speech 100 set 2

44 terms by timothy_schmidt 

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set #2 from speech 100 with brook kendall.

dominant culture

the attitudes, values, beliefs, and customs that the majority of people in a society hold in common

co-cultures

groups of people living within a dominant culture but exhibiting communication that is sufficiently different to distinguish them from the dominant culture

ethnocentrism

the belief that one's own culture is superior to others

altruism

the display of genuine and unselfish concern for the welfare of others

egocentricity

a selfish interest in ones own needs to the exclusion of everything else

acquaintances

people we know by name and tald with when the oppurtunity arises but with whom our interactions are largely impersonal

friends

people with whom we have negotiated more personal relationships that are voluntary

intimates

people with whom we share a high degree of commitment trust interdependence disclosure and enjoyment

feedback

verbal and physical responses to people and or their messages within relationships

self disclosure

sharing biographical data personal ideas and feelings that are unknown to the other person

attending

the perceptual process of selecting and focusing on specific stimuli from the countless stimuli reaching the senses

empathy

intellectually identifying with or vicariously experiencing the feelings or attitudes of another

perspective taking

imagining yourself in the place of another. the most common form of empathizing

paraphrasing

putting into words the ideas or feelings you have perceived from the message

feelings paraphrase

a response that captures the emotions attached to the content of the message

mnemonic device

any artificial technique used as a memory aid

buffering

cushioning the effect of messages by utilizing both positive and negative politeness skills

positive face needs

the desire to be appreciated and approved liked and honored

negative face needs

the desire to be free from imposition or intrusion

reframing

offering ideas, observations,information, and alternative explanations that might help your partner understand the situation in a different light

withdrawing

managing conflict by physically or psychologically removing yourself

accommodating

managing conflict by satisfying others needs or accepting others ideas while neglecting our own

forcing

managing conflict by satisfying your own needs or advancing your own ideas with no concern for the needs or ideas of the other and no concern for the harm done to the relationship

compromising

managing conflict by giving up part of what you want to provide at least some satisfaction for both parties

collaborating

managing conflict by fully addressing the needs and issues of each party and arriving at a solution that is mutually satisfying

privacy

the right of an individual to keep biographical data, personal ideas, and feelings secret

assertive behavior

expressing your personal preferences and defending your personal rights while respecting the preferences and rights of others

aggressive behavior

belligerently or violently confronting another with your preferences, feelings, needs, or rights with litle regard for the situation or for the feelings or rights of others

masking feelings

concealing the verbal and nonverbal cues that would enable our partners to understand what we are really feeling

displaying feelings

we display our feelings when we express them through facial expressions, body responses, and verbal outbursts

brainstorming

an uncritical, nonevaluative process of generating associated ideas

general speech goal

the intent of your speech

specific speech goal

a single statement of the exact response the speaker wants from the audience

primary research

the process of conducting your own study to acquire information for your speech

secondary research

the process of locating information about your topic that has been discovered by other people

anecdotes

brief often amusing stories

narratives

accounts personal experiences tales or lenghtier stories

relevance

adapting the information in the speech so that audience members view it as important to them

proximity

a relationship to personal space

credibility

the level of trust that an audience has or will have in the speaker

extemporaneous speeches

speeches that are researched and planned ahead of time

scripted speeches

speeches that are prepared by creating a complete written manuscript

process speeches

to demonstrate how something is done or made or how it works

expostitory speeches

an informative speech that provides carefully researched in depth knowledge about a complex topic

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