Chapter 16 - Renaissance

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One of the things that distinguished Renaissance artists was that they were

self-conscious

Renaissance means _____, when the art of _____ was being revived

rebirth / the Greeks and Romans

Unlike the art of the Gothic era, the Renaissance emphasized

painting

Renaissance artists felt that art should

reflect the physical world

In the Renaissance, artists for the first time were respected

because of what they could do

One great sculptor of the era was ______, who did _____

Ghiberti / The Gates of Paradise

Botticelli's The Birth of Venus is a Renaissance painting because of its _____ and _____

nudity / pagan subject matter

Botticelli's The Birth of Venus is an Early Renaissance painting because of its

shallow surface plane

Leonardo do Vinci's Mona Lisa demonstrates his mastery of the technique of sfumato, which means

like smoke

Michelangelo's David is a Renaissance statue because

it shows tension and facial expression

The Sistine Chapel ceiling is Michelangelo's attempt to

combine Classical culture with Christianity

_____'s painting The Tempest placed more emphasis on the landscape than on the people in it

Giogione

Anguissola's The Chess Game differs from Raphael's Pope Leo X in that the people portrayed by Anguissola

interact with each other

Holbein's portraits combine a realistic physical appearance with

character analysis

Two famous _____ artists are El Greco and Tintoretto

Mannerist

Among the characteristics of Mannerism are

elongated figures

Who were the Limbourgs

artist brothers

Lives of the Most Excellent Architects, Painters and Sculptors, a biography of Renaissance artists published in 1550, was written by

Vasari

In Neo-Platonic thought, the Biblical character Eve was identified with

Venus

One of the effects of the Renaissance was to change the status of artists in Europe from

skilled crafts workers to intellectuals

The German artist Hans Holbein was court painter to

King Henry VIII of England

The word renaissance means

"rebirth"

The technology of painting with oils was developed

by norhtern Europeans

The Renaissance artsist from Venice, such as Titian and Giorgione, were especially known for their mastery of

color and light

The era known as the High Renaissance encompasses a time period of about _____ years

twenty-five

The technique of Sfumato involves the use of

multiple layers of glazes

The theme of the Sistine Chapel ceiling frescoes comes from

None of the above

_____ organization, as seen in Masaccio's Trinity with the Virgin, St. John the Evangelist, and Donors, was a popular device among Renaissance artists of Italy

Triangular

Leonardo da Vinci was a skilled

All of the above

Giorgione's painting the Tempest shows the influence of his teacher

Bellini

Michelangelo, Raphael, and Botticelli were all commissioned to make art for

the Medici family

One of Michelangelo's major achievements was

redesigning St. Peter's cathedral

Northern European artists began using the system of linear perspective

about 75 years after it was first developed

Artists working in the Early Renaissance period include

Botticelli, Donatello, and Ghiberti

Which 15th century invention led to the decrease in the practive of illumination by hand

the printing press

The Isenheim Altarpiece, with its gruesome details of Christ's flesh wounds, originally hung in

a hospital for patients with skin disease

The movement that divided all of Europe into Protestant and Catholic camps is called

the Reformation

Vincenzo Perugia was

a thief

Which work is a fresco painting

Raphael's The school of athens, and Michelangelo's the Creation of Adam are frescoes

The three most vital centers of Italian art during the Renaissance were

Venice, Rome, and Florence

Which new group of art patrons emerged during the Renaissance

the merchant class

The Renaissance was

a revival of interest in ancient Greek and Roman ideals

The system of linear perspective was developed in the early 15th century in

italy

Michelangelo considered the field of _____ to be his foremost specialty

sculpture

Which characteristic helps define the art of 15th-century northern European artists

their precise rendering of surface details

The strance and artificial sense of form and space in 16th century italian painting is typical of

Manneriam

The use of _____ can be seen in the painting Madonna and Child with Saint Anne

sfumato

The emotional and dramatic Last Supper by Tintoretto reflects the artistic goals of

the Catholic Counter -Reformation

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