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1. Joints between the carpal bones are
A. costocarpal joints.
B. intermetacarpal joints.
C. metacarpalphalangeal joints.
D. intercarpal joints.
E. intracarpal joints.

D. intercarpal joints.

2. The dentoalveolar joint is between the
A. sacrum and coxa.
B. two pubic bones.
C. atlas and axis.
D. alveolar process and tooth
E. two parietal bones.

D. alveolar process and tooth.

3. Joints are classified according to the
A. bones that are united at the joint. B. structure of the joint.
C. size of the joint.
D. shape of the joint.
E. type of fluid in the joint.

B. structure of the joint.

4. In a syndesmosis
A. there is an osseous union between the bones of the joint.
B. the bones are held together by ligaments called interosseous membranes.
C. it is not unusual to find discs of cartilage.
D. no movement occurs.
E. there is a great range of motion.

B. the bones are held together by ligaments called interosseous membranes.

5. The joint between the teeth and the mandibular alveolus is an example of a
A. suture.
B. syndesmosis.
C. gomphosis.
D. synostosis.
E. symphysis.

C. gomphosis.

6. The epiphyseal plate of a growing bone is actually a temporary joint called a
A. synchondrosis.
B. synostosis.
C. syndesmosis.
D. symphysis.
E. suture.

A. synchondrosis.

7. A synchondrosis contains _____ cartilage.
A. synchronous
B. fibrous
C. elastic
D. reticular
E. hyaline

E. hyaline

8. Hyaluronic acid
A. contributes to the rigidity of a joint.
B. is found in the synovial membrane. C. is responsible for the lubricating properties of synovial fluid.
D. makes up most of the matrix of hyaline cartilage.
E. makes surfaces rough.

C. is responsible for the lubricating properties of synovial fluid.

9. Which of the following joints is most movable?
A. suture
B. syndesmosis
C. symphysis
D. synovial
E. synchondrosis

D. synovial

10. Which of the following statements concerning bursae is true?
A. They are filled with air.
B. They are a cellular cushion.
C. They carry blood vessels to joints. D. They are formed by an extension of the synovial membrane.
E. They bind tendons to ligaments.

D. They are formed by an extension of the synovial membrane.

11. The synovial membrane
A. is a double layer of tissue that encloses a joint.
B. is a thin lubricating film covering the surface of a joint.
C. provides a smooth surface where bones meet.
D. is a layer of tissue that is continuous with the periosteum.
E. lines the joint everywhere except over the articular cartilage.

E. lines the joint everywhere except over the articular cartilage.

12. A joint that consists of two opposed flat surfaces of approximately equal size is a _____ joint.
A. plane
B. saddle
C. hinge
D. pivot
E. ellipsoid

A. plane

13. This type of joint is multiaxial allowing a wide range of movement. A. saddle
B. hinge
C. pivot
D. plane
E. ball and socket

. ball and socket

14. Bowing the head is an example of A. rotation.
B. pronation.
C. flexion.
D. lateral excursion.
E. hyperextension.

C. flexion.

15. Which of the following statements regarding the temporomandibular (TMJ) joint is correct?
A. The joint is divided into lateral and medial cavities by an articular disc of cartilage.
B. The joint has a cartilage capsule. C. The joint is a combination plane and ellipsoidal joint.
D. The joint allows rotation.
E. The joint is located between the maxilla and the mandible.

C. The joint is a combination plane and ellipsoidal joint.

4. Which of the following statements concerning sutures is false?
A) They may become completely immovable in adults.
B) The opposing bones in the joint interdigitate for stability.
C) The tissue between the bones is hyaline cartilage.
D) The periosteum of adjacent bones is continuous over the joint.
E) Membranes call fontanels are present in some sutures at birth.

C) The tissue between the bones is hyaline cartilage.

5. When two bones grow together across a joint to form a single bone, this is called a
A) suture.
B) syndesmosis.
C) gomphosis.
D) synostosis.
E) symphysis

D) synostosis.

16. Synovial fluid
A) lacks cells.
B) is found between all bony junctions.
C) increases friction between bones.
D) is produced by articular cartilage.
E) decreases friction between bones.

E) decreases friction between bones.

29. Ellipsoid joints
A) are multiaxial joints.
B) are found between adjacent vertebra.
C) are actually modified ball and socket joints.
D) allow free rotation.
E) are modified pivot joints.

C) are actually modified ball and socket joints.

Which of the following movements does not occur at the knee joint?
A) flexion
B) rotation
C) abduction
D) extension
E) all occur at the knee

C) abduction

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