latin for "Middle Ages"
the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance
the first part of the Middle Ages from 500 to 1000 C.E.; the period of european history from the fall of the roman empire to about the end of the tenth century.
Treaty of Verdun
843 Treaty that ended power struggle of Charlemagne's 3 sons after his death and split Franks into 3 kingdoms
course of academic studies
loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord
the exchange of pledges between a lord and his vassal.
lesser lords who pledged their service and loyalty to a greater lord
land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages
mounted warrior of the Middle Ages
mock battles used as practice to keep knights ready for battle
the sacred rituals of the Church
office of the Pope
excommunication of an entire town, kingdom, or region
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion
a wandering monk devoted to teaching and works of charity
system of farming where the land is divided into 3 sections and one section is always left fallow
left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season
written document given by a king that set out the rights and privileges of the town in return for taxes
money or investment used to start a business
The practice of lending money for interest.
a medieval organization of people in the same craft or trade
King of Franks who converted to Christianity; ruled lands in Frankish custom but kept Roman legacy
nomadic Muslims who attacked Europe and converted to Christianity and established Hungary
Invaders of Europe that came from Scandinavia
Muslims who lived in Spain