5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Henry W. Grady and the "New South Creed"
- Great Railroad Strike of 1877
- 14. What Frederick Jackson Turner's "frontier thesis" is and how historians regard it today
- 2. Andrew Johnson's plan of reconstruction, what he hoped to accomplish with it, why it failed
- "Seward's Ice Box"
- a During an economic depression, railroad companies cut wages in order to reduce costs. A strike on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad quickly spread and shut down two-thirds of the country's rail trackage. President Rutherford Hayes used federal troops to end the violence. Hundreds of people died. After the strike, some employers addressed the workers' grievances by improving wages and working conditions, while others took a hard line by busting workers' organizations.
- b -(issued May 1865) similar to lincoln's plan yet also provided for disenfranchisement of: (1) all former leaders of the confederacy and (2) Confederates w/more than $20,000 in taxable property
----this resulted in the pardoning of many Confederate leaders who came back in office
- c Grady- This newspaper editor of the Atlanta Constitution encouraged S economic growth & proclaimed the boundless industrial potential.
NSC - The belief that the S unprecedented natural resourced and cheap labor, they argued made it a natural site for industrial development.
- d ...
- e Seward's folly. Secretary of state william seward was able to purchase alaska for only $7.2 million; yet his enthusiasm was in contrast to the public's who viewed the purchase as a waste. reconstruction occupied americans were economy minded and anti-expansionist. The purchase would prove to be fruitful when alaska proved profitable with its availability of natural resources like oil and gas.
5 Multiple choice questions
- (1867) Radical attempt to further diminish Andrew Johnson's authority by providing that the president could not remove any civilian official without Senate approval; Johnson violated the law by removing Edwin Stanton as secretary of war, and the House of Representatives impeached him over his actions.
- -They impeached him due to both his reconstruction plan and also that he allowed black codes, and attempted to vetoe bills such as those increasing Freedmans Bureau and the civil rights act of 1866...then when Johnson vetoed the Tenure of Office Act (limiting his powers) and then fought against it when his veto was overridden he challenged it again and they impeached him
-they failed to impeach him because they were one vote short of 2/3rds vote since 7 moderate republicans had joined Dem's because they did not agree w/vetoing for political reasons
- -expanded the Union Pacific Railroad
-in 1879 he gained control of the Kansas Pacific Railroad and to squeeze out his southwestern competition, he ran tracks parallel to those of his rivals, engineered fluctuations in the price of their stock, and undercut their business by setting his rates below his own cost
-to increase his own income, he "watered" the company's stock by issuing stock certificates far in excess of the actual value of the assets
- Name given to paper money issued by the government during the Civil War, so called because the back side was printed with green ink. They were not redeemable for gold, but $300 million were issued anyway. Farmers hit by the depression wanted to inflate the notes to cover losses, but Grant vetoed an inflation bill and greenbacks were added to permanent circulation. In 1879 the federal government finally made greenbacks redeemable for gold.
5 True/False questions
pool → an agreement among formerly competing companies to set uniform prices and divide the business among themselves according to a predetermined formula; the purpose is to maximize profits by ending competition
Thirteenth Amendment → Constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that states, "no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."...(everyone has equal citizenship)
10. What happened to the Hispanic population of the Southwest after 1848 → Gompers - United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1924 (1850-1924)
AFL - a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955
Ned Buntline and William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody → Seward's folly. Secretary of state william seward was able to purchase alaska for only $7.2 million; yet his enthusiasm was in contrast to the public's who viewed the purchase as a waste. reconstruction occupied americans were economy minded and anti-expansionist. The purchase would prove to be fruitful when alaska proved profitable with its availability of natural resources like oil and gas.
Dawes Severalty Act, 1887 → declared state-passed granger laws that regulated interstate commerce unconstitutional.