or forming part of the thorax (of an insect or crustacean); Having a thorax (as a distinguishing character); belonging to the Thoracica, a sub-order of cirripeds, in which the body consists of six thoracic segments, with a rudimentary abdomen; A medicine acting on the thorax; a pectoral

Stigma

n. - A mark made upon the skin by burning with a hot iron (rarely, by cutting or pricking), as a token of infamy or subjection; a brand

Persistence

The action or fact of persisting in a particular state, opinion, purpose, or course of action, esp. despite opposition, setback, or failure; the quality or virtue of being persistent; Continued or prolonged existence or occurrence; duration; continuance; The continuance of a sensation after the stimulus which caused it is removed.

Diuretics

adj. Having the quality of exciting (excessive) excretion or discharge of urine; of persons: Urinating excessively; A substance having the property of promoting excretion or evacuation of urine.

Pestilentia

carrying, producing, or tending to produce pestilence or epidemic disease, esp. bubonic plague; unhealthy; (of a disease) infectious, epidemic; of the nature of, symptomatic of, or relating to pestilence or epidemic disease, esp. bubonic plague. used against plague or pestilence; infected with plague or pestilence.

Clannish

of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a clan; having the sympathies, prejudices, etc. of a clan; attached to one's own clan.

Oregano

More fully Mexican oregano. Any of several tropical American shrubs of the genus Lippia (family Verbenaceae), esp. L. graveolens; (also) the aromatic leaves of these shrubs, used as a seasoning; Any of various herbs of the genus Origanum (family Lamiaceae (Labiatae)), esp. O. vulgare (also called wild marjoram). Also: the aromatic leaves of these herbs, used as a seasoning.

Rustic

Adj. Of or pertaining to the country (as opposed to the town); found in the country; in names of plants, animals, insects, etc; of persons: Living in the country as opposed to the town; following country occupations; of peasant or agricultural stock or condition.

Inconceivable

That cannot be conceived or realized in the imagination; unthinkable, unimaginable, incredible. Often with exaggerative force for 'hardly credible', 'incalculable', 'extraordinary', of things which transcend common experience

Pastoral

A person or thing associated with spiritual care; a letter from a spiritual pastor; a person or thing associated with the tending of livestock; a literary work portraying rural life or the life of shepherds, esp. in an idealized or romantic form; a rural and idyllic scene or picture; with it. To play at being a shepherd or shepherdess.

Reprisals

(Without article or plural.) The act or practice of seizing by force the property (or persons) of subjects of another nation, in retaliation for loss or injury suffered from these or their countrymen; letters (or commission) of reprisal, an official warrant authorizing an aggrieved subject to exact forcible reparation from the subjects of another state; an act or instance of seizing property or persons belonging to another state by way of indemnity or recompense for loss sustained; the taking of a thing as a prize

Centenarian

of the age of a hundred years; Of or belonging to a centenary celebration; a person a hundred years old.

Matriarch

A woman who is the head of a family, household, or tribe; a woman having the status corresponding to that of a patriarch; a venerable old woman.

Prodigios

Of the nature of an omen; portentous; that causes wonder or amazement; marvellous, astonishing. Also in an unfavourable sense: appalling; expressing astonishment or dismay; of a person: exceptionally or precociously talented; unnatural, abnormal; freakish; of great size, extent, amount

Infusion

The action of pouring in (a liquid), or fact of being poured in; that which is poured in; the action of infusing some principle, quality, or idea, into the mind, soul, or heart; Infused temperament; character imparted by nature; the action of infusing or introducing a modifying element or new characteristic; an infused element, admixture, tincture

Absinthe

A highly alcoholic bitter aniseed-flavored spirit, usually green in colour, traditionally distilled from wine flavored with wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) and other herbs, and served diluted with sugared water; the yellow-green colour of this spirit

Irreparable

Not reparable; that cannot be rectified, remedied, or made good; Incapable of being repaired

Succumbed

1. To bring down, bring low, overwhelm 2. To sink under pressure or give way to superior force, authority

Pernicious

1. Of a disease: extremely severe or harmful, life-threatening, fatal 2. Rapid, swift, nimble (Context)

Squalid

1. Naturally foul and repulsive by the presence of slime, mud, etc., and the absence of all cultivation or care 2. Foul through neglect or want of cleanliness; repulsively mean and filthy

Lyricism

1. Lyric character or style; the pursuit or eulogy of the same; (with pl.), a lyrical expression or characteristic. Occas. (after F. lyrisme), affectation of high-flown sentiment or poetic enthusiasm

Decrepit

1. (n) Of living beings (and their attributes): Wasted or worn out with old age, decayed and enfeebled with infirmities; old and feeble.

Lagoon

1. (n) An area of salt or brackish water separated from the sea by low sand-banks or a similar barrier. 2. (n) In Tuscany, the basin of a hot spring from which borax is obtained (context). 3. (v) To treat (by oxidation) in lagoons

Filched

1. To beat, strike. 2. To steal, esp. things of small value; to pilfer. Occas. in weaker sense: To take away surreptitiously.

Perplexed

1. Of a person: troubled by deep uncertainty, esp. because of a complicated or unexplained matter; confused, baffled, bewildered, confounded. Of a state, act, etc.: characterized by, or expressive of, such uncertainty. Formerly also: troubled; distressed, afflicted, tormented. 2. Of a situation, condition, etc.: complicated, confused, involved. Of language, an account, etc.: causing confusion, difficulty, or doubt because of its complexity; unnecessarily complicated or elaborate

Enigma

1. A short composition in prose or verse, in which something is described by intentionally obscure metaphors, in order to afford an exercise for the ingenuity of the reader or hearer in guessing what is meant; a riddle. 2. Something as puzzling as an unsolved problem.

Rigor

1. A sudden chill, esp. one accompanied with fits of shivering which immediately precedes certain fevers and inflammations

Untrammeled

Not limited or restricted; unrestrained

Diligence

1. Constant and earnest effort to accomplish what is undertaken; persistent application and endeavour; industry, assiduity. 2. constant and earnest effort to accomplish what is undertaken; persistent exertion of body or mind

Improbable

not likely to be true; not easy to believe; unlikely

Accomplices

a person who knowingly helps another in a crime or wrongdoing, often as a subordinate.

Oblique

1. Having a slanting direction or position; not vertical or horizontal; diverging from a straight line or course. 2. Neither perpendicular nor parallel to a given like or surface; slanting; sloping.

Impassively

(adj) 1. without emotion; apathetic; unmoved 2. Calm; serene 3. Unconscious; insensible 4. Not subject to suffering

Perplexity

(noun) 1. The state of being perplexed; confusion; uncertainty 2. Something that perplexes 3. A tangled, involved, or confused condition or situation

Imputed

(adj) estimated to have a certain cash value, although no money has been received or credited

Bewilderment

(noun) 1. Bewildered state 2. A confusing maze or tangle, as of objects or conditions

Cynicism

(noun) 1. Cynical disposition, character, or belief 2. A cynical remark 3. Any of the doctrines or practices of the cynics

Feigned

(adj) 1. Pretended; sham; counterfeit 2. Assumed; fictitious 3. Disguised

Apparition

(noun) 1. A supernatural appearance of a person or thing 2. Anything that appears, esp. something remarkable or startling 3. An act of appearing; manifestation 4. The appearance or time when a comet, esp. a periodic one, is visible

Vestments

(noun) 1. A garment, esp. an outer garment 2. Attire; clothing 3. An official or ceremonial robe 4. One of the garments worn by the clergy and their assistants, choristers during divine service and on other occasions; one of the garments worn by the celebrant, deacon, and subdeacon during the celebration of the Eucharist 5. Something that clothes or covers like a garment

Haggard

(adj) 1. Having a gaunt, wasted, or exhausted appearance, as from prolonged suffering, exertion, or anxiety; worn 2. Wild; wild-looking 3. Untamed

Insolent

(adj) boldly rude or disrespectful; contemptuously impertinent; insulting (noun) an insolent person

Uplander

(noun) 1. Land elevated above other land 2. The higher ground of a region or district; an elevated region 3. Land or an area of land lying above the level where water flows or where flooding occurs

Utilitarian

(adj) 1. Pertaining to or consisting in utility 2. Having regard to utility or usefulness rather than beauty, ornamentation 3. Pertaining to or adhering to the doctrine of utilitarianism (noun) an adherent of utilitarianism

Providential

(adj) 1. Pertaining to or resulting from divine providence 2. Opportune, fortunate, or lucky

Caftan

(noun) 1. A long garment having long sleeves and tied at the waist by a girdle, worn under a coat in the Middle East 2. A long, full, usually collarless robe with wide sleeves that is worn at home for lounging or entertaining or at the beach as a cover-up

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