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Health Triangle

balance between physical, mental, and social health

Physical Health

refers to how well your body functions

Components of Physical Health

exercise, nutrition sleep, free of alcohol & drugs, weight management

Mental Health

the ability to accept yourself and others, express and manage emotions, and deal with the demands and challenges you meet in your life

Components of Mental Health

learning, stress management, mental illnesses or disorders

Social Health

refers to how well you get along with others

Components of Mental Health

Public health, family relationships, peer relationships

Wellness

an overall state of well-being, or total health

Health

the general condition of body and mind

Prevention

practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury

Influences on Health

Heredity, Environment, Peers and Social Environment, Culture, Attitude, Behavior, Media, Technology

Heredity

the passing of traits from parents to offspring

Environment

all of the surrounding things, conditions, and influences affecting the growth or development of living things.

Culture

the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization

Attitude

a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways

Behavior

manner of acting or conducting yourself

Media

term applied to agencies of mass communication, such as newspapers, magazines, and telecommunications

Technology

the ways in which people apply knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs

5 Components of Fitness

Cardiorespiratory Endurance
Muscular Strength
Muscle Endurance
Flexibility
Body Composition

Physical Activity

any form of movement that causes your body to use energy

Physical Fitness

the ability to handle the physical demands of everyday life without becoming overly tired

Sedentary Lifestyle

a way of life that involves little physical activity

Diabetes

serious disorder that prevents the body from converting food into energy

Osteoporosis

a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, producing porous and fragile bones

Metabolism

process by which your body gets energy from food

Cardiorespiratory Endurance

the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to utilize and send fuel and oxygen to the body's tissues during long periods of moderate-to-vigorous activity

Muscular Strength

the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort

Muscle Endurance

the ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued

Flexibility

the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion

Body Composition

the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue, including muscle, bone, water, and connective tissue such as ligaments, cartilage, and tendons

Measure for Muscular Endurance

Mile Run
Pacer

Measure for Muscular Strength

Push Up Test

Measure for Muscular Endurance

Sit-up Test

Measure for Flexibility

Sit-and-reach

Measure for Body Composition

Skinfold Test

Aerobic Exercise

all rhythmic activities that use large muscle groups for an extended period of time

Anaerobic Exercise

exercise that uses a lot of oxygen in a short period of time and faster than your body can supply it.

Isometric Exercise

activity that uses muscle tension to improve muscular strength with little or no movement of the body part

Example of Isometric Exercise

pushing against a wall or any other immovable object

Isotonic Exercise

activity that combines muscle contraction with repeated movement

Example of Isotoic Exercise

doing calisthenics, push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups; using a rowing machine

Isokinetic Exercise

exercise that involves moving a muscle through a range of motion against a resistance that changes

Example of Isokinetic Exercise

using a stationary bike or treadmill designed to control resistance and speed

Overload

working the body harder than it is normally worked

Progression

the gradual increase in overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness

Specificity

particular exercises and activities improve particular areas of health-related fitness

warm-up

an activity that prepares the muscles for work

workout

the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit

F.I.T.T

frequency, intensity, time, type

Frequency

how often you do the activity each week

Intensity

how hard you work at the activity per session

Time

how much time you devote to a session

Type

which activities you select

cool-down

an activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state

resting heart rate

the number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active

target heart rate zone

a heart rate range within which the most gains in cardiorespiratory health will occur

Risk Behaviors

actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others

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