hematology/lymphatics

70 terms by lolitaj0330

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agammaglobulinemia

the loss of the ability to produce antibodies

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

anemia

decrease in red blood cells

antibody

a defense provided by the body against an antigen

anticoagulant

an agent that delays or inhibits blood clotting

antigen

harmful invader

autoimmune disease

body produces antibodies against itself causing injury

autologous transfusion

a tranfusion prepared from a donor's own blood

blood

composed of liquid plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets

CBC

complete blood count

Centrifuge

a device that spins test tubes of blood

Coumadin

an oral anticoagulant

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

diff

white cell differential

diuretics

remove edema through urination

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

dyspnea

difficult breathing

erythema

redness of the skin

erythrocytolysis

destruction of red blood cells

erythrocyte

red blood cell

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

a blood test done to test foor inflammation

erythropenia

a decrease in red blood cells

erythropoiesis

production of red blood cells

Hct

hematocrit

hematocrit

the volume of packed red cells

hemoglobin

transports oxygen in the body

hemoglobin A1C

blood test that indicates an average blood glucose level over a few months

hemophilia

a bleeding disorder

hemosiderosis

abnormal increase of iron in blood

heparin

an intravenous anticoagulant

hematoma

blood vessel breakage

hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

hepatosplenomegaly

enlargement of the liver and spleen

hodgkin's disease

cancer of the lymphatic tissue

homologous transfusion

a transfusion prepared from a donor's compatible blood

hypoproteinemia

decrease in the blood protein level

hypotension

low blood pressure

immunologist

one who specializes in the study of protections

intravenous

into a vein

leukocytosis

abnormal increase of white blood cells

leukopenia

decrease of white blood cells

local edema

edema limited to a specific area

lupus erythematosus

autoimmune disease that effects connective tissue

lymphatic system

a network of structures which drains fluid from tissue spaces and returns it to the blood

lymphocyte

white blood cell

monocyte

a single cell

morphology

the study of shape

palliative

treatment provided to relieve symptoms

pallor

paleness

Pcv

packed cell volume

phagocytosis

condition of cell eating

phlebototmy

to draw blood

plasma

the liquid portion of blood

PT

prothrombin time (clotting time)

RBC

red blood count

reticulocyte

immature cells

splenorrhexis

rupture of the spleen

syncope

fainting

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

systemic edema

generalized edema

tachycardia

rapid heart beat

thrombocyte

platelet

thrombocytopenia

decrease of platelets

thrombolysis

destruction of a clot

thrombus

a blood clot

tonsillectomy

surgical temoval of the tonsils

tonsilliitis

inflammation of the tonsils

tourniquet

thin strip of latex tied around the upper arm during phlebotomy

vertigo

dizziness

WBC

white blood count

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