a structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel)
A vault formed by progressively projecting courses of stone or brick, which eventually meet to form the highest point of the vault.
sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background
where the outlines of the figures have been carved into the surface of the stone, instead of being formed by cutting away the background
A reed that grows along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt. From it was produced a coarse, paperlike writing medium used by the Egyptians and many other peoples in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East.
Art created during the reign of Akhenaton, which features a more relaxed figure style than in Old and New Kingdom art
A method of stone construction, named after the mythical Cyclopes, using massive, irregular blocks without mortar, characteristic of the Bronze Age fortifications of Tiryns and other Mycenaean sites.
the chief room of a Greek temple, where the statue of the god was located and, frequently, the temple's treasure was kept.
the oldest and simplest of the Greek orders of architecture, defined by fluted columns, smooth capitals, and square abacus
The uppermost member of a column, serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel. In classical architecture, the form of the capital varies with the order.
The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
a graceful arrangement of the body based on tilted shoulders and hips and bent knees/weight shift/one foot tension one foot relaxed
after the maker of the parthenon. architecture and sculpture style, where figures are aloof, detached, idealism, perfect forms, body w/o emotion. another term for high classical.
the second Greek order of architecture, with columns that had an elaborated base and a capital carved into double scrolls that looked like the horns of a ram (feminine in comparison to Doric)
Most ornate (and feminine) of the orders- contains a base, a fluted column shaft, and the capital is elaborate and decorated with leaf carvings
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built for This pharoah, Egyptian pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid; Khufu is his Egyptian name and Cheops is his Greek name
son of Khufu; builder of the second largest pyramid of Giza; builder of the Great Sphinx
High Classical Sculptor; devised mathematical formula for representing the perfect male body; famous work=Doryphoros (bronze statue of young man holding spear)
Considered to be the greatest sculptor in ancient Greece. Pericles asked him to design the sculptures for the Parthenon and the statue of Athena.
ancient Greek sculptor (circa 370-330 BC), a sculptor who lived after Phidias who sculpted figures that were more lifelike and natural in form and size.