Medical Assistant State Test Study Guide

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cysto-

bladder

what is the term for narrowing?

stenosis

Gastrectomy is the term for excision of the

stomach

the abbreviation meaning two times a day is?

bid

which is the correct spelling? pharengytis, pharengitis, pharyngytis, or pharyngitis

pharyngitis

a trained medical assistant is able to - function as a nurse, interpret lab results, administer IV therapy or assist with minor procedures

assist with minor procedures

a patients photo was made public without her permission. This is called - invasion of privacy, defamation, fraud, or slander

invasion of privacy

patient instruction sheets are used to

prevent misunderstanding

the best time to perform a breast exam

monthly

communication with patients can be improved by

providing privacy

hyper-

increased

nephro-

kidney

auto-

self

osteo-

bone

dys-

painful

litho-

stone

brady-

slow

chole-

gallbladder

macro-

large

gastro-

stomach

arthro-

joint

tachy-

fast

thoraco-

chest

hypo-

decrease

mammo-

breast

veno-

vein

hepato-

liver

hemo-

blood

ophthalmo-

eye

trans-

through/across

-oma

tumor

-algia

pain

-ectomy

surgical removal

-itis

inflammation

-ology

study

-emia

blood condition

-tomy

incision

-osis

abnormal condition

-megaly

enlargement

-graphy

xray exam

-phasia

speech

-scopy

examination

-gram

record

-ptosis

falling, dropping

-stasis

stopping

-plegia

paralysis

-desis

bind or tie

-phagia

swallowing

-ostomy

surgical opening

-pathy

disease

hs

at bedtime

IM

intramuscular

Hx

history

q.i.d.

four times a day

q.d.

once daily

p.c.

after meals

CC

chief complaint

CHF

congestive heart failure

RLQ

right lower quadrant

Dx

diagnosis

LMP

last menstrual period

I & D

incision and drainage

Tx

treatment

hct

hematocrit

LUQ

left upper quadrant

SOB

shortness of breath

po

by mouth

hypotension

low blood pressure

cicatrix

scar tissue

nephromegaly

enlargement of the kidney

cholelithiasis

gallbladder stones

subcutaneous

beneath the skin

maxilla

upper jaw

goiter

endocrine system disease

hematemesis

vomiting blood

capillary

smallest blood vessel

patella

kneecap

neuritis

inflammation of the nerve

myocardial infarction

heart attack

hematuria

blood in the urine

large tongue

macroglossia

syncope

fainting

cystogram

xray study of the bladder

bradycardia

slow heart beat

pleura

membrane covering the lungs

osteoporosis

loss of calcium in the bones

pruritits

severe itching

anterior

situated in front or in the forward part

distal

remote, farther from the point of origin

proximal

nearest, closer to the point of origin

peripheral

situated toward the outer part

inferior

situated below or directed downward

extension

straightening motion that increases the angle between adjoining bones

adduction

movement toward the midline

superficial

situated near the surface

ventral

pertaining to the belly

lateral

away from the midline, pertaining to a side

dorsal

pertaining to the back

medial

pertaining to the middle

superior

situated above or directed upward

plantar

referring to the sole of the foot

flexion

bending motion that decreases the angle between adjoining bones

prone

lying flat on the back

where are the lungs found?

thoracic cavity

supine

lying flat on the back

caudal

toward the tail

where is the liver found?

abdominal cavity

a physician retires without notifying his patients. The physician could be charged with

abandonment

the disposal of medical infectious waste is controlled by

CAL/OSHA regulation

a physician describes a procedure, risks and alternative treatment to a patient. this is called a

informed consent

a medical assistant who performs a procedure ordered by the physician employer is protected under what principle?

respondeat superior

a medical assistant can be required to appear in court with this document

subpoena

narcotic prescriptions are regulated by witch agency?

drug enforcement administration

a medical assistant discusses a patient by name at lunch with others in the building. The M.A. could be charged with

invasion of privacy

a patient agrees to receive a flu shot. this is an example of

consent

a method of mediating disputes between a patient and physician is called

arbitration

patient rights include this principle

confidentiality

a false statement harmful to another persons character is called

slander

a person under legal age who is self supporting and living apart from parents is called a

emancipated minor

this document is required in order to provide medical records

records release

failure to perform professional care is called

negligence

state law requires that physicians always report this condition

abuse

billing an insurance company for false charges is considered

fraud

the patients medical records belong to the

physician

the best method of preventing transmission of disease is

hand washing

the artery normally used for taking a pulse reading is

radial

an instrument used to examine the ears

otoscope

social history includes the

marital status

which of the following occurs as a urine specimen remains on the counter for a long time?

bacteria multiply

a holter monitor measures heart

rhythm

the nerve most apt to be affected during an injection in the buttock is the

sciatic

an injection into fatty tissue lying immediately under the skin is called

subcutaneous

the first and most important rule to remember in an emergency is to

stay calm

medical assistants are expected to make decisions in medical office emergencies based on their

medical knowledge

a surface free of contaminated instruments

sterile field

gloves masks and gowns are known as

person protective equipment

washing instruments to remove debris

sanitization

absence of bacteria

asepsis

bacteria that thrive in oxygen

aerobes

an organism that produces disease

pathogen

molds and yeasts are types of

fungi

instruments touched by ungloved hands are

contaminated

destruction of all microorgansisms

sterilization

how should hinged instuments be when sterilized?

open

a sterile pack containing scissors, thumb forceps and gauze squares is called a

suture removal pack

the term for removal of contaminated materials from a wound is

debridement

scrubbing the surgical site in a circular motion from the center of the edge is

surgical prep

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