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Chapter 16, 17, 18 Study Guide Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Thomas A. Edison
  2. pool
  3. Henry George, Progress and Poverty
  4. polygamy
  5. United States v. E. C. Knight Co.
  1. a the practice of having more than one spouse at one time
  2. b California writer and activist, his angrily eloquent book Progress and Poverty, published in 1879, became one of the best selling nonfiction works in American publishing history. He blamed social problems on the ability of a few monopolists to grow wealthy as a result of rising land values, and that the increase in the value of the land was an unearned increment, produced by the growth of society, and that the profits belonged to the community.
  3. c an agreement among formerly competing companies to set uniform prices and divide the business among themselves according to a predetermined formula; the purpose is to maximize profits by ending competition
  4. d -1895
    -Knight firm, together with four other corporations, controlled more than 90% of all U.S. sugar refining and therefore operated in illegal restraint of trade
    -Court threw out the suit drawing a distinction between commerce and manufacturing and defining the latter as a local concern, not a part of interstate commerce
    -the Court's decision ignored the fact that most trusts dominated the market through their extensive interstate distribution webs
  5. e -born in 1847 in Milan, Ohio
    -1868: his first major invention, the stock-quotation printer
    -with the money he earned from patents, he was able to set up his first "invention factory" in Newark, New Jersey, a research facility tha the moved to nearby Menlo Park in 1876
    -1877: invented the phonograph
    -1879: perfected the light bulb
    -backed financially by J.P. Morgan, the Edison Illuminating Company in 1882 opened a power plant in NYC's financial district, furnishing lighting for 85 buildings
    -in the late 1800s he relinquished control of his enterprises being embittered in legal battles over patent infringements for his electric light
    -1892: with J.P. Morgan's help, Edison's company merged with a major competitor to form the General Electric Company (GE)
    -other inventions: mimeograph machine, the microphone, the motion-picture camera and film, and the storage battery
    -1,093 patented inventions and an estate worth more than $6 million

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Strike of workers living in George Pullman's model company town near Chicago. Pullman announced a general cut in wages and fired leaders of the workers' delegation who tried to bargin with him. The workers then laid down their tools and asked the American Railroad Union for help. The union's boycott tied up rail transportation across the country. After the leader of the ARU in jail for six-months, the supreme court approved the use of court injunctions against strikes, which gave employers a very powerful weapon to break unions.
  2. 1866 - established by William Sylvis - wanted 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor - attempt to unite all laborers
  3. 1865-Organization created at end of Civil War that aided southerns (mainly former slaves) with education, finding food, shelter and employment.
  4. ...
  5. United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)

5 True/False Questions

  1. Credit Mobilierto hand over land or valuable rights, usually by treaty


  2. 2. Andrew Johnson's plan of reconstruction, what he hoped to accomplish with it, why it failed-(issued May 1865) similar to lincoln's plan yet also provided for disenfranchisement of: (1) all former leaders of the confederacy and (2) Confederates w/more than $20,000 in taxable property
    ----this resulted in the pardoning of many Confederate leaders who came back in office


  3. Knights of the White Camellia, regulators, and Ku Klux Klan(1870, 1871) Gave power to federal authoriites to stop Ku Klux Klan violence and to protect the civil rights of citizens in the South


  4. Carlisle Indian Schoolsociologist who wrote Dynamic Sociology in 1883 and other books , in which he argued that civilization was not governed by natural selection but by human intelligence, which was capable of shaping society as it wished, and he believed that an active government engaged in positive planning, which was societies best hope.


  5. 15. The beginnings of a conservation movementEstablished on December 13, 1865 and drafted the 14th ammendment and required south to ratify it...Republicans in it included Thaddeus Stevens and 15 members


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