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Chapter 16, 17, 18 Study Guide Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. 4. The provisions of the Homestead Act and why it did not work out as well as its sponsors had intended
  2. 4. How government tried to stop the growth of trusts and monopolies and why its efforts failed
  3. 2. Why state and federal governments attempted to regulate railroad practices and why these attempts were unsuccessful
  4. Mother Jones
  5. Samuel Gompers and the Amencan Federation of Labor
  1. a United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)
  2. b -Large railroads would purposely set their rate lower than smaller competitors to drive the competitor out of business. They would then raise the rates and hurt those using the lines.
    -in the 1880s the Supreme Court negated the state governments attempts to set prices
    -1887: Shelby M. Cullom's study lead Congress to pass the Interstate Commerce Act (which established the five-member Interstate Commerce Commission to oversee the prices of railroads that passed through more than one state)
    -the law also banned monopolistic activity like pooling, rebates, and discriminatory short-distance rates
    -by 1905 of the sixteen cases brought by the railroads to the Supreme Court, the Court had only sided against the railroads in one which in essence, negated the ICC
  3. c Gompers - United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1924 (1850-1924)

    AFL - a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955
  4. d ...
  5. e -the government tried to impose the Sherman Anti-Trust Act in 1890 but it was too vaguely worded
    -the Supreme Court also interpreted the act in ways that were too sympathetic to big business (difference between commerce and manufacturing)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Fifteenth Amendment--Constitutional amendment that says the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude...(Black suffrage)
  2. Chicago: labor violence was breaking out at Chicago's McCormick Harvester plant. On May 4, there was a public meeting in Haymarket Square. Police attempted to break up the meeting, someone threw a bomb which killed seven police officers. No one found the bomb thrower. Eight anarchist leaders were tried and seven were sentenced to death. From this bombing, many Americans concluded that the union movement was radical and violent.
  3. Refers to the mass movement of african americans from states along the mississippi river to kansas in the late nineteenth century, and was the first general migration of blacks following the civil war.
  4. -before the 1860s, the West was treated as a vast Indian reserve
    -after 1860 the federal government divided it up into smaller, separate tribal reservations where the Indians were to be concentrated, by force, if necessary, and where they were expected to change nomadism for a settled agricultural life
    -the Indians were forced to give up their way of life and become "Christianized"
    -they were slaughtered if they resisted the move at all and their way of life was destroyed
  5. -1887: Shelby M. Cullom's study lead Congress to pass it -established the five-member Interstate Commerce Commission to oversee the prices of railroads that passed through more than one state
    -the law also banned monopolistic activity like pooling, rebates, and discriminatory short-distance rates
    -by 1905 of the sixteen cases brought by the railroads to the Supreme Court, the Court had only sided against the railroads in one which in essence, negated the ICC

5 True/False Questions

  1. 15. The beginnings of a conservation movementRefers to the mass movement of african americans from states along the mississippi river to kansas in the late nineteenth century, and was the first general migration of blacks following the civil war.

          

  2. 7. The impact of industrialization on labor, including southerners, women, immigrants, and skilled and unskilled workers...

          

  3. Civil Rights Act of 1875Last major piece of Reconstruction legislation this law prohibited racial discriminations in all public accommodations, transportation, places of amusement, and juries. Law was poorly enforced.

          

  4. 6. The accomplishments and failures of the Republican Reconstruction governments in the South, who participated in them, who opposed them and why, and why they lasted less than a decade-before the 1860s, the West was treated as a vast Indian reserve
    -after 1860 the federal government divided it up into smaller, separate tribal reservations where the Indians were to be concentrated, by force, if necessary, and where they were expected to change nomadism for a settled agricultural life
    -the Indians were forced to give up their way of life and become "Christianized"
    -they were slaughtered if they resisted the move at all and their way of life was destroyed

          

  5. Mississippi Plan and redemptionorganization of a single corporation to control all stages of manufacturing, from obtaining raw materials to marketing the finished product

          

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