Ch. 13 Middle Ages Vocabulary

30 terms by WSIWyatt Plus

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medieval

latin for "Middle Ages"

Middle Ages

the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance

Dark Ages

the first part of the Middle Ages from 500 to 1000 C.E.; the period of european history from the fall of the roman empire to about the end of the tenth century.

Treaty of Verdun

843 Treaty that ended power struggle of Charlemagne's 3 sons after his death and split Franks into 3 kingdoms

curriculum

course of academic studies

feudalism

loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord

feudal contract

the exchange of pledges between a lord and his vassal.

vassals

lesser lords who pledged their service and loyalty to a greater lord

fief

land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service

serf

a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord

manor

A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.

chivalry

Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages

knight

mounted warrior of the Middle Ages

tournament

mock battles used as practice to keep knights ready for battle

sacraments

the sacred rituals of the Church

papacy

office of the Pope

interdict

excommunication of an entire town, kingdom, or region

canon law

Church law

secular

worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion

friar

a wandering monk devoted to teaching and works of charity

three-field system

system of farming where the land is divided into 3 sections and one section is always left fallow

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

charter

written document given by a king that set out the rights and privileges of the town in return for taxes

capital

money or investment used to start a business

usury

The practice of lending money for interest.

guild

a medieval organization of people in the same craft or trade

Clovis

King of Franks who converted to Christianity; ruled lands in Frankish custom but kept Roman legacy

Magyars

nomadic Muslims who attacked Europe and converted to Christianity and established Hungary

Vikings

Invaders of Europe that came from Scandinavia

Islamic Moors

Muslims who lived in Spain

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