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temperature

measure of average kinetic energy of individual particles in an object

thermal energy

total energy of all of the particles in an object

heat

movement of thermal energy form a substance at a higher temperature to a substance at a lower temperature

conduction

process when heat is transferred from one particle to another without movement of matter

convection

movement that transfers heat within liquid

convection current

circular flow when hot water rises and cool water takes its place

radiation

transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves

conductor

material that conducts heat well

insulator

material that does not conduct heat well

specific heat

amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a substance by 1 kelvin

melting

change of state from solid to liquid

melting point

temperature at which solid becomes liquid

freezing

change of state from liquid to solid

vaporization

change of state from liquid to gas

evaporization

vaporization on the surface of a liquid

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