Greenberg - Unit 4 The Roaring Twenties

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Nativism

prejudice agianst foreign born people

Isolationism

policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs

Communism

1 party control, political and economic system where government controls everything

Did a communist party form in the US?

yes

What was the red scare?

panic in th US

Why was it called the red scare?

scared of communism and the communist flag is red

Aanarchists

believe in no government

What were the palmer raids?

hunted down suspected communists, anarchists and socialists

What was the results of the palmer raids?

government deported 100s of radicals, civil rights of many were violated

What was the significance of Sacco and Vanzetti?

caused o fear of foreigners in the US

Who were Sacco and Vanzetti?

itailian immigrants who were executed for murder and robber

Who were the KKK's targets?

african americans, republicans, jewish and catholic immigrants

What was the KkK devoted to

100% americanism

What was the Emergency Quota Act of 1921?

system establishedthe maximum number of people who could enter the US from each country

During the Qquota what nationality was forbidden to enter the US?

japanese

What happened after WWI to all of the workers?

they went on strike

Who did employers attempt to link the strikers with?

anarchists and communists

Why did the labor movemnet lose appeal?

immigrants were willing ot work in poor conditions, most unions excluded african americans, union couldnt organize immigrants because of language barrier, farmers relyed on themselves already

What did Warren Harding mean by normalcy?

wanted america to return to the peaceful time before WWI and the srtikes and violence

What was the Kellogg - Briand Pact

outlawed war...60 nations signed

How did the Fordney - McCumber Tariff prevent the selling of goods?

tariff on imported goods raised by 60%

What was the Dawes plan?

US loans money to Germany to pay to france and GB so they could pay back the US.

What happened in Hardings cabinet?

Hardings corrupt friends use their offices to steal and become wealthy

Albert Fall

first cabinet member to go to jail

Wwho took over for Harding?

coolidge

What happend to Harding?

he had a heart attack

What was Hardings and Coolidges goal with the policies?

allow private enterprise to flurish

What changed about the American Landscape after cars?

Route 66 constructed, garages and driveways, rapid construction of gas stations, shopping centers, and motels

What were the changes for people after cars?

urban sprawl, live further from work (suburbs), more independence for young.

Charles Lindbergh

1st person to fly solo across the atlantic

Amelia Earhart

famous woman aviator - tried to fly around the world, she went missing

What company used planes for business?

the post office

What was the significance of the new household appliances?

gave people more free time

Installment Plan

put some money down and then a little more own every month until paid off

What was superficial prosperity?

on the surface the economy looked strong but it was actually having problems

What was different about living in the city?

more immigrants lived there, there were movie theaters, vaudeville shows, more toleration for sinful behavior

What was considered sinful behavior?

casual dating, drinking, gambling

What was the 18th amendment?

prohibition - making, selling or transporting alcohol

What did reformers think that prohibition would get rid of?

crime, health issues and money problems

Why was it so difficult to enforce prohibition?

not enough officers to enforce the law

When was alcohol legal to use during prohibition?

medicine, religious ceremonies

What were bootleggers?

they were people who smuggled liquor in their boots (aka rumrunners)

Al Capone

ruled chicago, aka scar face

Fundamentilst

believe whole bible

Billy Sunday

popular fundamentalist preacher

What major scientific theory did fundamentalism reject?

the theory of evolution

What law was passed in Tennessee because of fundamentalism?

it was illegal to teach evolution and had to teach creationism.

John T Scopes

was arrested for teaching Darwin's theory on purpose.

What was Scopes trial famous for?

the cross examination of bryan (the prosecutor)

What was a flapper?

an emancipated young lady who embraced new fashions

What changed about marriage?

more of a partnership

What was the double standard toward dating>?

men can go on lots of dates but girls cant

Why did women have new roles in the workplace?

booming industrial economy and time saving appliances.

What was the significance of birth control?

decrease in birth rate

why was it a problem that children had more time for leisure?

they were afraid the kids would get into trouble with all the free time

What were problems schools faced?

rising cost of education, teaching immigrant children

Why was there an increase in education?

schools were no longer catered to those who were college bound.

What was a powerful communications medium that started?

radio

Where did Lindbergh leave from and land?

new york to paris

What was the first major movie with sound?

the jazz singer

George Gershwin

famous jazz composer

Georgia O'Keeffe

artist. paintings of skylines

F. Scott Fitzgerald

wrote the great gatsby

Ernest Hemingway

wrote a farewell to arms

Sinclair Lewis

1st american to win nobel prize for literature

What was the great migration?

movement of african americans to urban areas

What was the NAACP?

civil rights organization.

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