5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- 3. Why the Republican-dominated Congress rejected Johnson's reconstruction efforts and what plan it enacted instead
- Civil Rights Act of 1875
- Sitting Bull
- Sherman Anti- Trust Act, 1890
- a -Sioux chief who resisted american expansion into tribal lands
-one of the native american leaders at the Battle of little Bighorn
-a supporter of the Ghost Dance movement
-he was killed by tribal police while being arrested in 1890
- b a return of part of an original amount paid for some service or merchandise
- c -John Sherman of Ohio
-outlawed trusts and any other contracts or combinations in restraint of trade and slapped violators with fines of up to $5,000 and a year in jail
-didn't clearly define trust or restraint of trade
-Standard Oil used the excuse that they weren't a trust but rather an enormous holding company
- d -They rejected his reconstruction plan because it allowed for Confederate leaders to become prominent in office once more (Alexander Stevens, former Confederate VP, was elected as senator from Georgia)
-The Republican reconstruction acts of 1867: south placed under military control & divided them into 5 districts. They also increased the requirements for gaining readmission to the Union in which they must ratify 14th amendment and place guarantees in its constitution for granting the right to vote to all males despite race.
- e Last major piece of Reconstruction legislation this law prohibited racial discriminations in all public accommodations, transportation, places of amusement, and juries. Law was poorly enforced.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Ku Klux Klan = An organization of white supremacists that used lynchings, beatings, and threats to control the black population in the United States. Expressed beliefs in respect for the American woman and things purely American [anti-immigrant]. Strongest periods were after the Civil War, a resurfacing in 1915 [on Stone Mountain, GA.] continuing through the 1920s, and another upsurge in the 1990s.
- -(1863) Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (10% plan)
- full pardon would go to southerners who (1) took an oath of alliance and (2) accepted emancipation of slaves AND state gov't. could be reestablished and accepted as legitimate by president as soon as 10% of state voters took loyalty oath
- sociologist who wrote Dynamic Sociology in 1883 and other books , in which he argued that civilization was not governed by natural selection but by human intelligence, which was capable of shaping society as it wished, and he believed that an active government engaged in positive planning, which was societies best hope.
5 True/False Questions
William Graham Sumner and conservative Social Darwinism → Wovoka - he was a new prophet, who promised to restore the sioux to their original dominance on the plains if they performed the ghost dance
-religion practiced by the Sioux
-thought that a Native American messiah would come and banish the whites, return the buffalo, and give all land back to the Native Americans
-worried officials ordered Sioux leader Sitting Bull's arrest and attacked the Sioux at Wounded Knee
-December 28, 1890
-"battle" that marked the last military resistance of Native Americans to American expansion
-when American soldiers attempted to disarm a group of Sioux camped at Wounded Knee, a shot started a confused gunfight that killed 25 soldiers and more than 200 Sioux
United States v. E. C. Knight Co. → -1895
-Knight firm, together with four other corporations, controlled more than 90% of all U.S. sugar refining and therefore operated in illegal restraint of trade
-Court threw out the suit drawing a distinction between commerce and manufacturing and defining the latter as a local concern, not a part of interstate commerce
-the Court's decision ignored the fact that most trusts dominated the market through their extensive interstate distribution webs
Timber Culture, Desert land, and Timber and Stone acts, 1870s → This group advocated civil service reform, an end of railroad subsidies, withdrawal of troops from the South, reduced tariffs, and free trade.
Horace Greeley = Editor of the New York Tribune; presidential nominee for the Liberal Republicans and the Democrats for the 1872 election; lost to Grant and died a few weeks after his defeat.
Frederick Jackson Turner's "frontier thesis" → Grady- This newspaper editor of the Atlanta Constitution encouraged S economic growth & proclaimed the boundless industrial potential.
NSC - The belief that the S unprecedented natural resourced and cheap labor, they argued made it a natural site for industrial development.
Mississippi Plan and redemption → organization of a single corporation to control all stages of manufacturing, from obtaining raw materials to marketing the finished product