Road to the American Revolution (new terms added)

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salutary neglect

Great Britain's decision to not interfere in her colony's affairs and allow them to set up their own colonial governments

French and Indian War

conflict fought in America between French and English, also known as the Seven Year's War in Europe

Albany Plan of Union

a plan for permanent unification amongst the colonies

Proclamation Act of 1763

Act passed by England prohibiting colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains

Stamp Act of 1765

Law placing a tax on all printed material in the colonies, including, but not limited to, stamps, legal documents, newspapers, playing cards, etc (with date)

Sugar Act of 1764

Law that modified the 1733 Molasses Act thus reducing the amount of taxes collected on molasses and sugar, but increasing the measures to enforce the Act (with date)

Sons of Liberty

A radical political organization formed after the passage of the Stamp Act to protest various British acts; organization used poth peaceful and violent means of protest

Declaratory Act of 1766

this Act repealed the Stamp Act, but stated that Great Britain can rule the colonies anyway she sees fit (with date)

Tea Act of 1773

Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party (with date)

Boston Massacre

a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and killed several persons.

Committee of Correspondence

colonial organization organized in 1770 to spread news of Great Britain's actions and acts throughout the colonies

Olive Branch Petition

final peace offer sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III

Loyalists

American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence

First Continental Congress

Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence

Second Continental Congress

met in 1776 organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain

Thomas Hutchinson

lieutenant governor of the Massachusetts colony who upheld the stamp act

nonimportation agreements

promising not to buy or import British goods

Samuel Adams

leader of the sons of libery

Pontiac

chief of the Ottawa tribe

Neolin

Delaware prophet

George Grenville

replaced Pitt (first time)

Quartering Act of 1765

required colonists to house and fee British troops (with date)

John Hancock

President of the first continental congress

Boston Tea Party

event in response for Britain not taking back their 3 shiploads of tea

Coercive Act of 1774

Act passed as a result of the Boston Tea Party (official British name with date)

Port Bill

Part of the Intolerable Act where port of Boston was closed until colonist paid for destroyed tea

Government Act

Part of the Intolerable Act where Massachusetts Charter was revoked

Administration of Justice Act

Part of the Intolerable Act where royal officials of Massachusetts were tried in Britain or other colonies

Quebec Act of 1774

granted full religious freedom to French Roman Catholics and overrides claims to western lands (with date)

John Dickinson

Wrote Olive Branch Petition

Hessians

mercenaries sent in response to the Olive Branch Petition

the people

"king" in a free country according to Thomas Paine

Lord North

Prime minister in 1770

Crispus Attucks

African American shot in Boston Massacre

Captain Preston

Captain of the British soldiers in the Boston Massacre

Lexington and Concord

event where British was sent to capture Adams and Hancock and to seize rebel military supply

james otis

Massachusetts delegate in the Stamp Act congress that quoted the phrase "No taxation without representation"

Midnight ride

Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott were part of this event

Hugh Montgomery

British solider assaulted in the Boston Massacre

John Lock

Inspired Thomas Jefferson in the belief that the government could only exist with the consent of the people

Richard Henry Lee

introduced a resolution in the second continental congress which was to establish a confederation of the states

Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman

Beside Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin, and John Adams, these two people also helped draft the declaration

New York

colony that was not sure about agreeing to the declaration at first due to large amounts of loyalists

slavery

topic not included in the declaration of independence due to the northern and southern colonies

Thomas Paine

Author of Common Sense

Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

The unalienable rights

Patrick Henry

quoted "Give me liberty or give me death"

Declaration of Resolves

final resolution in the first continental congress

townshend acts of 1767

taxes on common items such as tea, lead, glass, and dyes. Great Britain now payed the governors and judges of Massachussets (with date)

Pontiac's rebellion

this rebellion started because colonists broke treaties with indians, encroached on their land, and treated them differently than the French

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