5 Written Questions
4 Matching Questions
- Joint Committee on Reconstruction
- 8. Why land was not redistributed in the South and the consequences of leaving land concentrated in the hands of white planters
- Great Railroad Strike of 1877
- Compromise of 1877
- a Established on December 13, 1865 and drafted the 14th ammendment and required south to ratify it...Republicans in it included Thaddeus Stevens and 15 members
- b ...
- c Unwritten deal that settled the 1876 presidential election contest between Rutherford Hayes (Rep) and Samuel Tilden (Dem.) Hayes was awarded the presidency in exchange for the permanent removal of federal troops from the South.
- d During an economic depression, railroad companies cut wages in order to reduce costs. A strike on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad quickly spread and shut down two-thirds of the country's rail trackage. President Rutherford Hayes used federal troops to end the violence. Hundreds of people died. After the strike, some employers addressed the workers' grievances by improving wages and working conditions, while others took a hard line by busting workers' organizations.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- -founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870
-stressed the importance of providing a reliable product in winning customer loyalty
-had a passion for cost cutting and efficiency
-forced out competitors but slashing prices
-when some competitors banded together against him he set up a pool (an agreement among several companies) that established production quotas and fixed prices
-this lead him to control 90% of the companies oil-refining capacity by 1879
-1882: founded the Standard Oil Trust
-within three years it had consolidated crude-oil buying throughout its member firms and slashed the number of refineries by half
-he integrated the petroleum industry both vertically-by controlling every function from production to local retailing- and horizontally-by merging the competing oil companies into one giant system
- women's rights activists
- passed over the veto of president rutherford b. hayes requiring the u.s. treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars. the goal was to subsidize the silver industry in the mountain states and inflate prices. the law was replaced in 1890 by the similar sherman silver purchase act, which in turn was repealed by congress in 1893.
5 True/False Questions
6. The accomplishments and failures of the Republican Reconstruction governments in the South, who participated in them, who opposed them and why, and why they lasted less than a decade → ...
12. How and why the open-range cattle industry began and why it declined after 1886 → ...
10. Why the Liberal Republicans broke with President Grant and how this party splitweakened Republican Reconstruction → new beginning, cheap land, gold? etc
William M. Tweed → Restricted the rights and movements of newly freed African Americans; 1) prohibited blacks from either renting land or borrowing money to buy land; 2) placed freemen into a form of semi bondage by forcing them, as "vagrants" and "apprentices" to sign work contracts' 3) prohibited blacks from testifying against whites in court.
Interstate Commerce Act, 1887 → -designed to reform Indian's absence of property and their nomadic tradition by turning them into landowners and farmers
-emphasized severalty, or the treatment of Indians as individuals rather than as members of tribes, and called for the breakup of the reservations
--provided for the distribution of 160 acres of reservation land for farming, or 320 acres for grazing, to each head of an Indian family who accepted the law's provisions
-the remaining reservation lands (often the richest) were to be sold to speculators and settlers, and the income thus obtained would go toward purchase of farm tools
-to prevent unscrupulous people from gaining control of the lands granted to individual Indians, the government would hold the property of each tribal member in trust for 25 years. Those Indians who accepted allotments would in 25 years also be declared citizens of the U.S. with all the rights and responsibilities that attended such status, including the protection of federal laws and requirement to pay taxes
-had supported from western speculators, military authorities,and "friends of the Indian" like Helen Hunt Jackson
-most of the best land went to speculators and the Natives land was too dry and gravelly for farming
Bill that promised indians tracts of land to farm in order to assimilate them into white culture. the bill was resisted, uneffective, and disastrous to indian tribes