drum-shaped. forms the thick, anterior portion of the bone.
projects laterally and posteriorly between pedicles and laminae. ligaments and muscles are attached.
posterior, bony projection; one per vertebrae
the pedicles, laminae, and spinous process together complete it
vertebral arch is around it, spinal cord passes through it.
masses of fibrocartilage
seven of them. compromise bony axis of the neck.
supports the head. two kidney-shaped facets that articulate with the occipital condyles.
bears toothlike dens. lies in the ring of the atlas. atlas pivots around the dens when the head moves side to side.
twelve. larger than the cervical. long and pointed. articulates with a rib.
third curve of the spine; largest vertebrae; function to protect the spinal cord and support the weight of the body
triangular. five fused vertebrae. base of the vertebral column.
lowest part of the vertebral column. four fused vertebrae.