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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. subsidize
  2. Andrew Carnegie
  3. Wovoka, the Ghost Dance, and Wounded Knee
  4. 1. Lincoln's plan of reconstruction and what he hoped to accomplish with it
  5. Oklahoma "sooners"
  1. a -Scottish
    -started off poor and immigrated to America when he was 12 (1848)
    -was a bobbin boy in Pittsburgh and then a Western Union messenger boy
    -his big break came in 1852 when Tom Scott, superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad's western division, hired him as secretary and personal telegrapher
    -at 24 he took over as head of the line's western division
    -early 1870s he decided to build his own steel mill and he introduced the Bessemer production technology of blasting air through the steel to remove carbon and other impurities
    -used vertical integration (doing everything from gathering the raw materials to selling the finished product)
    -by 1900 Carnegie Steel, employing 20,000 people, had become the worlds largest corporation
    -eventually sold the company to J.P. Morgan
    -had ingenuity in transferring organizational systems and cost-accounting methods from railroads to steel
    -kept wages as low as possible
  2. b -(1863) Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (10% plan)
    - full pardon would go to southerners who (1) took an oath of alliance and (2) accepted emancipation of slaves AND state gov't. could be reestablished and accepted as legitimate by president as soon as 10% of state voters took loyalty oath
  3. c ...
  4. d Wovoka - he was a new prophet, who promised to restore the sioux to their original dominance on the plains if they performed the ghost dance
    -religion practiced by the Sioux
    -thought that a Native American messiah would come and banish the whites, return the buffalo, and give all land back to the Native Americans
    -worried officials ordered Sioux leader Sitting Bull's arrest and attacked the Sioux at Wounded Knee
    -December 28, 1890
    -"battle" that marked the last military resistance of Native Americans to American expansion
    -when American soldiers attempted to disarm a group of Sioux camped at Wounded Knee, a shot started a confused gunfight that killed 25 soldiers and more than 200 Sioux
  5. e to give governmental aid to a private business to encourage its development

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)
  2. -1895
    -Knight firm, together with four other corporations, controlled more than 90% of all U.S. sugar refining and therefore operated in illegal restraint of trade
    -Court threw out the suit drawing a distinction between commerce and manufacturing and defining the latter as a local concern, not a part of interstate commerce
    -the Court's decision ignored the fact that most trusts dominated the market through their extensive interstate distribution webs
  3. New York politician and boss of local dem. party, who, through fraudulent billing and embezzlement, defrauded the city of New York out of between 25 and 200 million dollars. (with friends called the Tweed Ring)
  4. 1865-Organization created at end of Civil War that aided southerns (mainly former slaves) with education, finding food, shelter and employment.
  5. -Stevens = PA Congressman who hoped to revolutionize southern society through an extended period of military rule in which blacks would be free to exercise their civil rights, receive education, and receive lands from planter class (Radical Republican)
    -Sumner = radical senator from MA
    -radical rep's. = A small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.

5 True/False questions

  1. Interstate Commerce Act, 1887-bill that created America's first regulatory commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission
    -purpose was to regulate the railroads and railroad rates, and to ensure "reasonable and just" rates


  2. 10. What happened to the Hispanic population of the Southwest after 1848-diseases such as smallpox, measles, and diphtheria ravaged the Native population
    -settlers moved with increasing frequency west and uprooted the Native's from their land
    -railroads killed off the buffalo to prevent damage to their tracks
    -armies massacred peaceful Indian's and forced them onto reservations that were not compatible with their way of life


  3. rebateto seek to influence legislators' votes for or against a bill; many groups hire persons called lobbyists to do this for them


  4. George Armstrong CusterReservation set aside after sioux tribes signed the fort laramie treaty


  5. Joint Committee on ReconstructionEstablished on December 13, 1865 and drafted the 14th ammendment and required south to ratify it...Republicans in it included Thaddeus Stevens and 15 members


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