a fine yellow soil; gives the Huang He (Yellow River) its color
a (usually complicated) system of government organization
the belief that plants, animals, and the universe have souls; spirits inhabit things like the river and the wind.
a long wall or embankment to prevent flooding
Animal bones or turtle shells that people believed could tell the future
Mandate of Heaven
The god-given right to rule China
Yellow River; also called "China's Sorrow" because it wipes out villages when it floods
Earliest dynasty--known for its bronze work
Dynasty that overthrew the Shang; Ruled under the Mandate of Heaven
Shi Huang di (Qin)
1st Emperor of China; had the Terra Cotta army built for his tomb
working for the government (but not in the military)
Deceased family members that are very important to the Chinese; they often prayed to ancestors
To which dynasty did China's first emperor belong?
The Qin (Chin) Dynasty
How did people from the Han dynasty get government jobs?
They had to take civil service exams to prove their ability
The trade route between China and Europe; it's how silk got out of China
crossbow; gun powder; compass; paper; paper money; ship's rudder; pasta; porcelain
being a dutiful child; honoring/revering one's parents
the balance of the opposite forces of nature (light/dark; male/female; good/evil)
Chinese philosopher; taught about Daoism (following the way of nature) and yin/yang
Lao Tzu's philosophy: The Dao = The Way; The belief that people should follow the way of nature to achieve harmony
Chinese Philosopher; taught about filial piety and understanding the 5 Basic Relationships
5 Basic Relationships
Ruler and Subject
Husband and Wife
Parent and Child
Elder Sibling and Younger Sibling
Friend and Friend (only = relationship
Emperor Qin's belief about gov't: following the laws is far more important than family, love, etc. Strict punishment is the only way to ensure that people follow the laws.
system of government by one person with absolute power
language that is particular to a specific region
Dynasty that spawned the first emperor of unified China--this dynasty built the Great Wall and the Terra Cotta Warriors.
Dynasty that overthrew the Qin dynasty. Set up a system of civil service and gave us paper and porcelain.
Symbol of Chinese emperors; from Shang belief that a kindly dragon lived in the rivers and seas.
The Lord-On-High, ruler of the universe, supposed to control human destiny and the forces of nature; priests arranged for sacrifices, supreme ancestor to the Chinese. Name means "Shang God."