5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 10 percent plan versus Wade-Davis bill
- "Seward's Ice Box"
- greenbacks and the Greenback party
- 4. Why the Republicans impeached President Johnson and then failed to convict him
- 7. Developments in the black family and black institutions during Reconstruction
- a Seward's folly. Secretary of state william seward was able to purchase alaska for only $7.2 million; yet his enthusiasm was in contrast to the public's who viewed the purchase as a waste. reconstruction occupied americans were economy minded and anti-expansionist. The purchase would prove to be fruitful when alaska proved profitable with its availability of natural resources like oil and gas.
- b Name given to paper money issued by the government during the Civil War, so called because the back side was printed with green ink. They were not redeemable for gold, but $300 million were issued anyway. Farmers hit by the depression wanted to inflate the notes to cover losses, but Grant vetoed an inflation bill and greenbacks were added to permanent circulation. In 1879 the federal government finally made greenbacks redeemable for gold.
- c -(1863) Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (10% plan)
- full pardon would go to southerners who (1) took an oath of alliance and (2) accepted emancipation of slaves AND state gov't. could be reestablished and accepted as legitimate by president as soon as 10% of state voters took loyalty oath VS.
-congress was against this and wanted Wade-Davis Bill (1864) Harsh Congressional Reconstruction bill that provided the president would appoint provisional governments for conquered states until a majority of voters (50%) took an oath of loyalty to the Union; it required the abolition of slavery by new state constitutions, the disenfranchisement of Confederate officials, and the repudiation of Confederate debt. Lincoln killed the bill with a pocket veto
- d -They impeached him due to both his reconstruction plan and also that he allowed black codes, and attempted to vetoe bills such as those increasing Freedmans Bureau and the civil rights act of 1866...then when Johnson vetoed the Tenure of Office Act (limiting his powers) and then fought against it when his veto was overridden he challenged it again and they impeached him
-they failed to impeach him because they were one vote short of 2/3rds vote since 7 moderate republicans had joined Dem's because they did not agree w/vetoing for political reasons
- e ...
5 Multiple choice questions
- -bill that created America's first regulatory commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission
-purpose was to regulate the railroads and railroad rates, and to ensure "reasonable and just" rates
-started off poor and immigrated to America when he was 12 (1848)
-was a bobbin boy in Pittsburgh and then a Western Union messenger boy
-his big break came in 1852 when Tom Scott, superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad's western division, hired him as secretary and personal telegrapher
-at 24 he took over as head of the line's western division
-early 1870s he decided to build his own steel mill and he introduced the Bessemer production technology of blasting air through the steel to remove carbon and other impurities
-used vertical integration (doing everything from gathering the raw materials to selling the finished product)
-by 1900 Carnegie Steel, employing 20,000 people, had become the worlds largest corporation
-eventually sold the company to J.P. Morgan
-had ingenuity in transferring organizational systems and cost-accounting methods from railroads to steel
-kept wages as low as possible
- helped fund the construction of the union pacific transcontinental railroad with the use of land grants and government bonds.
- 1866 - established by William Sylvis - wanted 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor - attempt to unite all laborers
- after the war; usually meaning after the Civil War
5 True/False questions
John M. Chivington and the Sand Creek Massacre → ...
horizontal integration → organization of a single corporation, through consolidation measures, to gain broad control over all manufacturing of a particular product
Fifteenth Amendment → Fifteenth Amendment--Constitutional amendment that says the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude...(Black suffrage)
Great Railroad Strike of 1877 → Strike of workers living in George Pullman's model company town near Chicago. Pullman announced a general cut in wages and fired leaders of the workers' delegation who tried to bargin with him. The workers then laid down their tools and asked the American Railroad Union for help. The union's boycott tied up rail transportation across the country. After the leader of the ARU in jail for six-months, the supreme court approved the use of court injunctions against strikes, which gave employers a very powerful weapon to break unions.
The Grange and the Granger laws → -formed in 1867
-an association of farmers that provided social activities and information about new farming techniques
-some local grange organizations became involved in cooperative buying and selling