5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Freedmen 's Bureau
- carpetbaggers and scalawags
- Chief Joseph
- 8. Why land was not redistributed in the South and the consequences of leaving land concentrated in the hands of white planters
- J. Pierpont Morgan
- a 1865-Organization created at end of Civil War that aided southerns (mainly former slaves) with education, finding food, shelter and employment.
- b -investment banker
-gained control of many railroads; he took over weakened systems, reorganized their administration, refinanced their debts, and but intersystem alliances
-headed up Federal Steel which he ended up combining with Carnegie Steel after he bought Carnegie's shares
-the new company was called United States Steel Corporation
-first business capitalized at more than $1 billion
- c carpetbaggers were Northern Republicans who went South to participate in Reconstruction governments; although they possessed a variety of motives, southerners often viewed them as opportunistic, poor whites—a carpetbag was cheep luggage—hoping to exploit the South.
...scalawags were white republican southerners who cooperated with and served in Reconstruction governments; generally eligible to vote, they were usually considered traitors to their states
- d ...
- e -led the Nez Perces on their flee to Canada
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- -designed to reform Indian's absence of property and their nomadic tradition by turning them into landowners and farmers
-emphasized severalty, or the treatment of Indians as individuals rather than as members of tribes, and called for the breakup of the reservations
--provided for the distribution of 160 acres of reservation land for farming, or 320 acres for grazing, to each head of an Indian family who accepted the law's provisions
-the remaining reservation lands (often the richest) were to be sold to speculators and settlers, and the income thus obtained would go toward purchase of farm tools
-to prevent unscrupulous people from gaining control of the lands granted to individual Indians, the government would hold the property of each tribal member in trust for 25 years. Those Indians who accepted allotments would in 25 years also be declared citizens of the U.S. with all the rights and responsibilities that attended such status, including the protection of federal laws and requirement to pay taxes
-had supported from western speculators, military authorities,and "friends of the Indian" like Helen Hunt Jackson
-most of the best land went to speculators and the Natives land was too dry and gravelly for farming
Bill that promised indians tracts of land to farm in order to assimilate them into white culture. the bill was resisted, uneffective, and disastrous to indian tribes
- (1867) Radical attempt to further diminish Andrew Johnson's authority by providing that the president could not remove any civilian official without Senate approval; Johnson violated the law by removing Edwin Stanton as secretary of war, and the House of Representatives impeached him over his actions.
- an agreement that employers forced employees to sign swearing that they would not join unions or strike
- -sought to rally public opinion against the government's record of broken treaty obligations
-Her book exposed the unjust manner in which the US government had treated the Indians.
-protested the Dawes Severalty Act.
- Established on December 13, 1865 and drafted the 14th ammendment and required south to ratify it...Republicans in it included Thaddeus Stevens and 15 members
5 True/False Questions
postbellum → an agreement among formerly competing companies to set uniform prices and divide the business among themselves according to a predetermined formula; the purpose is to maximize profits by ending competition
1. What doomed the Plains Indians' traditional way of life → 1866 - established by William Sylvis - wanted 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor - attempt to unite all laborers
Henry W. Grady and the "New South Creed" → Grady- This newspaper editor of the Atlanta Constitution encouraged S economic growth & proclaimed the boundless industrial potential.
NSC - The belief that the S unprecedented natural resourced and cheap labor, they argued made it a natural site for industrial development.
15. The beginnings of a conservation movement → (1867) Radical attempt to further diminish Andrew Johnson's authority by providing that the president could not remove any civilian official without Senate approval; Johnson violated the law by removing Edwin Stanton as secretary of war, and the House of Representatives impeached him over his actions.
"watering" stock → issuing stock certificates far in excess of the value of a corporation's assets; stock in a company that has overissued in this manner is called "watered stock"