African Key terms

51 terms by marianne27 

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Key terms from chapters 19-23. These aren't all the ones in the chapter. The book is world explorer.

Plateaus

mostly flat area that rises above ground and one side has a steep slope

Tributaries

A stream that flows into a river or ocean

Silt

Fine-grained sediment deposited by the river

Elevation

height of land above sea level

Nomad

A person who moves around to make a living

Savannah

Region of tall grass

Escarpment

High steep slope or cliff at edge of mountain or plateau

Oasis

fertile place in desert

Cataracts

Rock filled rapids

Irrigate

artificially water crops

Subsistence Farming

Raising just enough crops to support family

Cash crops

Raising crops to sell

Diversify

To add variety

Hunter-gatherers

person who gathers food to survive

Domesticate

to adapt wild plants and animals for human's use

Fertile

Containing substances that plants need to grow well

Surplus

extra

Bantu-Speakers

People who spoke Bantu. They spoke Swahili which is a language with some Arab words mixed in

Stone Age

The years when people made things out of stone.

Iron

This increased population and people learned to use this for new things. It was a new idea.

Red Sea

body of water between northeast Africa and the Arabian Peninsula that was a key source of trade between Africa and East Asia

Colonize

To settle an area and take over the government

Berlin Conference

The meeting about European colonization and trade.

Nationalism

Feeling pride in one's homeland

African National Congress

(ANC) was organized in 1912 to fight for blacks equality in South Africa

Boycotts

Refusal to buy or use goods and services

Plantations

A large, one crop farm with many workers, common in the Southern US before the Civil War

Suez Canal

Artificial waterway for the Mediterranean connecting to the Red sea

Nile

It is the longest river in the world

Muhammad

He is the Islamic prophet

Mecca

It a Islamic holy place where Mansa Musa's pilgrimage was to.

Mosque

Islam church to pray

Cairo

Egypt's capital and largest city

Bazaars

Traditional open-air market with rows of shops

Fellaheen

Peasants or agricultural workers in an Arab country

Kwame Nkrumah

He organized protests against British rule in the early 1950's

Sovereignty

Political independence

Coup

Takeover of a government, often done by military force

Jerry Rawlings

In the 1980's, he was Ghana's president who tried to reform Ghana's politics and economy

Harambee

Let's pull together was used for president Jomo's campaign and people worked together

Jomo Kenatta

He became president of Kenya after they gained independence in 1963. His campaign was Harambee

Nairobi

It is Kenya's capital city.

Shaba

It means copper and in congo there are huge deposits of copperin the southern providence.

Mobutu Sese Seko

In 1965, he was helped to take power of Congo and he was a military leader.

Authoritarian

Controlled by one person or a small group

Nationalized

To put a once-private industry under national control

Apartheid

The South African system in which racial groups were separated and racial discrimination was legal

Discriminate

To teat people unfairly based on a race or gender

F. W. de Klerk

In 1990, due to weak economy and continuing protests, this South African president helped pass the laws to end apartheid

Homeland

South African land were blacks were forced to live during apartheid

Nelson Mandela

He was an ANC member. He was jailed for almost 30 years until his family bailed him out

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