THE 101 Midterm- Foster

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Missouris State University

1. The Greek term for the "carrier of the action" in a tragedy is

Protagonist

The purging or cleansing of the audience's pity and terror at the climax of a tragedy

Catharsis

In play construction the single action that initiates the major conflict of the play si called the

Inciting Incident

4. Which element describes the play's use of rhythm and sounds, either by way of instrumental composition or the orchestration of such noises as muffled drumbeats, gunshots, special effects, and vocal tones?

Music

The practice of dividing plays genre is

always subjective because each play is unique

In a greek play the lead character that moves the action forward is opposed to a figure called the antagonist

true

In greek tragedy the central character

Undergoes a change that leads to his or her demise

Which of the following does not describe the character of a tragic hero

Allows the gods to decide his fate

9. Which element of drama refers not only to the pronunciation of spoken dialogue but also to the literary nature of the play's text, including its tone, imagery, articulation, and use of such literary forms as verse, rhyme, metaphor, jest, apostrophe, and epigram?

Diction

Theater is a thing, not an event

False

11. According to Eric Bentley, farce allows us to experience social taboos (i.e. violence without harm or brutality without reprisal) without consequence.

Farce

12. Which dramatic genre purports to be serious but, in fact, deals with human issues on only the most superficial level, embellished with spectacular staging, flamboyant dialogue, and highly suspenseful and contrived plotting?

Melodrama

The Greek philosopher Sophicles wrote the poetics in 335 BC

False

The audience is not a part of the definition of conventions of a theatre

false

Match the following parallels between theatre and life

Actors-Humanity
B. REHEARSAL- LEARNING
C. STAGE- WORLD
D. SIMULATION- REALITY
E. IMPROVISATION- SPONTANEITY
F. AUDIENCES- SOCIETY

The theaters audiences are co-creators of the theatrical event

True

The word theatre comes from the greek theatron which means

Seeing Place

18. Adult plays and children's games share the ability to help develop means of coping with life's challenges and uncertainties.

True

Which of the following is the lease correct regarding the meaning of the theatre

A paradox

The english word for person comes from the latin word

Mask

How does a theatrical performance differ from a video or a filmed performance

A. THE THEATRICAL PERFORMANCE IS LIVE, WITH THE AUDIENCE AND PERFORMERS, WHO ARE AWARE OF EACH OTHER AND MUTUALLY INTERACT IN THEIR SHARED PRESENCE.

22. Like viewers of television drama and movie-house films, theatre audiences assume an essentially one-on-one relationship with what is being viewed and do not communicate with other viewers.

False

23. Although the names and allocations of craft functions such as directing, producing, designing, and stage managing have changed over the course of the theatre's history, the functions themselves have remained fairly constant.

True

24. Although films are recorded, we perceive them as having a greater immediacy than theatre due to the fact that plays are rehearsed and repeated

False

25. While both theatre and sport are public spectacles, theatre differs from sports activities because

Theatre has a pre ordained ending

Representational performance is similar to stand up comedy

false

27. Theatre performances can elicit the audience's participation by arousing the audience the feeling of empathy

True

Drama comes from the greek dran which means

to do

29. The advantages of live performance include its two-way communication between audience and actors, unification of group responses, and live immediacy which makes every show novel and different.

True

30. Beginning with the most important, order the components of a play as listed by Aristotle as identified in the textbook.

A. PLOT, CHARACTER. THEME, DICTION, MUSIC, SPECTACLE

31. The distinctive feature of theatre, which separates it from other arts, is that theatre employs

IMPERSONATION

Which of the following is true of the relationship between the play script and the performance

A. THE SCRIPT IS A SILHOUETTE OR OUTLINE OF THE PLAY ITSELF, WHICH FULLY EXISTS IN PERFORMANCE ONLY

IN THE ANCIENT Greek theatre what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience

The actors wore masks

34. Which of the following is generally true about the differences between tragedy and comedy?

A. TRAGEDY TYPICALLY DEALS WITH GREAT PEOPLE, WHEREAS COMEDY DEALS WITH ORDINARY PEOPLE.

35. Which dramatic genre offers a wild, hilarious treatment of a trivial theme, usually based on a stock component like identical twins, switched identities, lovers in closets, and might include full-stage chases, misheard instructions, various disrobings, discoveries, and disappearances

Farce

A central character in any type of drama is called the tragic hero

false

37. The agreement between the audience and the actor, which includes a whole set of tacit understandings that form the context of playwatching, is called

Convention

The element of ___ refers to the visual aspects of the stage

Spectacle

1. When a playwright has managed to make every scene, incident, character, and word deliver an impact, he or she has satisfied the dramatic demand for

Intensity

A linear plot proceeds by

A. THE POINT-TO-POINT STORYTELLING OF EVENTS LINKED IN CHRONOLOGICAL, CAUSE-EFFECT CONTINUITY.

3. This playwright speaks of "two selves, the public and private self, the worlds that people juggle a lot of time just from being out there in the world," and whose works, such as Wrecks, reflect this statement.

Neil Labute

There is a set formula for playwriting

false

Playwright refers to

A person who constructs and composes a play as a wheelwright makes a wheel

6. According to the lecture there are seven qualities of a fine play. __________ is defined as the staged world being internally consistent and compelling

Credibility and Intrigue

One difference between the playwright in shakespeare's time and the contemporary playwright is that

A. THE PLAYWRIGHT NO LONGER FUNCTIONS AS A DIRECTOR BUT IS NOW CONSIDERED AN INDEPENDENT ARTIST.

8. A play that deals with an issue of serious and lasting significance in humanity's spiritual or intellectual life beyond the mere attempt to imitate profundity is said to possess

gravity

9. Which of the following is the most accurate statement of the audience's response to the drama?

A. INTRIGUE DRAWS US INTO THE WORLD OF THE PLAY; CREDIBILITY KEEPS US THERE.

10. According to the lecture there are seven qualities of a fine play. _______, is defined as relevance of theme to concerns of audience and current events

Gravity and pertinence

11. Which New York-born, Louisiana-raised, playwright (b. 1956) wrote a masterpiece of modern drama, Angels in America, which deals with the AIDS crisis, sexuality, gender, and politics?

Tony Kushner

Information about antecedent action is called

Exposition

All of the following are signs of good characterization except

A. THE CHARACTER APPEARS AS A PAWN IN THE PLAYWRIGHT'S GRAND DESIGN AND EXISTS ONLY TO SYMBOLIZE SOMETHING.

14. The playwright's skill at condensing a story that may span many days or years of chronological time into a theatrical time frame is called

Compresstion

The quality of a play that creates suspend by making us wonder what will happen next is called curiosity

False

The alienation effect exemplifies the work of the playwright

Bertolt Brecht

Match the playwright to the proper play

A. PAULA VOGEL- HOW I LEARNED TO DRIVE
B. LORRAINE HANSBERRY- A RAISIN IN THE SUN
C. AUGUST WILSON- MA RANEY'S BLACK BOTTOM
D. DAVID HENRY HWANG- BUTTERFLY
E. NILO CRUZ- ANNA IN THE TROPICS
F. LYNN NOTTAGE- RUINED
G. DAVID MARNET- GLENGARRY GLEN ROSS
H. TONY KUSHNER- ANGELS IN AMERICA

Practical Aesthetics is a form of actor training by

David Marnet and William H Macy

Which two writers best exemplify the range of difference between external and internal approaches to assuming the character

Diderot and Stanislavasky

The major psychological component of the actors instrument is the unconscious

false

The mid twentieth century saw an emphasis on reality and inter emotion life in the theatre

True

In his first published work Stanislavasky states that the prime task of the actors is to create the

Inner life of the character

Discipline refers to the strictness and decorum with which the actor converses with the director

Falsw

The type of performing that asks the actor to enter the mind of the character being played is

Representational Acting

25. The three major stages of the "actor's routine" are acquiring an agent, rehearsing a role, and performing a role.

False

The method

A. AN AMERICAN ACTING STYLE DERIVED FROM THE RUSSIAN ACTOR-DIRECTOR KONSTANTIN STANISLAVSKY'S SELF-PROCLAIMED SYSTEM

27. Who maintained that the actor should be "an unmoved and disinterested onlooker" and imitate emotion rather than feel it?

Denis Diderot

28. Konstantin Stanislavsky, founder of the Moscow Art Theatre (1898), said "You must live the life of your character on stage." Which style of acting does this statement describe most closely

The representational mode of acting

The actors instrument is his or her

self

funndamental notions of acting

representational and presentational

Great acting must transient mere technique or training and elevate into something higher

true

An expressive voice and a solid education in literature are the two components of gaining an actors insturment

false

Viewpoints is a form of acting created by

Mart Overlie and Ann Bogart

According to the lecture there are 7 qualities of a fine play. __________ is defined as the condensation of story, consolidation of event, and uniqueness of moments.

Compression, Economy, and intensity

35. Which playwright demonstrates a commitment to issues global human rights, as shown in Ruined?

Lynn Nottage

36. Which playwright has branched out into writing librettos and adaptations of musicals for shows such as Aida andTarzan?

David Hwang

37. According to the lecture there are seven qualities of a fine play. __________ is defined as words and actions having maximum impact when staged.

Stageability speakability and flow

2 fundamental tools a playwright works with

Dialogue and physcal action

A play attains finished form only in performance

true

40. Which of the following does the director NOT typically look for in an audition?

A. PERSONAL HISTORY THAT EXACTLY MATCHES THAT OF THE CHARACTER

41. Which faculty keeps the actor within established bounds and at the same time ensures artistic agility?

Discipline

As a response against Stanislavsky's realism, the director Vsevolod Meyerhold evolved a theatre of "biomechanical constructivism" in Moscow.

True

How did the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries' emphasis on rationalism influence the director's role?

The demand for historical accuracy required the director to conduct comprehensive research, organization, and coordination.

Which statement best describes the end of the directors involvement with the play

The director may still change aspects of the play during previews or the run, but primarily has given over responsibility to the audience.

A director should possess all of the following except

a capable voice and an athletic physique, both which comprise the actor's instrument.

Which person is responsible for the financial support of the production and, working closely with the director, also contributes to many "directorial" decisions in the production process?

Producer

A great directorial concept has the qualities of being generalized, well-established by tradition, intellectually relaxing, designer-oriented, and readily apparent.

False

This historic phase of the director passed on knowledge of "correct" technique.

Teacher-Director

As i traverse the stage in a direction away from the audience I am traveling ___

upstage

This directors assistant is responsible for compiling the prompt book

Stage Manager

Which does not seek in a designer director collaboration

Financial independence

The "preplanned approach" is where the director and the actors work together to develop the movements and actions of the play.

false

The rhythm of a production sometimes confused with the speed to the actors delivery is called

pace

What is meant by the concept of a play

Directors central idea which focuses on his or her interpretation

A producer may be an individual, such as an artistic director, or a partnership of individuals, such as a committee.

true

he initial shows where a director can evaluate the production in terms of audience response and institute new changes are known as

previews

Which of the following tasks belong to the director

conceptualizing the play and giving it vision and purpose

The director's work with the designers is generally suggestive and corrective, rather than overtly controlling.

True

The timing and placement of a character's entrances, exits, crosses, embraces, and other major movements is called

blocking

Which of the following is true of stylizing directors?

They are unrestrained by rigid formulas with respect to verisimilitude or realistic behavior.

mall-scale movement on the stage, which an actor performs within the larger pattern of entrances and exits, is called

business

Romes greatest contribution to the theatre was

their architecture of the theatre space

The most comprehensive and detailed theatrical treatise of the ancient world, detailing analyses of dramatic texts, the theatre building, acting, staging, music, and even theatre-company organization, is

the Sanskrit Natyasastra, or "treatise on theatre"

The primary foundations of theatre are ritual and dancing

false

Which of the following can not be said of shakespeare

He wrote only for the court of Elizabeth I

The work of Shakespeare and Ben Jonson in England and Machiavelli and commedia dell'arte in Italy are all examples of Renaissance theatre.

True

Which of the following is true of theatre in Asia

A diverse tradition exists in asian theatre

Performers in chinese opera are adept at singing, speech, acting, and acrbatics

true

The central creed of the romantic theatre was

compassion

Dithyrambos was

an ancient, drunken, dance-chant fertility ritual that celebrated the birth of the wine god.

The renaissance was characterized by which of the following

A renewed interest in classical civilization

Which drama, whose name means "storyplay," originated in rural villages in the province of Kerala in the seventeenth century and is based on any of thousands of stories from two great Indian epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata?

Kathakali

Which of the following is not true of the greek chorus

it offered individual the opportunity to voice personal opinions

Kabuki is mianly a directors theatre

false

Plays of the royal theatre era are characterized by

rational sensibilities

The royal era was characterized by the aristocracy support of the public theaters such as the globe theatre

false

A theatrical mansion is

a temporarily crafted stage piece that was set up in a public square and then moved about from day to day.

Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides are the three masters of Greek tragedy.
Answer

true

Ancient Egypt's Abydos Passion Play and other texts of that time employed plot elements that indicate they derived from even more ancient

ritualized reenactments of the coming of spring and celebration of rebirth.

In Mandarin, Chinese Opera is called xiqu, which means

tuneful theatre

The ancient Greek god of fertility, wine, agriculture, and sexuality was

Dionysus

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