FRA 6th grade Jews/Hebrews

48 terms by ryschell 

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monotheism

belief in only one God

Masada

Mountain fortress that 1,000 Zealots locked themselves in during the revolt against the Romans

Exodus

The journey of Moses leading the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt

Second Temple

Was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70 as part of the defeat of the Jewish revolt

Othodox Jews

Todays Jews who strictly follow the Mosaic law

Rabbis

Jewis religious teaches

Ten Commandments

Code of moral laws given to Moses by God

Zealots

This group did not think that Jews should answer to anyone but God

Talmud

A set of commentaries, stories and lessons for everyday life. These writing were written by scholars to help explain the Torah

Torah

The most sacred text of Judaism; it is not to be touched

Synagogue

Jewish house of worship

Passover

Is a time for Jews to remember the Exodus; Jews eat flat bread and have a meal called Seder

High Holy days

The two most sacred of all Jewish holidays; includes Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipper

Dead Sea Scrolls

Writting by jews who lived about 2000 years ago. Scholars have learned about the lives of the early Jews with these.

Reformed Jews

Jews that chose not to follow as many of the ancient laws

Yahweh

Hebrew name for God

Diaspora

Scattering of Jews around the world

Moses

Led the Hebrews on Exodus out of slavery in Egypt

Abraham

Led the Hebrews out of Mesopotamia to Cannon

Exodus

The journey of Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt

Prophets

People who are said to receive messages from God that are to be taught to others

Sabbath

Day of rest, the 7th day

Judaism

First religion to practice monotheism

Ashkenzim

Jewish culture of Germany and France; spoke the language of Yiddish

Sephardim

Jewish culture of Spain and Portugal

40 Years

How long did the Jews wander in the dessert with Moses?

Saul

1st King of Israel; not a very strong king

David

Became King after Saul; good military skills; loved by his people; Goliath; established Jerusalem as the captial

Soloman

King David's son; expanded the kingdom, built the 1st great temple

Israel and Judah

The 2 kingdoms that developed after the revolts after King Soloman's death; people of Judah became known as Jews

Babylonian Captivity

The Chaldeans took over Judah and destroyed the temple and march thousands of people to Babylon to work as slaves; last 50 years

Maccabees

Jewish family that led a successful revolt in 160 BC

Miriam

Moses sister; great spiritual leader

Ruth

an example of how women should behave because of her devotion

Queen Esther

great military and political leader

Yiddish

Eastern European Jews language that developed due to the spreading of Jews all over the world

Ashkenazim

Eastern European Jews who had communities separate from non-Jewish neighbors

Sephardim

Jews who spread to Spain, Portugal, and Western Europe and live in mixed communities with non-Jews

Seder

a meal where Jews reflect on the events of Exodus and eat matzo

Matzo

a flat, unrisen bread eaten during Passover

Rosh Hashana

1st of the high holy days and the beginning of the new year

Yom Kipper

holiest day of the year; Jews ask God to forgive their sins and they fast

Hanukkah

falls in december and honors the rededication of the Second Temple with oil; Jews celebrate with 8 candles now

kindness

justice means this to Jews

proper

to Jews, righteousness refers to behaving this way even if others are not

3 texts with Jewish beliefs

Torah, Hebrew Bible, Commentaries

Mosaic Law

Jews believe Moses recorded a whole set of laws from GOd other than the 10 commandments called this; they guide the everyday lives of the Jewish people

Hebrew Bible

called the Tanach; what we consider the Old Testament

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