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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Liberal Republicans and Horace Greeley
  2. Wabash v. Illinois, 1886
  3. United States v. E. C. Knight Co.
  4. J. Pierpont Morgan
  5. Homestead strike, 1892
  1. a This group advocated civil service reform, an end of railroad subsidies, withdrawal of troops from the South, reduced tariffs, and free trade.
    Horace Greeley = Editor of the New York Tribune; presidential nominee for the Liberal Republicans and the Democrats for the 1872 election; lost to Grant and died a few weeks after his defeat.
  2. b declared state-passed granger laws that regulated interstate commerce unconstitutional.
  3. c -investment banker
    -gained control of many railroads; he took over weakened systems, reorganized their administration, refinanced their debts, and but intersystem alliances
    -headed up Federal Steel which he ended up combining with Carnegie Steel after he bought Carnegie's shares
    -the new company was called United States Steel Corporation
    -first business capitalized at more than $1 billion
  4. d -1895
    -Knight firm, together with four other corporations, controlled more than 90% of all U.S. sugar refining and therefore operated in illegal restraint of trade
    -Court threw out the suit drawing a distinction between commerce and manufacturing and defining the latter as a local concern, not a part of interstate commerce
    -the Court's decision ignored the fact that most trusts dominated the market through their extensive interstate distribution webs
  5. e Henry Clay Frick, a manager of Andrew Carnegie's Homestead Steel plant, precipitated a strike in 1892 by cutting wages by nearly 20 percent.Frick used the weapons of the lockout, private guards, and strikebreakers to defeat the steelworkers' walkout after five months. The failure of the Homestead strike set back the union movement in the steel industry until the New Deal in the 1930's.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a person who invests in and develops new economic enterprises and employs productive labor
  2. carpetbaggers were Northern Republicans who went South to participate in Reconstruction governments; although they possessed a variety of motives, southerners often viewed them as opportunistic, poor whites—a carpetbag was cheep luggage—hoping to exploit the South.
    ...scalawags were white republican southerners who cooperated with and served in Reconstruction governments; generally eligible to vote, they were usually considered traitors to their states
  3. Reservation set aside after sioux tribes signed the fort laramie treaty
  4. 1866 - established by William Sylvis - wanted 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor - attempt to unite all laborers
  5. Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.

5 True/False Questions

  1. John M. Chivington and the Sand Creek Massacre...


  2. 6. The hardships and risks experienced by Great Plains farmers...


  3. Mississippi Plan and redemption...


  4. severaltythe legal situation in which property, such as land, is held or owned by separate or individual right, as opposed to collective ownership


  5. 11. Why labor favored immigration restriction and what, if anything, government did about it...


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