Investigating God's World 5th Grade Chapter 2

100 terms by CaseyHumphrey

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Echidnas

egg laying mammals

Insectivores

mammals that eat insects

Nocturnal

active at night

Herbivores

plant eating mammals

Vertebrate

any animal with a spine or backbone

Habitat

place where an animal prefers to live

Hibernate

to stay inactive in the winter

Blubber

layer of fat; keeps sea animals warm

Marsupials

mammals that have a special pouch where young finish developing

Incisors

these keep growing in a rodent

Bubonic Plague

disease carried by fleas on rats

Domesticated

tamed animal

Bat

only flying mammal

Aardvark

sticky tongue for eating termites

Platypus

can find underwater insects with my sensitive bill; lays eggs

Shrew

must eat almost 24 hr a day to stay alive

Mole

have tiny ears and eyes, large paws; spends most time underground; ruins lawns with it burrows

Rabbit

has large incisors but is not a rodent; often a pet

Kangaroo

hopping marsupial from Australia

Characteristic of mammals

warm-blooded

Characteristic of mammals

have backbone

Characteristic of mammals

produce milk

Characteristic of mammals

breathe with lungs

Characteristic of mammals

have hair

Characteristic of mammals

most have four limbs

Characteristic of mammals

most give birth to live young

Pelts

animal skins

Carnivores

meat eaters

Canines

scientific name for dogs

Stalk

sneak up on

Eyeshine

glow of a cat's eyes in the dark

Purebred

an animal whose mother and father are the same breed

Instinct

inherited behavior pattern

Felines

scientific name for cats

Intelligence

the ability to learn a behavior

Characteristic of cats

retractile front claws

Characteristic of cats

whiskers

Characteristic of cats

rough toungue

Characteristic of cats

padded feet

Chase their prey

the way a dog hunts

Stalk and Pounce their prey

the way a cat hunts

Characteristic of Polar Bears

ears are small and close to its head to keep them from freezing

Characteristic of Polar Bears

black skin absorbs the warmth

Characteristic of Polar Bears

feet are webbed

Characteristic of Polar Bears

clear fur

Characteristic of Polar Bears

thick layer of blubber

Balance of Nature

God's care for nature by giving it the ability to respond to change

Ruminants

clove-hoofed animals

Cuds

food balls formed by special bacteria in the rumen

Selective Breeding

the practice of choosing an animal's parents to get certain characteristics

Apes

primates without tails

Silverbacks

old male gorillas

Frogs

padded cushions on the bottom of a horse's feet that acts as a shock absorber

Foals

newborn horses

Antlers

made of solid bone; fall off in spring

New World Monkey

tail can grasp

Old World Monkey

tail cannot grasp

How a horse is helpful to man

wide back to carrying a rider

How a horse is helpful to man

large, powerful body to pull heavey loads

How a horse is helpful to man

speed and endurance for running

How a horse is helpful to man

long legs to cover alot of ground with each step

How a horse is helpful to man

large leg muscles at the top of its leg to move in big strides

How a horse is helpful to man

deep chest, large lungs, wide nostrils for large amonts of air when they run

How a horse is helpful to man

intelligence to learn and remember

How a horse is helpful to man

excellent senses of smell, hearing, and sight for awareness of the things around them

Horn

made of hollow bone covered by the same thing as fingernails, not shed each year

Five fingers

how a primate's hand is like a man's hand

Bristles

tough, short hairs found on pigs

Fur

soft, dense hair

Quills

sharp prickly hairs used for protection

Spines

harder than quills

Whiskers

long, facial hairs used for touch

Wool

very thinck, curly hair

Mammary Glands

milk-producing structures of female mammals

Rodents

largest group of mammals

Size

the major difference between a rat and a mouse

Guard Hairs

gives the dog's coat shape and texture

Tiger

the longest cat

Lion

the only cat with a mane

Jaguar

the largest cat in the Americas

Cheetah

the fastest land animal on earth

Bobcat

smaller than a lynx

Colt

young male horse

Mare

mother horse

Stallion

father horse

Filly

young female horse

Moose

the largest deer

Cattle

supply half of the world's meat

Caribou

similar to reindeer but larger

Sheep

provide man with wool

Goats

the poor man's cows

Bovids

Cattle, sheep and goats

Bighorn

mountain-dwelling sheep

Endagered Species

few of their kind exists in the wild

Extinct Species

their kind no longer exists

Domestic Animals

animals that have been trained and raised for man's use through many generations

Molars

back teeth

Scavengers

animals which et other animals that have already died

Social Animals

animals that live in groups with others of the same kind

Warmblooded

designed to maintain a relatively constant body temperature

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