To collect riches, to teach Native Americans about RC religion, to claim the land and conquer the people
Name 3 reasons the rulers of Spain wanted to explore Americas
to find a safer and quicker way to get to Asia
Why did Columbus want to cross the Atlantic?
Cabeza de Vaca
The first European explorer to come to TX in the 1500s was
on an island near Florida
Where did Columbus land in 1492?
Cabez de Vaca was really trying to get to where when he landed on Galveston Island
He met three men who were ship wrecked with him
What happened to Cabeza de Vaca when he was captured by a Native American group?
Claim the cities of gold for Spain
What did Spanish officials ask Francisco Vasquez de Coronado to do?
Name the plain that stretched before Coronado and his men when they climbed the Caprock Escarpment in TX they called Llano Estacado. What does the term mean?
Matagordo Bay on the TX coast
La Salle was sailing for Louisiana but actually landed on the shores of
give them a strong claim to the land
The Spanish built missions in Texas to
Who was in charge of a mission?
Columbus had to convince the king and queen of what country to allow him to sail across the Atlantic?
Near native American settlements
Where did the Spaniards usually build missions?
To protect and defned missions during attacks
Why did the Spaniards build presidios?
To provide goods and services to both
Why did villas grow up between presidios and missions?
pottery, baskets, and tools
What are some things made at mission workshops? Name 3
Laredo, Amarillo, El Paso
Name some cities which bear a Spanish name
What kind of food is a blend of Native American and Spanish ways of cooking?
Within two years Cortes and his army conquered the Aztecs, claimed their riches and land and called it New Spain
What did Cortes do after he arrived in Mexico in 1519?
He and his men landed in Florida and lost their ship. They built rafts and tried to sail to Mexico. A storm blew them onto the shores of TX
Why did Cabeza de Vaca come to TX?
They thought Cibola was 7 cities of gold. It was really adobe villages shining in the sun.
What did the Spaniards think Cibola was, and what was it really?
Even though it was empty, it proved that the French had been there. The Spanish saw that other countries might claim land in Texas
How did an empty French fort threaten Spain's claim to East TX?
They were towns that grew up around missions and presidios to provide services and goods to both. People moved there because they were seeking good farming and ranching land and for protection.
What were villas and why did people move to them?
The Spanish thought the local people would adopt Spanish customs and religion, as they came for food, shelter, and education
Why do you think Spaniards believed that their missions gave them a strong claim to the land?
West of the prime meridian
In the longitude line 106 W, what does the W stand for?
From about 26 degrees N to a little more than 36 degrees N
What range of latitude does the state of TX span?
A Spanish religious settlement. They often included a church, houses, and farm buildings.
A settlement of people who have left one country to live in another.
Located between a mission and a presidio - a small town
one who conquers
located by a villa and mission and used to protect Spanish from inidians - like forts