mid term texas history

1416 terms by Presz-Leland 

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mid term

Abrupt

Sudden and unexpected

Abundant

Very plentiful; more than enough

Accompany

to go along with; be together with

accumulate

collect or gather

Accustomed

In the habit of; used to

Adequate

Good enough to meet the need

Advise

To give advice to recommend

Aggravate

to make worse

agriculture

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

alcalde

the chief official of a Spanish Settlement

Analyze

To examine carefully; study closely

Anticipated

To expect; to foresee

Appeal

To make an important request (to someone for something)

archaea

domain which consists of single-celled prokaryotes that have distinctive cell membranes and cell walls (Archaeabacteria)

Archaic Era

800 bc- 479 bc

archeology

the study of ancient cultures based on artifacts and other remains

arm

supports the body tube

artifact

an object made by someone in the past

assimilated

to blend in, to incorporate information into the mind

Astonish

to surprise or greatly amaze

astronomy

the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space

atlatl

notched throwing stick used by hunters to propel spears farther and faster.

Attitude

a point of view; state of mind; way of thinking or feeling

Awkward

Clumsy; Not graceful

ayuntamiento

city hall

Betray

to be disloyal; turn against

binomial nomenclature

Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name

binomial nomenclature

Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name

biogenesis

the production of living organisms from other living organisms

blizzard

A heavy snowstorm with strong winds

body tube

connects the eyepiece to the revolving nosepiece

Brutal

Cruel; harsh; heartless

Category

a group of people or things having something in common; type

Cease

to stop; discontinue; quit

cell membrane

a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell

cell membrane

a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell

cell wall

a strong barrier that supports and protects plant cells

cell

the building blocks of all life

cells

the building blocks of all living things

Challenge

Something difficult to accomplish

chaos

a state of extreme confusion and disorder

chapel

a small building or place set aside for prayer and worship

chloroplast

organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy

civil settlements

a town of settlers usually near a mission or a presidio

Classify

To arrange or organize into groups or types; place in a category

climate

the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time

Coincide

to happen at the same time

colonists

a group of people who settle in a new country

Comparison

the act of checking or judging how two or more things are alike or different

Complex

Not simple; not easy to understand or figure out

conquistadors

spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain

Consent

To agree to something

Considerable

rather great; rather large

conspicuous

easily or plainly seen

Contrast

an obvious difference

control

in an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison

course adjustment

focuses the image in place

Critical

disapproving; tending to find fault

cultures

Way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs & customs

Current

Modern; existing now; in general use or practice today

Customary

Usual; commonly done

cytology

the study of cells

cytoplasm

a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended

cytoplasm

a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended

cytosol

the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm

Deliberate

done on purpose; carefully planned

Demonstrate

to explain or teach by showing

Dependent

Relying on something/someone

Deprive

To take away from; keep from having or enjoying

designated

Chosen for a special purpose

Desperate

Having a great need or desire

Determine

to find out exactly; figure out

Discipline

To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong

Dispose

to throw or give away; get rid of

Dispute

an argument; a quarrel

Distinct

Clear; obvious; easy to see or notice

DNA

unique genetic material found in all living things

domesticate

make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans

drought

a long period of dry weather

Eager

Looking forward to with great interest or desire

economy

system by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs

Eliminate

To get rid of; do away with

elsewhere

the place the townspeople are sent when they are released

Emphasis

Special attention; importance given to something

empire

a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler

empowered

to give power or authority to; to enable; to permit

endoplasmic reticulum

a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another

Endure

to put up with; bear patiently

epidemic

the rapid spread of a disease among many people

erosion

condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind

Establish

To bring into being; set up

eukaryote

A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles

Evident

obvious; clear

Exaggerate

to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; overstate

Excessive

too much; more than is reasonable

Exclaim

To speak or cry out suddenly, as from strong feelings or surprise

excuciating

causing great pain

exhilarating

invigorating and refreshing; cheering

expeditions

journeys by organized groups with definite objectives

extinct

No longer in existence

eyepiece

contains magnifying lenses you look through

Father Hidalgo

spanish friar that led a rebellion in 1810

Fertile

capable of producing / soil that can grow crops

fiestas

festivals or celebrations

fine adjustment

sharpens the image under high magnification

Formative Era

time where the major urban hearths came into existance

Fragile

easily broken or damaged

friar

A member of a catholic religious order

frigid

very cold

Frustration

a feeling of anger and helplessness that comes from misfortune, defeat, or failure; disappointment

Furthermore

In addition; besides

genus

a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms

genus

a classification of plants and animals

golgi body

a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell

Hesitate

To stop because of not being able to decide; put off acting because of feeling unsure

historians

people who study and write about the human past

homeostasis

the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant

Horizontal

Lying flat; lying or extending from side to side (as opposed to going up and down)

Humane

kind; sympathetic; merciful; gentle

hurricanes

fierce tropical storms with strong winds

hypothesis

a tentative theory about the natural world

imploringly

in a pleading, begging manner

Improper

Not in good taste; not right for a situation; not suitable

indescribable

not able to be told about in words; beyond description

Indicate

to show; serve as a sign or signal

Inhabit

to live in

integral

Necessary to complete something; essential

integrity

honesty, high moral standards; dependable, completeness, soundness

Intentional

done on purpose; planned

Interference

the act of getting in the way of something; meddling in someone else's business

Interpret

To explain the meaning of; make sense of

intricate

complicated, complex, detailed

kingdom

a basic group of natural objects

kingdom

the largest group into which living things can be classified

law

a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society

Linger

To delay leaving; remain, especially as if unwilling to leave

low power objective

contains the lens with the lowest power magnification

luminous

giving off light

luxurious

rich and superior in quality

Maintain

To continue; carry on; keep in existence

maize

corn

mammoths

large, hairy elephants that lived during the Ice Age

mastodons

prehistoric furry elephants

Minimum

Smallest in size or amount that is allowed or possible; least

Miserable

Very unhappy or uncomfortable

Misinterpret

To understand incorrectly

missions

religious settlements run by Catholic Priests and friars.

mitochondrion

cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use

multicellular

made of many cells