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test 2

in spongy bone the trabeculae are filled with

bone marrow

particle older osteons can be found between complete newer osteons. these partial osteons are referred to as

interstitial

bones that are longer than they are wide are classified as

long bones

the cell bodies of osteocytes are found in compact bone within tiny spaces are

lacane

the shaft of a long bone

disphysis

in the spongy bone____ are lined up along the bones lines of stress

trabeculae

mature bone cells, called_________ are found within lacunae of compact bones

osteoclast

during ossification osteoid tissue intramembraneis deposited by cells called

osteoblasts

name the type of ossification that forms the flat bones of the skull

intramembraneous ossification

the process in which the dense regular connective tissue hardens to form bone as a result of deposition of calcium phosphate and other minerals

mineralization

the structural material which is replaced with bone during endochondral ossification

hyaline cartilage

metaphysics of the bone

transitional area between the diaphysis and epiphysis

Degenerative Bone disease characterized by loss of bone mass and increased risk of fracture

Osteoporosis

In order for minerals such as calcium and phosphate to be liberated into the blood stream

resorption

calcium-phosphate salt that mineralizes bone tissue is called

hydroxapitate

the matrix of bone tissue that consists mainly of_____ material

inorganic

calcium-phosphate salt that mineralizes bone tissue is called

hydroxapitate

T or F: spongy bone is primarily made up of osteons

false

bone marrow fills the spaces between trabeculae in _____ bone

spongy

the embryonic connective tissue that will give rise to all connective tissue is

mesenchyme

two additional terms that mean myeloid

red bone marrow and hemopietic tissue

the bone tissue that is made up of parallel osteons that are tightly packed together and covers the surface of most bones

compact bone

the carpal bones of the wrists are classified as

short bones

the layer of reticular connective tissue lining internal surfaces of the bone

endosteum

the type of bone tissue found in the interior or flat bones and epiphyses:

spongy bone

the portion of the bone matrix that consists of proteins such as collagen is referred to as the:

organic matrix

a fracture in which the bone end protrudes throught the skin and requires surgery is know as:

compound fracture

mass of clotted blood in the tissue is called

hematoma

the ions need by osteblasts for deposition into the bone matrix, come from the blood

phosphate and calcium

transitional area between the shaft and the cartilaginous heard of a developing long bones. its also called the epiphyseal or growth plate

metaphysis

the _____ is the name of the dense connective tissue fund covering and surrounding cartilage

perichondrium

in compound bone, remnants o old oteons can be seen between complete osteons these are called

interstitiual lamellae

fatty bone marrow that no longer produces blood cells is called

yellow bone marrow

a low blood calcium level stimulates the release of

parathyroid hormone

bones that have elaborate shapes are classified as

irregular bones

due to abnornam levels of calcium the condition called _____ is characterized by reduced excitability of the nervous and muscular systems

hypercalcemia

articular cartilage consist of _____ cartilage

hyaline

the arrangement of bone tissue within the flat bones of the skull is called

diploe

another name for the perforating canal is

Volkman canal

comminuted fracture

a fracture in which the bone is broken into two or more pieces

the_________ is found between epiphysis and diaphysis in pre-pubertal youth and is the sire of bone elongation

epiphyseal plate

in adults, the remnant of the growth plate is called the

epiphyseal line

bones are classified as one of the four types, based on their shapes. the bones of the roof of the cranium are examples the bones shape called

flat bones

the layers of bony matrix arranged around the central canal of an osteon are called

concentric lamellae

the _____canals are the channels running perpendicular to the central canals and provide blood supply from the nutrient foramina to central canals

perforating

nutrient foramen

an opening into surface of a bone which allows passage of blood vessels into bone tissue

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