North American Colonization Vocabulary

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Sea Dogs

The English sea captains.

Spanish Armada

Philip II in retaliation against the English, sent these large fleet of ships.

Anglican Church

King Henry VIII broke away from the Catholic Church and established this.

Quakers

A religious group that believe all people are equal and are basically good. They feel that violence is always wrong and refused to carry guns or fight. They also believe in solving all problems peacefully.

The Bread Colonies

A nickname for the Middle Colonies.

Whaling

The industry of hunting whales for their oil and other products; once a major American industry; it is now illegal in the United States.

Cash Crops of the South

Tobacco, rice, and indigo are all one of these in the Southern colonies.

The Rights of Englishmen

English colonists were deeply attached to their rights as Englishmen. These rights were rooted in the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights.

The Magna Carta

Signed in 1215, the first document that limited the power of the king.

The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

The 1st written constitution in the colonies.

The Marlyland Toleration Act

Extended legal protection to all Christians against discrimination.

Bacon's Rebellion

Tensions had been rising in Virginia over lowered tobacco prices, rising taxes, and the lust for more land owned by natives.

House of Burgesses

First elected governing body in America, in Virginia in 1619. It has the power to make laws.

The Mayflower Compact

Document made by the Pilgrims in 1620 that provided a legal basis for self-government.

Plantations

Large farms that were developed for commercial agriculture.

Enlightment

In the 1750s many colonial people were involved in a belief that in a orderly universe human reason will prevail.

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