multiple choice

Created by Tierney13 

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a

In Federalist No.76, Alexander Hamilton declared that the president's real authority as chief executive is
a. the power to appoint.
b. the power to declare war.
c. the power to receive ambassadors.
d. the power to make treaties.
e. both the power to declare war and the power to make treaties.

b

Theodore Roosevelt was a proponent of
a. Whig theory.
b. stewardship theory.
c. executive theory.
d. modern theory.
e. elastic theory.

d

Signing statements
a. are written statements by the president to indicate that an executive order is to be carried out even if it conflicts with existing legislation.
b. are attached by the president to proposed legislation to indicate that the president will veto the legislation should it pass Congress.
c. are attached to legislation proposed indirectly by the president to indicate that said legislation would not earn a veto if passed in its current form.
d. are appended to a bill when the president signs it and are meant to indicate that the president does not necessarily intend to abide by particular provisions of a law.
e. are statements of objection that a lawmaker may attach to a bill even though that bill has passed the lawmaker's branch of Congress.

b

Since Andrew Jackson's time, ________ have won the presidency after having lost the popular vote.
a. Samuel Tilden (1876), Grover Cleveland (1888), and Harry Truman (1948)
b. Rutherford B. Hayes (1876), Benjamin Harrison (1888), and George W. Bush (2000)
c. Ulysses S. Grant (1868), Benjamin Harrison (1888), and George W. Bush (2000)
d. James Garfield (1880), Woodrow Wilson (1912), and Richard Nixon (1968)
e. James Buchanan (1856), Woodrow Wilson (1912), and George W. Bush (2000)

c

________ was the last major-party candidate to win his party's nomination without entering any primaries
a. Richard Nixon (1968)
b. Barry Goldwater (1964)
c. Hubert Humphrey (1968)
d. George McGovern (1972)
e. Jimmy Carter (1976)

e

Less than ________ percent of Americans say that they would not vote for a female president.
a. 50
b. 40
c. 30
d. 20
e. 5

c

The three states with the highest number of votes in the Electoral College are
a. New York, Florida, and Pennsylvania.
b. Texas, Illinois, and Ohio.
c. California, Texas, and New York.
d. Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Michigan.
e. Georgia, North Carolina, and Texas.

d

________ are the two states that do not use the unit rule in the Electoral College.
a. California and New Jersey
b. Florida and Georgia
c. Nevada and Utah
d. Maine and Nebraska
e. New Hampshire and Vermont

d

Which of the following is NOT a formal requirement for becoming president?
a. The individual must be 35 years old.
b. The individual must be a natural-born citizen.
c. The individual must be a resident in the United States for at least 14 years.
d. The individual must be resident of the same state for at least five years.
e. None of these answers is correct, as all are formal requirements for becoming president.

e

Which of the following is true of the president and foreign policy?
a. Presidential executive agreements with other countries are not legally binding in the way formal treaties are.
b. The framers anticipated that Congress would implement the president's foreign policy agenda.
c. The framers anticipated that the president would define the nation's foreign policy objectives.
d. Ambassador appointments made by the president are subject to approval by a two-thirds vote of the House of Representatives.
e. Treaties made by the president are subject to approval by a two-thirds vote of the Senate.

d

Which of the following was an action of Theodore Roosevelt that implemented his theory of presidential stewardship?
a. forcing Congress to meet in unscheduled open sessions
b. removing unfriendly Supreme Court justices from office
c. rejecting the Senate's power to approve treaties
d. challenging the power of business monopolies
e. taking the country into World War I

e

Which organization was created in 1939 to provide the president with staff necessary to coordinate the activities of the executive branch?
a. Legislative Liaison Staff
b. National Security Council
c. State Department
d. Department of Defense
e. Executive Office of the President

e

________ were impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives.
a. Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton
b. Bill Clinton and James Polk
c. Richard Nixon and Andrew Johnson
d. James Polk and Andrew Johnson
e. Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson

c

Which of the following is true of President George W. Bush's relationship with Congress?
a. He cast only two vetoes in his first five years of his presidency.
b. He got almost nothing he asked for from Congress in the early years of his presidency.
c. In the early years of his presidency, he got most of what he asked for from Congress.
d. His relationship with Congress became less contentious during the later years of his presidency.
e. He exercised more vetoes in the early years of his presidency than any other twentieth-century president.

a

________ used the presidency as a "bully pulpit."
a. Theodore Roosevelt
b. Calvin Coolidge
c. Warren Harding
d. William Howard Taft
e. Herbert Hoover

d

The EOP body that advises the president on economic issues is the
a. Federal Reserve.
b. Presidential Economic Council.
c. Executive Financial Planning Office.
d. National Economic Council.
e. Treasury Office.

c

________ was the president to champion the national convention as a means of nominating the presidential candidates of political parties.
a. George Washington
b. Thomas Jefferson
c. Andrew Jackson
d. James Madison
e. James Monroe

e

hich of the following presidents did NOT serve as vice president?
a. Lyndon Johnson
b. Richard Nixon
c. Gerald Ford
d. George H. W. Bush
e. George W. Bush

b

How many total votes are there in the Electoral College system?
a. 435
b. 538
c. 535
d. 600
e. 750

e

The ________ is in the Executive Office of the President.
a. National Security Council
b. White House Office
c. Office of Management and Budget
d. National Economic Council
e. All these answers are correct.

d

Which of the following is true about Congress?
a. In the nineteenth century, service in Congress was not a career for most of its members.
b. Most members of Congress today are professional politicians.
c. The vast majority of all incumbents get routinely reelected.
d. All of these are true: In the nineteenth century, service in Congress was not a career for most of its members; most members today are professional politicians; and the vast majority of all incumbents get routinely reelected.
e. None of these answers is correct.

e

2. Congressional incumbents have a roughly ________ percent probability of winning reelection.
a. 33
b. 50
c. 66
d. 80
e. 90

e

3. The Senate majority whip
a. is tasked with coordinating between officials of the political party in power and its members in the Senate.
b. is primarily responsible for aiding incumbent reelection efforts.
c. acts as the House majority leader in the case of the absence of that member.
d. controls the seniority system and chairmanship appointments.
e. sees to it that members know when important votes are scheduled.

b

4. Members of Congress earn approximately what salary per year?
a. $150,000
b. $170,000
c. $200,000
d. $400,000
e. $250,000

b

5. Under the U.S. Constitution, to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives a person must be ________ years of age, and ________ years of age to serve in the U.S. Senate.
a. 25; 25
b. 25; 30
c. 30; 30
d. 35; 40
e. 40; 50

e

6. Which of the following is true of Congress today?
a. About a third of the members of Congress are lawyers.
b. Women make up about 15 percent of Congress.
c. Members of Congress are overwhelmingly white and male.
d. Professionals (such as business executives, educators, or lawyers) make up roughly 90 percent of Congress.
e. All these answers are correct

d

7. Which of the following is true of 2009 Democratic efforts to pass comprehensive health care reform legislation?
a. The House and Senate both passed an identical bill that came out of conference committee.
b. The Senate and House were unable to pass even their own individual versions of the bill.
c. The Senate passed the House version of the bill because the conference committee could not reconcile the two versions.
d. Senate Democrats could not garner the three-fifths majority necessary to hold a vote on a compromise version of the legislation.
e. Senate Democrats were able to pass the reconciled version of the bill but the president handed down a veto.

c

8. After the president, ________ is widely considered the second most powerful federal official in Washington, D.C.
a. the vice president
b. the U.S. Senate majority leader
c. the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
d. the chief justice of the Supreme Court
e. the U.S. Senate president pro tempore

c

9. There are currently ________ voting members in the U.S. House of Representatives, and ________ voting members in the U.S. Senate.
a. 300; 50
b. 400; 80
c. 435; 100
d. 500; 150
e. 600; 200

a

10. Most of the work that is done in Congress today
a. is done through standing committees.
b. is done in conjunction with the president.
c. is done on the floor of each chamber.
d. occurs in private meetings with lobbyists.
e. None of these answers is correct.

d

11. ________ requires that each bill introduced in Congress be referred to the proper committee.
a. The U.S. Constitution
b. The Legislative Act of 1789
c. Public opinion
d. The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946
e. None of these answers is correct.

b

12. How is extended debate in the U.S. Senate terminated?
a. by a majority vote
b. by cloture
c. by the Senate Rules Committee
d. by the Senate majority leader
e. by the president of the Senate

c

13. Reconciliation of different House and Senate bills into a single identical bill is achieved by
a. standing committee chairs.
b. the leaders in both chambers.
c. conference committees.
d. both standing committee chairs and the leaders in both chambers.
e. None of these answers is correct.

d

14. Which of the following is true of congressional oversight?
a. Oversight is not pursued vigorously by Congress because of the magnitude of the task.
b. Congress spends more time on lawmaking functions than on oversight.
c. Congress spends more time on oversight when they are annoyed by or have discovered abuse by an agency.
d. All of these are true: Oversight is not pursued vigorously by Congress because of the magnitude of the task; Congress spends more time on lawmaking functions than on oversight; and Congress spends more time on oversight when they are annoyed by or have discovered abuse by an agency.
e. None of these answers is correct.

c

15. Nearly 90 percent of contributions by political action committees go to
a. liberals.
b. conservatives.
c. incumbents.
d. challengers.
e. third party candidates.

d

16. What is the term for redrawing congressional districts to favor one political party?
a. reapportionment
b. malapportionment
c. redistricting
d. gerrymandering
e. redlining

e

17. The ________ controls the scheduling of bills for debate in the U.S. House of Representatives.
a. House majority leader
b. House majority whip
c. House clerk
d. chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee
e. House Rules Committee

c

18. Which of the following is true of the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate?
a. The House and Senate are separate but unequal chambers; the Senate has considerably more authority than the House.
b. Very few democracies have a one-house dominant form of legislature.
c. The House and Senate are separate and co-equal chambers, and many democracies have a one-house dominant form of legislature.
d. Both chambers are much weaker than the House of Lords in Great Britain.
e. None of these answers is correct.

a

19. Which of the following statements is true about Congress?
a. The House and Senate employ a system of seniority for committee leadership positions.
b. The Senate, but not the House, employs a system of seniority for committee leadership positions.
c. A junior House member can rise to prominence more quickly than a junior Senate member.
d. The House, but not the Senate, employs a system of seniority for committee leadership positions.
e. All these answers are correct.

b

20. Which agency has primary responsibility for overseeing executive agencies' spending of money that has been appropriated by Congress?
a. General Accounting Office
b. Government Accountability Office
c. Congressional Budget Office
d. Office of Congressional Management and Budget
e. Congressional Accounting Office

b

1. ________ was the first woman to run on the national ticket of a major political party.
a. Sandra Day O'Connor
b. Geraldine Ferraro
c. Dianne Feinstein
d. Barbara Boxer
e. Hillary Rodham Clinton

a

2. One area in which African Americans have made substantial progress since the 1960s is
a. elective office.
b. in representation in the penal system.
c. in treatment by the judicial system.
d. in representation in the penal and judicial systems.
e. None of these answers is correct.

d

3. Women gained the right to vote in national elections in ________.
a. 1848
b. 1870
c. 1903
d. 1920
e. 1945

d

4. Which region of the world has the highest percentage of national legislative seats held by women?
a. North America
b. Latin America
c. East Asia
d. Scandinavia
e. East Africa

e

5. The "Southern Manifesto" was
a. a pledge by southern black activists to bring about full implementation of the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
b. a statement by black civil rights movement leaders that pledged nonviolent resistance as part of their protests against discrimination policies.
c. a pledge by southern state governors to use state militias as weapons against federal integration policies.
d. a coordination of southern lawmakers after the removal of federal troops in the wake of the Civil War to establish discriminatory legislation.
e. a call by southern congressmen to resist forced integration in the wake of the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision.

e

6. The strict scrutiny test applies to
a. race.
b. ethnicity.
c. gender.
d. age.
e. race and ethnicity.

c

7. Roughly ____ percent of black children live below the government-defined poverty line.
a. 10
b. 20
c. 40
d. 60
e. 80

c

8. In the case of United States v. Virginia (1996), the Supreme Court ruled that
a. strict racial quotas were a valid means of ensuring racial diversity on college campuses.
b. private colleges could refuse to admit prospective students on the basis of sexual orientation.
c. male-only admissions policies at state-supported military academies were unconstitutional.
d. because female instructors created an undue distraction at all-male universities, the schools in question could discriminate against women in their hiring practices.
e. colleges affiliated with a particular religion could not take the religious persuasion of job candidates into consideration during the hiring process.

d

9. What happened when federal troops withdrew from the South in 1877?
a. African Americans were treated the same as whites.
b. Laws were passed that reinstituted the practice of slavery, in practice if not in name.
c. In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court justices allowed separate and unequal treatment of African Americans.
d. Laws were enacted that segregated the races, and the Supreme Court, through the Plessy decision, tacitly allowed separate and unequal treatment of African Americans.
e. Racism was largely reduced as an open tool of government because of the need for blacks to contribute to the rebuilding of the southern economy.

d

10. Congress made Native Americans official citizens of the United States in ________.
a. 1789
b. 1828
c. 1865
d. 1924
e. 1963

b

11. In 2000, what did the Supreme Court justices rule with regard to the Boy Scouts?
a. The Boy Scouts organization could not ban gays from participating.
b. The Boy Scouts organization could ban gays from participating.
c. The Boy Scouts organization could not ban girls from participating.
d. The Boy Scouts organization could ban girls from participating.
e. None of these answers is correct.

e

12. In 2004, which state instituted same-sex marriage?
a. Vermont
b. Rhode Island
c. New York
d. California
e. None of these answers is correct.

e

13. The Supreme Court rejected the constitutionality of separate but equal facilities in
a. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education.
b. Plessy v. Ferguson.
c. Milliken v. Bradley.
d. United States v. Virginia.
e. Brown v. Board of Education.

c

14. According to Gunnar Myrdal, what is "America's curse"?
a. low voter turnout
b. greed
c. discrimination
d. alcoholism
e. pollution

c

15. As a movement leader, Cesar Chavez helped bring about which of the following?
a. the decision by Congress to remove restrictions on the number of migrant workers allowed in the country
b. Texas's decision to force employers to grant migrant workers better employment benefits
c. California's decision to allow migrant workers to bargain collectively
d. the passage of a federal law preventing open discrimination, in employment or in public and private service, against Hispanic Americans
e. the passage of several state laws granting "guest worker" status to migrant workers

b

16. African American men were granted suffrage in ________.
a. 1845
b. 1870
c. 1896
d. 1920
e. 1945

c

17. The use of busing as a remedy for segregated schools contributed to white flight to the suburbs, which was protected by
a. state policies that put busing programs in the hands of local school boards, which manipulated them to prevent black children from being bused into the suburbs.
b. state policies that placed suburban schools in categories exempt from federal control.
c. a Supreme Court decision that prohibited busing across school districts except where district boundaries had been deliberately drawn to keep the races apart.
d. the rapid incorporation of suburban schools as private entities that could avoid federal education policy influence.
e. a Supreme Court decision that disallowed busing programs in districts where a popular referendum, passable with a plurality of the vote, rejected the busing policy.

c

18. Which of the following is true about the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)?
a. Congress approved the ERA in the 1970s.
b. The ERA fell three states short of the three-fourths majority it needed to be ratified.
c. Congress approved the ERA in the 1970s, but it fell three states short of the three-fourths majority it needed to be ratified.
d. The ERA was ratified by only half the states.
e. Congress rejected the ERA every time it came up for a vote.

e

19. All disabled children were guaranteed a free, appropriate education in ________.
a. 1789
b. 1854
c. 1891
d. 1938
e. 1975

d

20. Which of the following statements is true?
a. During the early 1900s, Chinese and Japanese laborers were brought into the western states to work in mines and to build railroads.
b. In 1923, President Calvin Coolidge asked Congress for a relaxation of the ban on Chinese immigration.
c. Discrimination against Asians did not ease substantially until 1950.
d. In the 1800s, Chinese and Japanese laborers were brought into the western states; in 1930 Congress halted all immigration from Japan; discrimination against Asians did not ease substantially until 1965.
e. Immigration from Asia to the United States was higher in the early twentieth century than it was in the latter nineteenth century.

e

1. The Bill of Rights was enacted in ________.
a. 1776
b. 1781
c. 1787
d. 1789
e. 1791

b

2. Which test did the Supreme Court justices devise for free speech in Schenck v. United States (1919)?
a. undue burden test
b. clear and present danger test
c. imminent lawless action test
d. free liberty test
e. None of these answers is correct.

a

3. In 1925, the Supreme Court justices first ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment applied to the states in
a. Gitlow v. New York.
b. New York Times Co. v. United States.
c. Texas v. Johnson.
d. Roth v. United States.
e. New York Times Co. v. Sullivan.

d

4. Which amendment guarantees freedom of assembly?
a. Fifth
b. Second
c. Eighth
d. First
e. Third

d

5. In ________, the Supreme Court justices required the states to furnish attorneys for poor defendants in all felony cases.
a. Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
b. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
c. Benton v. Maryland (1969)
d. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
e. Duncan v. Louisiana (1968)

e

6. In 2007, the Supreme Court reversed an earlier ruling by determining that bans on partial-birth abortion were constitutional. One cause of this shift was the replacement of Justice Sandra Day O'Connor with
a. William Rehnquist.
b. Felix Frankfurter.
c. Anthony Kennedy.
d. Ruth Bader Ginsberg.
e. Samuel Alito.

c

7. Of the following nations, which has the largest rate of incarceration?
a. Japan
b. Great Britain
c. United States
d. Russia
e. China

c

8. Which Supreme Court case dealt with the publication of the "Pentagon Papers"?
a. Schenck v. U.S.
b. Fiske v. Kansas
c. New York Times Co. v. United States
d. Gitlow v. New York
e. Gideon v. Wainwright

c

9. What happened in Engel v. Vitale (1962)?
a. The Supreme Court justices upheld the constitutionality of vouchers.
b. The Supreme Court justices upheld the detention of enemy combatants by the government.
c. The Supreme Court justices ruled unconstitutional the reciting of prayers in the public schools.
d. The Supreme Court justices ruled unconstitutional the reciting of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools.
e. None of these answers is correct.

a

10. The Supreme Court decision in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989)
a. upheld a law that prohibited abortions from being performed in a state's publicly funded medical facilities.
b. overturned the Roe v. Wade decision for partial-birth abortions.
c. upheld a law providing for a fine and prison term for physicians who perform an abortion during the birth process even if the mother's life or health is endangered.
d. invalidated the use of federal or state funds for private abortion clinics.
e. extended the application of Roe v. Wade to provide protection for doctors who work at abortion clinics.

11. ________ has executed more prisoners in the past 25 years than any other state.
a. New York
b. California
c. North Dakota
d. Texas
e. Tennessee

12. The ________ Amendment prohibits "cruel and unusual punishment."
a. Second
b. Third
c. Seventh
d. Eighth
e. Twelfth

13. Which 1973 Supreme Court case stated that obscenity must be defined by "contemporary community standards"?
a. Roth v. United States
b. Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition
c. Engel v. Vitale
d. Van Orden v. Perry
e. Miller v. California


14. Which of the following is a real-world example of an action that the Supreme Court decided was a protected form of symbolic speech?
a. the burning of a draft registration card by a Vietnam War protester
b. blocking the entrance of an abortion clinic
c. a newspaper publication of the "Pentagon Papers"
d. the burning of the American flag in public
e. the advocation of the overthrow of the U.S. government in a peaceful public assembly

15. What was the constitutional justification of selective incorporation by the Supreme Court?
a. Fourteenth Amendment equal protection clause
b. Fourteenth Amendment due process clause
c. Fifth Amendment due process clause
d. First Amendment freedom of expression
e. First Amendment freedom of assembly

16. England's Glorious Revolution in 1689 focused primarily on the issue of
a. Parliamentary intrusions into personal privacy.
b. freedom of the press.
c. judicial activism.
d. religion.
e. unlawful arrests.

17. "You have the right to remain silent....Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law....You have the right to an attorney." This is called the ________ warning.
a. Miranda
b. Escobedo
c. Gideon
d. Mapp
e. Dickerson

18. ________ is a written attack on a person's reputation.
a. Libel
b. Slander
c. Obscenity
d. Libel, slander, and obscenity are all terms for written attacks on a person's reputation.
e. None of these answers is correct.

19. Which of the following is true of the USA Patriot Act of 2001?
a. Government was granted more leeway in its wiretapping activities.
b. Authorities were granted more discretion and a lower burden of proof when seeking to wiretap a suspected terrorist.
c. Government was granted enhanced investigative powers.
d. It has led to a reduction of America's constitutional protections.
e. All these answers are correct.

20. The plain view doctrine
a. prevents police officers from entering a home to search for a suspect if that suspect is not in plain sight.
b. prevents admissibility of evidence found in plain view if that evidence does not relate to the same infraction.
c. allows admissibility of evidence found in open sight, even if it relates to a different infraction.
d. requires police to have a warrant to enter a home for a search and seizure.
e. allows evidence obtained through improper procedures to be admissible if the police were acting in good faith.

d

11. ________ has executed more prisoners in the past 25 years than any other state.
a. New York
b. California
c. North Dakota
d. Texas
e. Tennessee

d

12. The ________ Amendment prohibits "cruel and unusual punishment."
a. Second
b. Third
c. Seventh
d. Eighth
e. Twelfth

e

13. Which 1973 Supreme Court case stated that obscenity must be defined by "contemporary community standards"?
a. Roth v. United States
b. Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition
c. Engel v. Vitale
d. Van Orden v. Perry
e. Miller v. California

d

14. Which of the following is a real-world example of an action that the Supreme Court decided was a protected form of symbolic speech?
a. the burning of a draft registration card by a Vietnam War protester
b. blocking the entrance of an abortion clinic
c. a newspaper publication of the "Pentagon Papers"
d. the burning of the American flag in public
e. the advocation of the overthrow of the U.S. government in a peaceful public assembly

b

15. What was the constitutional justification of selective incorporation by the Supreme Court?
a. Fourteenth Amendment equal protection clause
b. Fourteenth Amendment due process clause
c. Fifth Amendment due process clause
d. First Amendment freedom of expression
e. First Amendment freedom of assembly

d

16. England's Glorious Revolution in 1689 focused primarily on the issue of
a. Parliamentary intrusions into personal privacy.
b. freedom of the press.
c. judicial activism.
d. religion.
e. unlawful arrests.

a

17. "You have the right to remain silent....Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law....You have the right to an attorney." This is called the ________ warning.
a. Miranda
b. Escobedo
c. Gideon
d. Mapp
e. Dickerson

a

18. ________ is a written attack on a person's reputation.
a. Libel
b. Slander
c. Obscenity
d. Libel, slander, and obscenity are all terms for written attacks on a person's reputation.
e. None of these answers is correct.

e

19. Which of the following is true of the USA Patriot Act of 2001?
a. Government was granted more leeway in its wiretapping activities.
b. Authorities were granted more discretion and a lower burden of proof when seeking to wiretap a suspected terrorist.
c. Government was granted enhanced investigative powers.
d. It has led to a reduction of America's constitutional protections.
e. All these answers are correct.

c

20. The plain view doctrine
a. prevents police officers from entering a home to search for a suspect if that suspect is not in plain sight.
b. prevents admissibility of evidence found in plain view if that evidence does not relate to the same infraction.
c. allows admissibility of evidence found in open sight, even if it relates to a different infraction.
d. requires police to have a warrant to enter a home for a search and seizure.
e. allows evidence obtained through improper procedures to be admissible if the police were acting in good faith.

e

The framers of the Constitution created a federal system of government because
a. the states already existed
b. they felt that it would protect liberty
c. they felt that it would provide the foundation for an effective
d. the confederation system in existence was ineffective
e. all answers are correct

b...

___________ initially proposed that Congress charter a national bank.
a. Thomas Jefferson
b. Alexander Hamilton
c. James Madison
d. John Marshall
e. Aaron Burr

c...

What was the constitutional basis for the supreme court's decision in McCulloh v Maryland (1819)?
a. under the doctrine of implied powers, Congress had the power to create a national bank because it was assigned the powers to tax, borrow money, and regulate interstate commerce under the Constitution
b. national la was supreme over conflicting state law
c. under the doctrine of implied powers, Congress had the power to create a national bank because it was assigned the powers to tax, borrow money, and regulate interstate commerce under the Constitution , and national law was supreme over conflicting state law
d. sovereign states can tax the national government
e. congress lacked the authority to charter a national bank

d...

__________ created the doctrine of nullification based on the premise that each state had the constitution right to nullify a national law
a. John Marshall
b. Alexander Hamilton
c. Andrew jackson
d. John C Calhoun
e. Roget Taney

e...

What happened in the Dred Scott case of 1857?
a.the supreme court justices struck down the Missouri compromise
b. The Supreme Court justices struck down the Missouri Compromise of 1820 as unconstitutional.
c. The Supreme Court justices ruled that Dred Scott was property, and therefore ineligible to sue in the federal courts.
d. The Supreme Court justices ruled that slavery was unconstitutional.
e. All the statements are true, except the answer indicating that the Supreme Court ruled slavery unconstitutional.

d

6. In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court justices created
a. modern free speech doctrine.
b. the doctrine of fiscal federalism.
c. the doctrine of dual federalism.
d. the "separate but equal" standard.
e. the doctrine of implied powers.

d

7. Why do southern states get more revenue from the federal government than most other states?
a. The South is a Democratic region.
b. The South is a liberal region.
c. The South is both a Democratic and liberal region.
d. Poverty is more widespread in the South than other areas.
e. None of these answers is correct.

a

8. All of the following nations have a unitary or modified unitary form of government EXCEPT
a. Canada.
b. France.
c. Great Britain.
d. Japan.
e. Sweden.

d

9. Which of the following is true about the Supreme Court between 1865 and 1937?
a. It consistently ruled in favor of expanding the powers of Congress.
b. It consistently restricted national power.
c. It consistently ruled that Congress could not regulate child labor.
d. It consistently restricted national power and decreased the power of Congress to regulate business.
e. It consistently ruled against the segregation of the races.

d

10. At the worst depths of the Great Depression, ________ percent of the nation's work force was unemployed.
a. 5
b. 10
c. 15
d. 25
e. 50

c

11. In 1994, which Republican House leader declared that the "1960s-style federalism is dead"?
a. Robert Dole
b. Bill Clinton
c. Newt Gingrich
d. Trent Lott
e. Strom Thurmond

a

12. Devolution has resulted in
a. a modification of fiscal and cooperative federalism, rather than their demise.
b. the demise of fiscal federalism.
c. the demise of cooperative federalism.
d. more power centralized at the national level.
e. None of these answers is correct.

e

13. ________ was a leading figure in the American Revolution and later opposed ratification of the Constitution on the grounds that the national government should be a union of states and not also of people.
a. John Adams
b. Benjamin Franklin
c. Alexander Hamilton
d. James Madison
e. Patrick Henry

c

14. Which of the following is a concurrent power?
a. national defense
b. interstate commerce
c. taxation
d. education
e. police protection

e

15. Federalism was invented in
a. the ancient Greek city-states.
b. the medieval period.
c. Great Britain in 1514.
d. France in 1676.
e. America in 1787.

b

16. In 1937, Justice ________ abandoned his opposition to Franklin Roosevelt's policies and thus gave the president judicial support of key provisions of his New Deal legislation.
a. Edward Sanford
b. Owen Roberts
c. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
d. Joseph McKenna
e. William Day

a

17. Which of the following is true of the issue of the creation of a national bank?
a. Thomas Jefferson opposed a national bank for fear it would serve only wealthy interests at the expense of ordinary citizens.
b. Thomas Jefferson supported the right of the federal government to create a national bank based on its constitutional powers to tax and regulate commerce.
c. Alexander Hamilton rejected the idea that a national bank could be formed under the "implied powers" of the federal government.
d. Congress refused to establish a national bank for fear that it was encroaching on state powers.
e. Jefferson was ultimately successful in convincing Congress to establish a national bank and expanding federal power.

d

18. On what grounds did the Supreme Court strike down a federal act that prohibited the interstate shipment of goods produced by child labor, in the case Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)?
a. It validated the principle of self-government by granting states the right to regulate their own businesses.
b. It ruled that the necessary and proper clause prevented the federal government from infringing on state sovereignty in internal commerce matters.
c. It ruled that the commerce clause of the Constitution could not be applied to matters involving individual welfare or individual rights.
d. It ruled that the Tenth Amendment gave the states, and not the federal government, the power to regulate factory practices.
e. It ruled that child labor was a matter of individual welfare, which under the Tenth Amendment fell under the control of the states.

a

19. During the six years under the Articles of Confederation,
a. Congress could not tax or conscript citizens.
b. most states paid their full dues to Congress.
c. Congress routinely usurped the commerce powers of the states.
d. Congress shaped the national economy.
e. Congress greatly limited the power of the executive branch

b

20. In Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1935), the Supreme Court
a. invalidated the 1932 elections.
b. invalidated the National Industry Recovery Act, ruling that it usurped powers reserved to the states.
c. prevented a state from regulating labor practices.
d. prevented Congress from creating a federal regulatory agency.
e. prevented Congress from creating the Medicaid program.
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