Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. The Minoans engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.
On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, the Mycenaeans developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC. The Mycenaean Age lasted from 1450 AD-1100 BC
the pre-Mycenaean civilization on the Cyclades islands in the southern Aegean sea. Thrived between 3200 and 2000 BCE
Killer Volcano the erupted violently about 100 miles north of Crete in 1628 B.C. Leaving the Minoans extinct. Story of Atlantis came from this event.
Date: 2500 bc
Civilization: Aegean, Cycladic
Museum/Place: British Museum, London
1. Resembles Modern Art
2. Of a woman, like most Cycladic art
3. Probably buried resting on back
Cycladic Lyre/Harp Player
2500-2000 BCE The harpist reflects the same preference for simple geometric shapes as the female figures. The ornament at the harp's soundbox resembles animal-headed intruments in contemporary Mesopotamia. The meaning of this statue remains elusive.
Cycladic Frying Pan
Chalandriani, Syros. 2500-2200 BCE. Terra Cotta. 11" diameter.Use is unknown. Intertwined Aegean motif spirals.
Palace Of Knossos
1900 - 1375 BCE. Knossos was the capital of Minoan Crete.
, Palace of Knossos Minoan Culture on Island of Crete. Made from wood, walls from Mud brick/Stone. Use as kings residence.
originally of wood, painted red, with a plain shaft (without fluting) and topped by a simple rounded bulbous shaped capital. Its most distinctive feature is that it tapers in reverse to the custom of the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans with a narrow base widening towards the top.
the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean and site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC.
Amateur British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941). Evans was a subject of the British Crown with wealthy Victorian England values.He superimposed the idea of British monarchical society onto Minoan society.
a durable method of painting on a wall by using watercolors on wet plaster
true or wet fresco; pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster
A Secco Fresco
Paint into dry plaster usually binding the pigment with a medium such as egg tempera, glue or oil.
Minoan (New Palace) period. ca. 1550-1450 BCE. Knossos palace. 24.5" height
3 acrobats bull-leaping. Stylistic conventions of Minoan art - pinched waist, dark curly hair. Color convention for gender - white for females; red for males.
Importance of bull suggestive of religious ceremony, games, or taming/mastering of nature.
La Parisienne fresco
1400 BC. La Parisienne from the Camp-Stool fresco. Was given this name because of the elegance, elaborate coiffure and full rough lips. Thought to be a priestess or a goddess.
-ca. 1500-1450 BCE
-New Palace Period: Late Minoan
-Focus on marine life
-Docration complements form
from the palace at Knossos, Crete, Minoan, ca. 1600 BCE, Faience. This figurine may represent a priestess, but more likely a bare-breasted goddess. The snakes and feline imply that she has power over the animal world. She could also be a fertility figure.
Crete, Minoan, ca. 1500 BCE, Steatite. This is one of the first representations of the underlying muscular and skeletal structure of the human body.
Minoan metal work for Mycenaean culture. 1500. Discovered in a tomb at Vaphio. Bright gold cup. Repousse.
formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face
a vessel in the shape of a figure or an animal, used for drinking or pouring liquids on special occasions (e.g., religious rituals)
"The Fisherman of Santorini "
1200 BC. Fresco. From Akrotiri, Thera. Important for being one of the first representations of the male nude.
Bull's Head Rhyton
1550 - 1450 BCE. Minoan pouring vessel
Mussel is of inlaid shell
Eye is jasper stone and black pigment and shell
Texture in the hide, incised, and white powder would stick in the area
Opening at the neck
Citadel at Mycenae
1400 - 1200 BCE walled city with fortification.
A method of stone construction, named after the mythical Cyclopes, using massive, irregular blocks without mortar, characteristic of the Bronze Age fortifications of Tiryns and other Mycenaean sites.
an arch-like construction method in which masonry courses are corbelled, with each course projecting further out from the course below it, until they meet at the top to span a space or void in a structure
1300 BCE. Entrance to the Mycenaean citadel
vertical pits 20'-25' deep; those entombing rulers and their families were enclosed in a circle of standing stone slabs
Treasury of Atreus
Mycenaean. 1300 B.C - 1250 B.C. Material: Earthen mound, stone.
• An earthen mound covers the burial chamber
• Burial chamber is accessed through a doorway surmounted by a relieving triangle at the end of a long passageway (dromus).
• Beehive shaped tomb — composed of corbelled courses of stone blocks laid on a circular base.
Treasury of Atreus
a type of subterranean tomb of the Mycenaean civilization also called a Tholos tomb. Consisting of a domed chamber entered by a passage through a hillside. The Treasury of Atreus is a beehive tomb.
Funerary Mask of Agamemnon
1600-1500 BCE. Mycenean. Beaten gold, 1' high
Used technique called repousse (French), goldsmiths hammer the shape from a single shape of metal and push the features out from behind. Mask marks one of the first times of a human face being actual size.
a German businessman-turned-archeologist, who was convinced that certain Greek legends were based on historical events; he focused his search on the legends of the Trojan War and its heroes described in the works of Homer; in 1870, Schliemann found the site of Troy on the west coast of Turkey, and, in 1876, he located Mycenae in the northeast of the Peloponnese (the peninsula below the isthmus of Corinth which forms the southern part of Greece)