Chap 14 The ancient Word

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The oldest known paintings date from about

30,000 B.C.E

The Paleolithic period is referred to as the

Old Stone Age

The purpose of the Venus of Willendorf was probably

to suggest fertility

The subject matter of Paleolithic cave paintings was

animals

Stonehenge apparently functioned as a

calendar

Sumerian votive figures had exaggerated

eyes

A stele is a

stone tablet

Hammurabi had himself portrayed with

a god

The Neo-Babylonians were famous for

the Ishtar Gate

The Egyptians usually showed relief and painted figures with

head and legs in profile, chest facing front

Hierarchical scale means that

hte main figgure is the biggest

Akhenaten's achievements include

encouraging more realism in art

The Egyptian system of government was probably influenced by

Nubia

Ancient Chinese artists were especially skilled in

bronze casting

The Olmec art included

big heads and baby figures

Minoan artists did the

Toreador Fresco

The chances that a work of art from ancient times will be found or preserved are greatly increased if

All of the above

Because they lacked stone, the ancient Sumerians built their cities of

sun-dried brick

To compensate for the natural visual distortion in which tall columns appear to bend inward, the Greeks gave them a slight bulge, which is known as

entasis

All of the following cultures were Mesopotamian Except

the Minoan

The bronze head of an Akkadian ruler is a rare example of _____ in ancient art

naturalism

The most notable example of Neolithic architecture in Europe is

Stonehenge in England

In Egyptian art, the convention of representing social importance by size, for example, where the pharach is shown much larger than his subjects, is known as

hierarchical scale

Under the reign of _____, a new, more naturalistic style of Egyptian art developed

Amenhotep IV

The earliest known writing system from which a recorded language developed was the invention of

the Sumerians

The sculpture Akhenaten and his family is an example of the _____ technique

sunken relief

King Tutankhamun's tomb was discovered in 1922 by

Howard Carter

A true arch was developed by _____ architects long before the Romans came up with the idea

Neo-Babylonian

Three majors cultures that preceded the Greeks in and around the Aegean Sea were the _____ cultures

Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean

The inner chamber of the Parthenon is called the

cella

Romans could watch gladiators fight to the death, along with other sporting events, at the

Colosseum

A prime example of art from the Hellenistic era is

the Laocoon Group

According to historians, the Roman era began in 510 B.C.E. with

the founding of the Roman Republic

Although we know almost nothing about the cuture that created them, the abstract _____ of the Cycladic culture appear extremely sophisticated for five-thousand-year old works

female nude figures

What destroyed the Roman colonies of Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 C.E.

the eruption of a volcano

The mummy of Artemidoros, from Fayum, shows the influence of the _____ culture

all of the above

The ancient cultures that we are able to examine most fully are those in which

the art has been found or preserved

The largest structure of an ancient Sumerian city was the

ziggurat

The oldest surviving set of laws from ancient Mesopotamia was recorded in

Hammurabi's code

According to the author, what distinguishes archaeology from grave robbing

All of these

Before the discovery of the Chauvet cave paintings, the oldest known painting in Europe were

the cave paintings of Lascaux

The Athenian head of state _____ was responsible for the rebuilding of the Acropolis

Perikles

The word Classical in the context of Western civilization refers to

ancient Greek and Roman culture

Roman sculptors are credited with the artistic invention of

All these answers are correct

The Great Sphinx at Giza is believed to be

an image of the pharaoh Khafre

The Parthenon was a temple built in the _____ style

Doric

From ancient Mesopotamia, the oldest surviving set of laws was recorded in

Hammurabi's code

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