medical term ch 5 and 6

82 terms by amelia1221

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aort/o

The word part meaning aorta is _____.

brady-

The word part meaning slow is ____.

emia

The word part meaning blood or blood condition is _____.

crasia

The word part meaning mixture or blending is ____.

hem/o

The word part meaning blood, relating to blood is ____.

leukocytes

The term meaning white blood cells is _____.

sinoatrial node

Commonly known as the natural pacemaker, the medical name of the structure is the ______.

coronary arteries

The myocardium receives its blood supply from the ____ arteries.

eosinophils

The _____are formed in red bone marrow and then migrate to tissues throughout the body. These blood cells destroy parasitic organisms and play a major role in allergic reactions.

mitral

The bicuspid valve is also known as the ______ valve.

right ventricle

The _______ pumps blood into the pulmonary artery, which carries it to the lungs.

thrombocytes

The _____ are the smallest formed elements in the blood, and they play an important role in blood clotting.

embolus

A foreign object, such as a bit of tissue or air, circulating in the blood is known as a/an ______.

left ventricle

The _______ carries blood to all parts of the body except the lungs.

neutrophils

The ______ are the most common type of white blood cell.

heart

A hollow muscular organ is known as the _____.

myocardium

_____ is also known as cardiac muscle.

epicardium

The external layer of the heart is known as the _____.

endocardium

The inner lining of the heart is also known as the _____.

pericardium

The sac enclosing the heart is known as the _____.

lipoprotein cholesterol

High-density _______ is also known as good cholesterol.

True

tf An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm in which the heartbeat is faster or slower than normal.

true

tf The abbreviation for electrocardiogram is EKG or ECG.

atrial fibrillation

A-fib is the abbreviation for _____ _______. (2 words)

septicemia

The systemic condition often associated with severe infections caused by the presence of bacteria in the blood is known as ______.

beta-blocker

A/An ________ reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heartbeat.

megaloblastic

The blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal is known as _______ anemia.

endocarditis

A bacterial infection of the lining or valves of the heart is known as bacterial _______.

serum

Plasma with the clotting proteins removed is known as ______.

thrombocytopenia

Having an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood is known as _______.

carotid endarterectomy

The surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain is known as a/an _____ ______ (2 words).

valvular prolapse

The abnormal protrusion of a heart valve that results in the inability of the valve to close completely is known as a/an _____ _____ (2 words).

nitroglycerin

The medication ______ is prescribed to prevent or relieve the pain of angina by dilating the blood vessels to the heart.

False An embolus is a clot or piece of tissue circulating in the blood.

tf A thrombus is a clot or piece of tissue circulating in the blood.

true

tf Hemochromatosis is also known as iron overload disease.

True

tf Plasmapheresis is the removal of whole blood from the body, separation of its cellular elements, and reinfusion of these cellular elements suspended in saline or a plasma substitute.

False A vasoconstrictor is a drug that narrows the blood vessels.

tf A vasoconstrictor is a drug that enlarges the blood vessels.

true

tf Peripheral vascular disease is a disorder of the blood vessels located outside the heart and brain.

hemangioma

Alberta Fleetwood has a/an ______. This condition is a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels.

varicose

During her pregnancy, Polly Olson suffered from abnormally swollen veins in her legs. The medical term for this condition is _____ veins.

orthostatic hypotension

When Mr. Klein stands up too quickly, his blood pressure drops. His physician describes this as postural or ______ ______. (2 words)

myelodysplastic syndrome

Juanita Gomez was diagnosed as having ______ ______ (2 words). This bone marrow disorder is characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells.

thrombolytic

Darlene Nolan was diagnosed as having deep vein thrombosis. Her doctor immediately prescribed a/an ______ to cause the thrombus to dissolve.

atheroma

A/An ______, which is a characteristic of atherosclerosis, is a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall.

hemostasis

The term ______ means to stop or control bleeding.

phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein is known as ______.

dyscrasia

Blood ____ is any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood.

aneurysmectomy

The surgical removal of an aneurysm is a/an ______.

arteritis

Inflammation of an artery or arteries is known as _____.

angiectomy

The surgical removal of a portion of a blood vessel is a/an ______.

phlebostenosis

The abnormal narrowing of the lumen of a vein is known as _____.

pericardiectomy

The surgical removal of a portion of the tissue surrounding the heart is a/an ______.

cardiorrhaphy

To surgically suture the wall of the heart is a/an _______.

phleborrhexis

Rupture of a vein is known as ______.

angiorrhaphy

The suture repair of any vessel, especially a blood vessel, is a/an ______.

cardiorrhexis

Rupture of the heart is known as ______.

pericardiorrhaphy

To suture the tissue surrounding the heart is a/an ______.

angionecrosis

The tissue death of the walls of the blood vessels is known as _______.

False Aplastic anemia is characterized by the absence of all formed blood elements.

tf Aplastic anemia is characterized by the presence of all formed blood elements.

True

tf Valvoplasty is the surgical repair or replacement of a heart valve.

vena cava

Looking at the diagram on page 167 of your textbook, question 5.91 is pointing to what area of the heart-superior ____ _____ (2 words)

angina

Thomas Wilkerson suffers from episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium. This is a condition known as _______.

bradycardia

An abnormally slow resting heart rate is described as _____.

ventricular

In _____ fibrillation, instead of pumping strongly, the heart muscle quivers ineffectively.

systolic

The highest pressure against the blood vessels is _____ pressure, and it occurs when the ventricles contract.

duplex ultrasound

The diagnostic procedure that images the structures of the blood vessels and the flow of blood through these vessels is known as _______.

antihypertensive

A/An ______ is administered to lower high blood pressure.

True

tf Electrocardiography is the process of recording the electrical activity of the myocardium.

True

tf Aneurysmorrhaphy means the surgical suturing of a ruptured aneurysm.

anemia

lower-than-normal number of erythrocytes in the blood

aplastic anemia

characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements

hemolytic anemia

characterized by an inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen

pernicious anemia

caused by body not being able to absorb vitamin B12

Thalassemia

inherited blood disorder

anticoagulant

A type of medication that is given to slow coagulation and prevent new blood clots from forming is known as a/an _______.

leukopenia

A blood disorder in which there is a decrease in the number of disease-fighting white blood cells circulating in the blood is known as _______.

RH factor

The _____ defines the presence or absence of the RH antigen on red blood cells.

hemochromatosis

_______ or iron overload disease is a genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron.

true

tf Raynaud's disease is a condition with symptoms that include intermittent attacks of pallor, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes.

coronary artery bypass graft

This type of operation is used to replace a blocked coronary artery and to improve the flow of blood to the heart. It requires opening the chest and implanting a piece of vein from the leg or chest on the heart.

tissue plasminogen activator

A thrombolytic that is administered to some patients having a heart attack or stroke that if administered within a few hours after symptoms appear, may dissolve damaging blood clots is known as _______ (3 words).

cholesterol

______ is a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body.

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