Left England due to persecution and to reform/simplify worship.
Salem Witch Trials
In 1692 20 people executed as witches.
Early form of democracy; let people meet/discuss issues.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Plan of government for Connecticut in which all men who owned property could vote and limited the governor's power (representative government)
First governing document for Plymouth colony signed by men who came over on Mayflower. Provided a framework for governing the colony. People agreed to abide by laws for the good of the colony. Beginning of government by the people in the new world.
English Bill of Rights
1689 document that guaranteed the rights of English citizens.
Religious movement that forced colonists to be more tolerant and split religious groups.
Person who leans a trade or craft from a master.
Movement in Europe in the 1600s and 1700s that emphasized the use of reason.
House of Burgesses
First representative body in the new world
Act of Toleration
1649 Maryland law that provided religious freedom for all Christians.
English colony in which king gave land to proprietors in exchange for money.
A colony under the direct control of the English crown.
Treated enslaved Africans as property instead of humans - laws that controlled the lives of enslaved Africans and denied them basic rights.
House of Lords and House of Commons
Crop sold for money at market.
Protestant reformers who believe in the equality of all people.
Theory that a nation's strength came from keeping a strict control over its colonial trade and that colonies should benefit the mother country. Export more than it imports.
Colonial trade route between New England, the West Indies and Africa. 1. NE to WI (fish for sugar/molasses) 2. NE to Africa. (guns/cloth for slaves) 3. Africa to WI (slaves for molasses.)
Series of English laws in the 1650s that regulated trade between England and its colonies. Only English ships could carry goods to/from colonies and only certain goods could go to England (to promote jobs) - Tobacco and Cotton.
Effects of Navigation acts
Helped England gain wealth, helped colonists prosper; some resented the acts because they favored England.
A document also called the great charter. Stated that kings could not raise taxes without consulting the 1. council of nobles and 2. church leaders.
Willingness to let people practice their own religion.
Each colony has its own government, governor and laws.
Group of people who made laws including an upper and lower house. Upper house appointed and lower is elected. Right to approve taxes.
1720 Christian white men over the age of 21. Voters had to own property.
English man who believed people gained knowledge by observing and experimenting
Used reason to improve the world, lightening rod, bifocals.
Founder of Pennsylvania who was a Quaker
Settled Georgia as a place where debtors could make a fresh start.
Founded Maryland and wanted to give Catholics a place to worship freely.
Founder of Deleware and NY.
Founder of Plymouth
Founders of New Hampshire
Given NJ by Duke of York
Englishman who during great awakening called on colonist to examine their lives and listen to the teachings of the bible or they would enter hell.
Given NJ by Duke of York
John Peter Zenger
published article that criticized the governor and was tried for libel - found not guilty promoted freedom of the press.
Founder of Connecticut - left Mass because felt governor of Mass had too much power.
Questioned Ministers' teachings and was forced out MASS BAY colony to RI - became a symbol for religious freedom.
Leader of puritans and first govenor of Mass Bay Colony.
Founder of Rhode Island because he believed Massachusettes church had too much power - believed in separation of church and state and religious tolerance.
Leader of Jamestown who kept colony together until 1608, Befriended the indians, and strictly disciplined the people of Jamestown, which helped them get through starving time
Female Indian who befriended John Smith
Separatists who wanted to separate themselves from the Church of England (Radical puritans)
Native Americans who helped pilgrims plant in Plymouth.
North Carolina founders-
8 english nobles-lords proprietors
South Carolina Founders
8 english nobles-lords proprietors
Years of Colonial Period
1630 - 1675
Settled in 1620 - pilgrims came to find religious freedom.
Reason Massachusettes settled-
Founded by Thomas Hooker for religious freedom.
Date Massachusettes Bay settled
Factor that played major part in founding of colonies
Left England due to persecution and hoped to reform and simplify worship.
Reason for Unrest in MASS Bay
inability to vote and resulting taxes and laws
Between 1629 and 1640 15,000 people came from England to Mass.
Characterized by tightly knit towns as a result of people worshipping together.
New England colonies
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, RI, CT
First permanent settlement in America settled in 1607.
Hardships, Swampy site, impure water, disease, malaria, starvation
The middle colonies
new york, new jersey, pennsylvania, delaware
Colonies known as the bread basket
Weak Governor of New Netherlands who lost NY to the Duke of York.
Name given to New Netherlands by the English.
settled by the Dutch as a trading center (beaver/furs) and granted religious freedom.
Formed when Duke of York gave land to Lord Berkeley and George Carteret because he thought NY was too big. NJ was a proprietary colony.
owners of huge estates in New Netherlands.
Grew out of Pennsylvania because of their distance from Philadelphia.
Economic factors in Middle Colonies: farming, crafts, manufacturing and mining.
Middle Colonies economy-
Agriculture and part industrial
Maryland, Virginia, NC, SC and Georgia
First colony, settled for Trade and farming
Last colony settled - place for debtors to seek relief.
Mason Dixon line
Line that separated middle colonies from southern colonies.
A place where catholics could worship freely.
Rise of plantations (large farms), indigo, tabacco and cotton.
Crop used for dying clothes
Reason for slavery
planters needed large numbers of workers to grow rice.
Founded by James Oglethorpe as a place where people in debt could get relief.
Reason Georgia settled-
Profit; buffer against Spanish Florida; home for debtor
upper class such as royals or lawyers
farmers and craftsmen
Upper House of legislature
Lower House of legislature