mostly flat area that rises above ground and one side has a steep slope
A stream that flows into a river or ocean
Fine-grained sediment deposited by the river
height of land above sea level
A person who moves around to make a living
Region of tall grass
High steep slope or cliff at edge of mountain or plateau
fertile place in desert
Rock filled rapids
artificially water crops
Raising just enough crops to support family
Raising crops to sell
To add variety
person who gathers food to survive
to adapt wild plants and animals for human's use
Containing substances that plants need to grow well
People who spoke Bantu. They spoke Swahili which is a language with some Arab words mixed in
The years when people made things out of stone.
This increased population and people learned to use this for new things. It was a new idea.
body of water between northeast Africa and the Arabian Peninsula that was a key source of trade between Africa and East Asia
To settle an area and take over the government
The meeting about European colonization and trade.
Feeling pride in one's homeland
African National Congress
(ANC) was organized in 1912 to fight for blacks equality in South Africa
Refusal to buy or use goods and services
A large, one crop farm with many workers, common in the Southern US before the Civil War
Artificial waterway for the Mediterranean connecting to the Red sea
It is the longest river in the world
He is the Islamic prophet
It a Islamic holy place where Mansa Musa's pilgrimage was to.
Islam church to pray
Egypt's capital and largest city
Traditional open-air market with rows of shops
Peasants or agricultural workers in an Arab country
He organized protests against British rule in the early 1950's
Takeover of a government, often done by military force
In the 1980's, he was Ghana's president who tried to reform Ghana's politics and economy
Let's pull together was used for president Jomo's campaign and people worked together
He became president of Kenya after they gained independence in 1963. His campaign was Harambee
It is Kenya's capital city.
It means copper and in congo there are huge deposits of copperin the southern providence.
Mobutu Sese Seko
In 1965, he was helped to take power of Congo and he was a military leader.
Controlled by one person or a small group
To put a once-private industry under national control
The South African system in which racial groups were separated and racial discrimination was legal
To teat people unfairly based on a race or gender
F. W. de Klerk
In 1990, due to weak economy and continuing protests, this South African president helped pass the laws to end apartheid
South African land were blacks were forced to live during apartheid
He was an ANC member. He was jailed for almost 30 years until his family bailed him out