Imperialism, Progressive Reform and World War I

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Theodore Roosevelt

26th President of the United States hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration; said 'Speak softly but carry a big stick' (1858-1919)

Yellow Journalism

comes from a comic strip which refers to sensational headlines which attract readers

Progressive reformer

people who attempted to reform issues such as labor, health, safety

Rough Riders

volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War

Unterseeboot

A German submarine, a terrifying new weapon for naval warfare.

Womens Suffrage

women being able to vote

Zimmerman Note

Written by Arthur Zimmerman, a german foreign secretary. In this note he had secretly proposed a German- Mexican alliance. He tempted Mexico with the ideas of recovering Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The note was intercepted on March 1, 1917 by the U.S. government.

League of Nations

an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations

Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States Ex. led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856-1924)

W.E.B Dubois

He believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately. He helped found the Niagara Movement in 1905 to fight for equal rights. He also helped found the NAACP.

Joseph Pulitzer

United States newspaper publisher who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911)

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.

Imperialism

an attempt by a nation to create empires by dominating another nation economically, politically, or militarily

Dollar Diplomacy

President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad

Open Door Policy

Foreign policy that stated all countries should have equal commercial and industrial trade rights

Roosevelt Corollary

Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force

muckracker

writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life.

U.S.S Maine

Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War

doughboy

an American infantryman in World War I

Jim Crow Laws

Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites

Treaty of Versailles

Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.

Jacob Riis

muckraker and photographer who wanted to show how the poor and homeless lived

Jane Addams

Founder of the Hull House. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.

Ida Tarbell

A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.

Henry Cabot Lodge

conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations

Carrie Chapman Catt

Spoke powerfully in favor of suffrage, worked as a school principal and a reporter ., became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspiried speaker and abrilliant organizer. Devised a detailed battle plan for fighting the war of suffrage.

attrition

a gradual reduction or weakening

jingoism

swelling of national pride and an aggressive foreign policy that began before the Spanish American War

sphere of influence

the geographical area in which one nation is very influential

San Juan Hill

Site of the most famous battle of the Spanish-American war, where Theodore Roosevelt successfully leads the Rough Riders in a charge against the Spanish trenches

Buffalo Soldiers

Nickname for African-American soldiers who fought in the wars against Native Americans living on the Great Plains during the 1870s

Social Darwinism

The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.

annexation

the addition of new land or territory to an existing country

Bull Moose party

3rd party independent in 1912 election

Lusitania

American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI

Robert LaFollete

Battling Bob. He brought the state legislature under his control and enacted a wide range of progressive measures.

Upton Sinclair

author who wrote a book about the horrors of food productions in 1906 - wrote The Jungle

William Randolph Hearst

A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."

William Howard Taft

27th President of the United States and later chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1857-1930)

Alice Paul

head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. She opposed legislation protecting women workers because such laws implied women's inferiority. Most condemned her way of thinking.

Futility

useless or pointless

Why did many want to expand past U.S borders

Everybodys doing it, U.S economy was ready for expansion and U.S population was ready to expand to new markets and greater wealth

What were the causes of the Spanish American War

The explosion of the U.S.S Maine in Havana Cuba

What were the results of the Spanish American War

Spanish were defeated, they recognized Cuba's independence, Spain gives the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico to the U.S

How did the U.S take control over Hawaii

due to annexation

Why was the building of the panama canal so significant

It was a quicker and better trade route

What were the beliefs and issues of the Progressive Reformers

Fix political corruption, make workplaces better, form unions.

Why were Progressive journalists labeled muckrakers by Theodore Roosevelt

Tried to get rid of political corruption through journalism

What did President Roosevelt accomplish during his presidency

Fight for miners rights, the Pure food and drug act, meat inspection act, initiated 42 antitrust acts, created U.S forest service, national forests.

How did Taft continue Roosevelts program

initiated 90 antitrust cases and reserved more land

How did President Roosevelt handle the mineworkers strike in 1902

agreed to a 10% raise but the union was not recognized

What was Woodrow Wilson campaigning platform in 1912

enforce antitrust laws and maintain free economic competition

What caused the start of world war I

the assassination of arch duke Ferdinand

What was the slogan that helped get wilson reelected in 1916

He kept us out of the war

Why was the U.S slow to become involved in World War I

they had no valid reason until the Zimmerman note came up

Why did many Americans regard the Germans as cold-hearted and sinister during World War I

they saw so much propaganda

How did weapons technology change in World War I

more advance

What was Wilsons plan for peace after World War I

treaty of Versailles

What were the results of World War I

surrender of German colonies, return of Alsace-Lorraine to France, German reparations, limits on German army and navy

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