Chapter 29 Test

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APUSH 10th

As one progressive explained, the real heart' of the progressive movement was to

use the government as an agency of human welfare

Progressives who were among the strongest critics of injustice in early-twentieth-century America, received much of their inspiration from

the Greenback Labor party and the Populists

Match each late-19th century social critic below with the target of his criticism.
A) Thorstein Veblen
B) Jack London
C)Jacob Riis
D) Henry Demarest Lloyd
1. 'bloated trusts'
2. 'slum conditions'
3. 'conspicuous consumption'
4. destruction of nature

A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1

Progressivism

supported many reforms advocated by feminists

President Theodore Roosevelt branded reporters who tried to uncover injustice as 'muckrakers' because

he was annoyed by their excessive zeal

Match the earl 20th century muckraker below with the target of his or her expose
A) David Phillips
B) Ida Tarbell
C) Lincoln Steffens
D) Ray Stannard Baker
1. the US Senate
2. the standard oil company
3. city governments
4. the conditions of blacks

A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled 'The Shame of the Cities,'

unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government

The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they

sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it with democratic controls

Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the progressive attack on social ills was to

make the public aware of social problems

The two key goals pursued by progressives were to curb the threats posed by ________________ on the one hand and __________________ on the other.

trusts; socialists

Progressive reformers were mainly men and women from the

middle class

Political progressivism

emerged in both major parties, in all regions, at all levels of government

According to progressives, the cure for American democracy's ills was

more democracy

To regain the power that the people had lost to the 'interests,' progressives advocated all of the following except

socialism

All of the following were prime goals of earnest progressives except

opposition to Prohibition.

The progressive movement was instrumental in getting both the 17th and 18th amendments added to the Constitution. The 17th called for ________________, and the 18th called for _______________,

direct election of U.S.senators; prohibition

The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female progressive activity because they

introduced many middle-class women to a broader array of urban social problems and civic concerns

Which of the following was not among the issues addressed by women in the progressive movement?

ending special regulations governing women in the workplace

In Muller vs. Oregon, the Supreme Court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelly and Louis Brandeis that

female workers required special rules and protection on the job

The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led many states to pass

restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry

The case of Lochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor advocates because the Supreme Court in its ruling

declared a law limiting work to 10 hours a day unconstitutional

The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government

was designed to remove politics from municipal administration

Progressive reform at the level of city government seeme4d to indicate that the progressives' highest priority was

governmental efficiency

While president, Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as the

Square Deal

As a part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated all of the following except

control of labor

Theodore Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by

threatening to seize the mines and to operate them with federal troops

One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that

the national government did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute

The Elkins and Hepburn acts dealt with the subject of

railroad regulations

Theodore Roosevelt believed that trusts

were here to stay with their efficient means of production

The real purpose of Theodore Roosevelt's assault on trusts was to

prove that the government, not private business, ruled the country

President Roosevelt believed that the federal government should adopt a policy of __________________ trusts.

regulating

Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was facilitated by the publication of

Upton Sinclair's The Jungle

When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on the

plight of workers in the stockyards and meat-packing industry

Of the following legislation aimed at resource conservation, the only one associated with Theodore Roosevelt's presidency was the

Newlands Act

According to the text, Theodore Roosevelt's most enduring, tangible achievement may have been

his efforts supporting the environment

The idea of 'multiple-use resource management' included all of the following practices except

damming of rivers

Theodore Roosevelt weakened himself politically after his election in 1904 when he

announced that he would not be a candidate for a third term as president

The panic of 1907 stimulated reform in ______________ policy.

banking

Theodore Roosevelt is probably most accurately described as

a middle-of-the-road politician

While president, Theodore Roosevelt

greatly increased the power and prestige of the presidency

During his presidency, Theodore Roosevelt did all of the following except

aid the cause of the environment

As president, William Howard Taft

was wedded more to the status quo than to change

President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed

dollar diplomacy

The Supreme Court's 'rule of reason' in restraint-of-trade cases was handed down in a case involving

Standard Oil

Theodore Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because

William H. Taft had seemed to discard Roosevelt's policies

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