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Chemistry second test

acid

dissolving metal

acid

Litmus turns red

Acid

Produces H+ (proton) in H2O

Base

Bitter

Base

Slimy

Base

Litmus turns blue

Base

Produces OH- in H20

Acid

Proton Donor

Base

Proton Acceptor

Acid

1-6 Stomach acid, soda, coffee, urine

Base

8-14 Tap water, blood, tums, ammonia, bleach, KOH (draino)

Oxidation

Gains oxygen atoms

Reduction

Loss of Oxygen atoms

Oxidation

loss of hydrogen atoms

Reduction

gains of hydrogen atoms

Oxidation

loss of electrons

reduction

gain of electrons

Oxidizing Agent

The molecule/element that becomes reduced

Reducing Agent

The molecule/element that becomes oxidized

Carbon Chain Formula

CnH2n+2

Methane

1 Carbon

Ethane

2 Carbons

Propane

3 Carbons

Butane

4 Carbons

Pentane

5 Carbons

Hexane

6 Carbons

Heptane

7 Carbons

Octane

8 Carbons

Nonane

9 Carbons

"Wax"

18 Carbons

The "ene" ending

Double bonds in a clyclohydrocarbon

The "yne" ending

triple bonds in a cyclohydrocarbon

Tyrosine

Y

Threonine

T

Arginine

R

Cysteine

C

Glutamine

Q

Asparagine

N

Deoxyribose

Sugar found in DNA

Disaccharide

Lactose, Sucrose,

Monosaccharide

Glucose

polystyrene

coffee cups

Polyhexylene

PVC

polytetrafluoroethylene

teflon

Hemoglobin

Carries oxygen through body

beta

-1 electron

alpha

expels 4 protons

acetealdehyde

...

acetone

...

aldehyde

...

butyric avid

...

carboxylic

...

cylcloheanone

...

ethanol/alcohol

...

formaldehyde

...

formic acid

...

ketone

...

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