5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- John D. Rockefeller
- 8. Why land was not redistributed in the South and the consequences of leaving land concentrated in the hands of white planters
- Knights of the White Camellia, regulators, and Ku Klux Klan
- 6. Why the South lagged behind the North in industrialization and the unique characteristics that southern industry developed
- carpetbaggers and scalawags
- a -founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870
-stressed the importance of providing a reliable product in winning customer loyalty
-had a passion for cost cutting and efficiency
-forced out competitors but slashing prices
-when some competitors banded together against him he set up a pool (an agreement among several companies) that established production quotas and fixed prices
-this lead him to control 90% of the companies oil-refining capacity by 1879
-1882: founded the Standard Oil Trust
-within three years it had consolidated crude-oil buying throughout its member firms and slashed the number of refineries by half
-he integrated the petroleum industry both vertically-by controlling every function from production to local retailing- and horizontally-by merging the competing oil companies into one giant system
- b carpetbaggers were Northern Republicans who went South to participate in Reconstruction governments; although they possessed a variety of motives, southerners often viewed them as opportunistic, poor whites—a carpetbag was cheep luggage—hoping to exploit the South.
...scalawags were white republican southerners who cooperated with and served in Reconstruction governments; generally eligible to vote, they were usually considered traitors to their states
- c Ku Klux Klan = An organization of white supremacists that used lynchings, beatings, and threats to control the black population in the United States. Expressed beliefs in respect for the American woman and things purely American [anti-immigrant]. Strongest periods were after the Civil War, a resurfacing in 1915 [on Stone Mountain, GA.] continuing through the 1920s, and another upsurge in the 1990s.
- d The post-Civil War South lacked capital and technically trained personnel. The war shattered the southern economy; by 1865 the south, with 25% of the nation's population, had only 2% of its banks.
- e ...
5 Multiple choice questions
- Last major piece of Reconstruction legislation this law prohibited racial discriminations in all public accommodations, transportation, places of amusement, and juries. Law was poorly enforced.
- a return of part of an original amount paid for some service or merchandise
-Knight firm, together with four other corporations, controlled more than 90% of all U.S. sugar refining and therefore operated in illegal restraint of trade
-Court threw out the suit drawing a distinction between commerce and manufacturing and defining the latter as a local concern, not a part of interstate commerce
-the Court's decision ignored the fact that most trusts dominated the market through their extensive interstate distribution webs
- (1865) officially abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude
5 True/False questions
William H. Sylvis and the National Labor Union → He was an advocate of Social Darwinism claiming that the rich were a result of natural selection and benefits society. He, like many others promoted the belief of Social Darwinism which justified the rich being rich, and poor being poor.
4. Why the Republicans impeached President Johnson and then failed to convict him → -They impeached him due to both his reconstruction plan and also that he allowed black codes, and attempted to vetoe bills such as those increasing Freedmans Bureau and the civil rights act of 1866...then when Johnson vetoed the Tenure of Office Act (limiting his powers) and then fought against it when his veto was overridden he challenged it again and they impeached him
-they failed to impeach him because they were one vote short of 2/3rds vote since 7 moderate republicans had joined Dem's because they did not agree w/vetoing for political reasons
10. The attempts of labor to improve its condition through unionization and strikes and why those efforts had little success → -Large railroads would purposely set their rate lower than smaller competitors to drive the competitor out of business. They would then raise the rates and hurt those using the lines.
-in the 1880s the Supreme Court negated the state governments attempts to set prices
-1887: Shelby M. Cullom's study lead Congress to pass the Interstate Commerce Act (which established the five-member Interstate Commerce Commission to oversee the prices of railroads that passed through more than one state)
-the law also banned monopolistic activity like pooling, rebates, and discriminatory short-distance rates
-by 1905 of the sixteen cases brought by the railroads to the Supreme Court, the Court had only sided against the railroads in one which in essence, negated the ICC
Lester Frank Ward → -Sioux chief who resisted american expansion into tribal lands
-one of the native american leaders at the Battle of little Bighorn
-a supporter of the Ghost Dance movement
-he was killed by tribal police while being arrested in 1890
Samuel J. Tilden → Hayes' opponent in the 1876 presidential race, he was the Democratic nominee who had gained fame for putting Boss Tweed behind bars. He collected 184 of the necessary 185 electoral votes.